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Joanna Gore

that in some circumstances leads to marginalisation, segregation and even extermination (1967: 11). Erving Goffman, R. D. Laing, Thomas Szasz and Cooper were all pioneers in the anti-psychiatry movement and the Philadelphia Association of the 1960s and 1970s, which aimed to deconstruct the notion of mental illness as personal problem and reposition it as a consequence of social exclusion. However, their theories and experiments somehow became a cul de sac, being never quite disproved but never developed either. Acceptance of their theories would have required a

in Changing anarchism
Catherine Baker

, biological racism had not disappeared: the RS leadership grounded its belief in the Otherness and inhumanity of Bosniaks not just on culture but also on vehement biological racism based on psychiatry and genetics. Radovan Karadžić's pre-war career as a psychiatrist and Biljana Plavšić's as a biologist were not surreal wartime curiosities; 2 they were articulations of science and racism that became tools for the RS leadership to graft scientific authority on to a campaign for ethnically pure territory, with Plavšić in 1993 calling Bosniaks ‘genetically deformed material

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Open Access (free)
The French human sciences and the crafting of modern subjectivity, 1794–1816
Laurens Schlicht

form of the intervention of medical or educational experts within spaces of control, or of research strategies for finding something out about the enigmatic content of the mind. This chapter aims to show that this version of modern subjectivity was defined, on the one hand, as a semi-autonomous unit that came to be called the ego, the Moi . It was understood to be visible through careful introspection only and had an inexhaustible content. On the other hand this modern version of what Jan Goldstein has called the ‘mental stuff’ allowed for a sphere of scientific

in Progress and pathology
Johan Östling

research and not for the needs of practical life. Finally, the British and the Americans criticised the German university for being incapable of promoting what Richter called ‘social life’; it could support individualists and geniuses, but not people who worked in and for collective society.107 Richter had obviously been permanently influenced by the vitality and innovation that he had encountered during his years of exile on the other side of the Atlantic. Instead of stubbornly holding on to their native ways of thinking, Germans should learn from Anglo-Saxon criticism

in Humboldt and the modern German university
Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

two remaining European powers and locating the idea of partition within future diplomatic initiatives such as the Treaty of Sèvres and the San Remo Agreement. With the signing of the Treaty of Sèvres, the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was complete. Article 22 of the League of Nations Covenant established mandates in the Middle East, where ‘their existence as independent nations can be provisionally recognised subject to the rendering of administrative advice and assistance by a mandatory unit until such time as they are able to stand alone’.16 Powers responsible

in Houses built on sand
Jane Brooks

to use skilful techniques of assessment and management in the face of the soldier’s stoicism to provide him with adequate pain relief. As part of the formation of skills to manage their combatant patients in war zones overseas, nurses developed the artistry of their practice from task orientation to a humanitarian service that healed men physically, socially and emotionally, in order to prepare them for return to the battlefield, or support them in death.5 As men were laid waste across the globe by the destructive forces of modern weaponry, military nurses were

in Negotiating nursing