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15 January 1900, where the mayor read Clark Murray’s telegram: ‘Will the women of Fredericton unite with the women of Montreal in federating as “Daughters of the Empire” and inviting the women of Australia and New Zealand to unite with them in sending to the Queen an expression of our devotion to the Empire and an emergency war fund to be expended as Her Majesty shall deem fit?’ 11 As well as

in Female imperialism and national identity
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appreciative of the services of colonial auxiliaries, not only locally raised bodies such as the Imperial Light Horse and Major M. F. Rimington’s Guides, but contingents from Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Apart from reservations about the discipline of some colonial units, officers frequently lauded their skills. As Corporal Jewell (New Zealand Mounted Rifles) informed his sister in Cheltenham: ‘General

in The Victorian soldier in Africa

reflected in the Balfour Declaration (1926) and the Statute of Westminster (1931), completing the long evolution from responsible government and home rule to independent Dominion status. In New Zealand and Australia, emerging national mythologies were forged in the blood of ANZAC troops in the trenches of Gallipoli. In the aftermath of the war, however, Britain became more and more dependent on the empire

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
The canadianizing 1920s

people overseas in British territories, especially in the ‘white’ Dominions of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. 3 State involvement centred around the 1922 Empire Settlement Act, which authorized assistance for passages and land settlement for fifteen years, with £3 million allocated each year. 4 Gender was of vital concern in post-First World War British

in Female imperialism and national identity
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Colonial subjects and the appeal for imperial justice

from end to end, and also extend to Australia and England. 62 Despite his seeming lack of disillusionment, Tawhiao faced a Britain that valued him as an exhibition of exoticness, or savagery – of the local flavour expected of the imperial metropole – not for the political message of loyalism and injustice that he brought. Those imperial

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
Open Access (free)
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’

a European language of the immigration officer’s choice. At the Colonial Conference of 1897 Chamberlain commended this Act to all the other self-governing colonies as the right way of restricting Coloured immigration without making it obvious that this was what was being done. The other South African colonies adopted the Act, as did the Australian colonies, which made it the basis of the ‘White

in Equal subjects, unequal rights

defence against incursions of a bold and predatory enemy’. 65 Night after night Osman Digna’s forces, in small groups, attacked the scattered camps, by-passing the guards and arc lamps to hack and kill soldiers asleep in their tents. Newly arrived units were particularly vulnerable (the Australians suffered on their arrival in late March just as the 1/Berkshires had done in early

in The Victorian soldier in Africa
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sought to emulate. The Victoria League may have barred the IODE from imperial expansion, but had the situation been different I doubt that the IODE would have flourished in New Zealand or Australia in the way it has in North America. Canada was central to the IODE’s vision from the time of the 1901 Toronto take-over from the Montreal foundress Margaret Clark Murray, and the invention of an identity situated in

in Female imperialism and national identity

dangerous of an earlier era were transformed and appropriated into the known and the safe of imperial ritual. They became incorporated into an imperial culture. Colonial officials developed customs and practices such as royal visits in a long-term cultural dance with Native Americans, South Asians, Africans, Maori, and Australian Aborigines, one dominated by Europeans but informed by the (imagined or real

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
Defending Cold War Canada

immigration and that ‘the people of Canada do not wish, as a result of mass immigration, to make a fundamental alteration in the character of our population’. 51 Under the 1947 Immigration Act there was practically free entry for people from Britain, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland and the United States. Citizens of other, ‘non-entry’, countries were eligible only if they had

in Female imperialism and national identity