The Conservative challenge

public who we are and what we stand for. We have to renew the image of the Conservative Party. We have to articulate consistently the values of Conservatism which reflect and reinforce that image. Then as opportunities arise and with a limited number of carefully chosen policy initiatives, we have to announce policies which consistently reflect and reinforce those values. 224 Andrew Lansley MP Let me start with image. We are like a major brand which has lost the confidence of its customers. Without stretching the analogy too far, perhaps we are like Marks and

in The Conservatives in Crisis
From disaster to devolution and beyond

9 Peter Lynch The Scottish Conservatives, 1997–2001 The Scottish Conservatives, 1997–2001: from disaster to devolution and beyond Peter Lynch William Hague’s four years of leadership of the Conservative Party coincided with a revolution in the political opportunity structure of Scottish Conservatism. First, the Scotish Tories were wiped out at the 1997 general election, their worst electoral performance of all time and their lowest share of the vote since 1865. Second, the party’s constitutional position was heavily defeated at the devolution referendum of

in The Conservatives in Crisis

engagement in the EU. Hague emphasised the importance of the nation to British Conservatism and sought to renew the party’s position as the champion of the nation in the light of new challenges.5 To restore their political fortunes, the Conservatives had to be a national party, understanding and drawing upon British identity and values. The defining features of British identity were individualism, a spirit of enterprise, social mobility – with Hague praising the contribution of immigrants to British culture – and attachment to locality and the ‘little platoons’ of civil

in The Conservatives in Crisis
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, the relationship between racing and the media, the status of trainers and jockeys, owners and breeders, betting, bookmaking and its policing, and the experience of actually attending the races in a period supposedly characterised by economic hardships and depression, unemployment and misery. In exploring such topics, it becomes clear that a study of racing also adds a vital dimension to debates amongst historians about the extent of social harmony, the political and social predominance of conservatism, the construction of gender identities, national sentiment, and

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39
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Here we explore socialism – an ideology that, uniquely, sprang from the industrial revolution and the experience of the class that was its product, the working class. Though a more coherent ideology than conservatism, socialism has several markedly different strands. In order to appreciate these, and the roots of socialism in a concrete historical experience, we explore its

in Understanding political ideas and movements

of the time influence what they do with that power when they have achieved it. Indeed, it is impossible to separate the two. This applies even to those who deny having an ideology. The use of power always takes place in a framework of ideology. Modern politics can only be properly understood by reference to the great ideological movements: conservatism, liberalism, socialism, fascism, and so on. Ideologies tend to have a bad

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Defending Cold War Canada

defence, immigrant training and citizenship courts. Such work continued the IODE’s mission for a British-influenced Canada. The IODE’s reaction to the Cold War reflected a forced reconsideration of Canadian identity. While the IODE promoted democratic principles of progressive conservatism, its methods and its attitude to Communists were influenced by an individualism and a politics more often associated

in Female imperialism and national identity

, rationality, and radical progress, and was actively promoted, just as Basque, Breton, and other minority languages and dialects were actively discouraged. In the twentieth century, Breton suffered after the Second World War by being associated with the Vichy regime, whilst by the century's end it had moved from right to left to become associated with radical decentralised democracy and popular choice against centralised conservatism. 66 There is a tension between the effectiveness of habitual identity and the lure of novelty

in Cultivating political and public identity
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the 1987 Bremen state election the circulation was increased to 300,000. The all-time record was reached in the month of the parliamentary election of 1990: 4,000,000 copies were said to be printed. Except for the occasional increase in the circulation of the normal party paper, the Rep also published a few special issues concerning forthcoming elections. From national-conservatism to extreme right Nationalism The primary ideological feature of the party literature is and always has been nationalism. It is telling for the political climate in post-war Germany and

in The ideology of the extreme right
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radical utilitarianism, in the course of which the sympathetic conservatism of orientalism yielded to a more aggressive project intent on dragging India into the civilized and modern world. This shift was accompanied by changes in the modes of literary expression as an eighteenth-century sensibility was gradually superseded by Romanticism. 38 The renewed interest in travel accounts attendant upon

in The other empire