Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Open Access (free)
Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos
Iosif Kovras
Simon Robins

– or unwilling – to enforce legal norms at its borders when they concern dead migrants. In Lesbos the result is that locally formed perspectives can challenge, in a limited way, the biopolitical discourse of the centre. The practical orientation of this work seeks to address how the periphery can influence the centre, and how state policy can be impacted by those who live at the border and who actively resist both the securitisation agenda and the racialised neglect of migrant bodies. The body of the dead migrant, found within the territorial borders of the EU but

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Kirsti Bohata
Alexandra Jones
Mike Mantin
, and
Steven Thompson

compensation payments through medical diagnosis and, possibly, legal judgement created a category of disabled workmen that possessed certain rights in law. Deborah Stone’s work posits disability as ‘a juridical and administrative construct of state policy’.9 As Gleeson insists, this is just a construct and it tells us nothing about the lived reality of the disabled person’s experiences of disability. Nevertheless, this designation of disability was extremely powerful, since, while it did not prevent poverty and was certainly not a permanent designation, it helped to

in Disability in industrial Britain
Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

). However, she suggests that while the National Commission for Women in India is potentially an important means for mainstreaming gender within the state policy-making structures, its weakening links with the women’s movement are a cause for worry as they are eroding its legitimacy in the very constituency from which it needs support. Together with the lack of political will of most political parties to mainstream gender in policy making, this constitutes an important obstacle for the Indian National Commission for Women. The thrust of Marian Sawer’s argument in chapter

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
Coreen Anne McGuire

distinct classes is reduced when ‘the group is not so well mobilized; when it articulates demands in relation to a form of social difference that is not already institutionalized in state policies; and when its frames do not resonate with the public of policymakers, perhaps because of the difficulty of advancing a biological difference argument’. 14 If we consider disability, as Elizabeth Barnes does, as primarily a social phenomenon, then we could indeed argue that there are good health-related reasons to consider disability to be a reference class. Against this, we

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Open Access (free)
The prognosis
Sara De Vido

provoked by health policies which strongly and arbitrarily interfere with women’s reproductive autonomy and reproduce patterns of discrimination.8 Not being aware of that connection means perpetuating discrimination against women, and the unequal power relations between women and men. The analysis also confirmed the approach that I adopted with regard to VAW: the absence of the element of intent in its definition. It was interesting to find ‘patterns of discrimination’ which I found in this book to encompass forms of ‘tolerance’ of violence by the state, statepolicies

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
Don’t Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves as a reparative fantasy
Anu Koivunen

movement, gay life and press in the 1980s, attitudes towards homosexuality in Sweden and elsewhere, media coverage of HIV/​AIDS, state policies, politicians’ reactions, and changes in legislation. Through these passages, the lives of Benjamin, Rasmus, and their friends are explicitly framed as representative of larger histories. On the other hand, the narration of Don’t Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves engages the viewer in emotional turmoil by contrasting scenes of happiness, lust, romance, and community with powerful, stereotypical imagery of ‘AIDS victims’. With a

in The power of vulnerability
Armando Barrientos
Martin Powell

exaggeration, it might be suggested that while Jospin talked Left and acted Right – in some areas, such as redistribution – New Labour talks Right and acts more Left (see below). It follows that some of New Labour’s stated policy goals, such as the abolition of child poverty and reducing health inequalities – both of them more ambitious than the stated policy goals of ‘Old Labour

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison
Tony Boyd

nation, each Volk , has its own special qualities, but the German Volk carries the seeds of a higher spiritual and cultural order, a special role in human history. An elaborate theory of race was made the basis of state policy. According to this, humanity was sub-divided into different races, which had different and identifiable characteristics and could be placed in a hierarchical order. The highest

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Maria Karamessini
Damian Grimshaw

change in one of either real or relative values. A third group experienced a drop in one of the indicators, experienced by Ireland during the period shown. And, finally, Greece occupies the group in which both real and relative values fell significantly during the period. Explaining state policy towards minimum wage fixing Evidence of divergent minimum wage trends reviewed above is further complicated by a likely variety of economic and political thinking that underpins the Minimum wages and wage-setting systems in Greece and the UK 335 Table 17.1  Patterns of

in Making work more equal