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liberalism may be said to have vanquished its main opponents, fascism and communism, in the twentieth century, it has not been without its critics. A market economy does not necessarily produce social justice. Liberalism has not so far provided very satisfactory answers to problems such as crime, poverty, terrorism and environmental destruction. Nevertheless, liberalism has, more than any other ideology, a built-in capacity for self

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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policies. Some might question whether Marxism has much to offer today. Marxists believe it still offers a valid critique of capitalist society in the modern globalised economy. Others believe it is a failed ideology associated with failed political experiments in the USSR and elsewhere. Anarchism is associated in popular opinion with terrorism and chaos, or with unrealistic ‘utopian’ politics. This

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Jürgen Habermas and the European left

kept his eye on. Perhaps this explains his ‘fright’ when he was personally confronted with concerns about a new antisemitism coming not from the right but from the left. He recommended for publication a book by a Marxist philosopher who drew certain conclusions about the conflict in Israel-Palestine that Habermas did not share: notably in his failure to ‘distinguish political evaluation of Palestinian terrorism from the moral justification of it’. 50 Habermas

in Antisemitism and the left

weight to an argument, whether or not there is an actual relation between what is claimed to be morally right and what is legally right according to the norms of international law. Fourth, humanitarian and human rights law form a complex array of norms, and different parties tend to pick and choose those aspects that favour their interests or convictions. One side may be well disposed to those elements of international law that outlaw terrorism but not those that relate to the

in Antisemitism and the left
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Uses and critiques of ‘civilisation’

occurrence of isolated societies is less common than is often believed. In a contemporary world context of tensions and conflicts (whether of global inequalities, poverty and increasing ecological calamities, or around violence, war and terrorism), an argument that there is a profusion of webs of social cooperation evident in past societies need not be an indulgence in the innocent pastime of historical curiosity. Instead, it can be a potent argument about a diverse range of social formations and what their connections and conflicts suggest about how to confront the

in Debating civilisations
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.html (accessed 16 March 2012). 42 Marcel Berlins, ‘When a slogan equals terrorism’, Guardian , 3 October 2005, www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2005/oct/03/terrorism.immigrationpolicy (accessed 16 March 2012). 43 Styles, The Dress of the People

in Cultivating political and public identity

culturally distant will be passed by more easily and not be noticed.’ 32 Parents geographically removed from the Syrian crisis can identify with this image being played out in their own homes. But while a European or North American child plays the game for fun, the children in Za’atari prepare themselves for jihad, framing Syrian children within the global terrorism narrative. As David Altheide notes, terrorism has become a

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Writing on the body

) through choreographic responses to anti-​state terrorism (Ulrike Meinhof by Johann Kresnik), dance during the Second World War, and dance and rights (focusing on works such as Victoria Marks’s Not About Iraq (2007)). All these analyses tackle choreographic works that have sought to elaborate and problematise issues discussed in words; very often, this is stated in the title of the piece. Kolb also states that the analyses in the book focus on twentieth-​and early twenty-​first-​century Western stage dance (though she does leave some space for developments beyond it

in Dance and politics
Current policy options and issues

and money laundering and thus currently contribute to the transformation of war economies through the tracking and investigation of illegal financial transactions (Winer, 2005; Winer and Roule, 2003). Multiple international security bodies are also involved in the tracking and investigation of the illicit side of war economies. Many of these bodies have been set up to deal specifically with the global drug trade, transnational organised crime or global terrorism, but due to the connections between these activities and many war economies, have been or could

in Building a peace economy?

humanitarian incentive because these countries were the wealthiest countries in Latin America, and Latin America was not, for example, as poor as Africa. Neither were there any security incentives because the problems in Latin America were mainly restricted to local issues which did not threaten EU security as international terrorism would do, for example. Therefore, Latin America is very much a remote region and still very much Lessons to be learned 215 under the influence of the US. This brings us to the question of whether the EU really is a global actor or a

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur: