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Towards Specialised Services?

receiver. This agent is almost always the IAP, and it is regulation of this party which is at stake in net neutrality. IAPs also can remove other potentially illegal materials on behalf of governments and copyright holders, to name the two most active censors on the Internet, as well as prioritise packets for their own benefit. As a result, the E2E principle would be threatened were it not already moribund

in Network neutrality
Analysing the example of data territorialisation

studies as the regulation and control of mobility reflects and reproduces power relations (Sheller and Urry 2006 : 211). Imaginaries of security legitimise the regulation and control of data mobility, which affects also social relations beyond their technical implementations. In the case of data territorialisation, this is done mainly by the use of infrastructure, as well as algorithms and code that organise and steer data traffic

in Security/ Mobility
Open Access (free)
Europeanisation and Belgian federalism

2444Ch3 3/12/02 3 2:02 pm Page 69 Christian Franck, Hervé Leclercq and Claire Vandevievere Belgium: Europeanisation and Belgian federalism Introduction: European integration as a historical lesson of neutrality For about fifty years, the Belgian policy toward European integration is the most significant demonstration Belgium has made of its commitment to multilateralism and international co-operation in security as well as in economic affairs. Even if Belgium had already illustrated such an orientation through its participation in multilateral trade and

in Fifteen into one?
Managing the criminal facets of war economies

programme provided a mechanism through which international jurists were able to take cases when it was felt that Kosovan staff were unable to effectively try a case due to either a real or perceived security threat or where their ability to try the case impartially was questionable (UNMIK 2000c, 2000d: Regulation 2000/6 and 2000/64). This programme was not a parallel system; international jurists worked within Kosovo’s judiciary and were not part of the wider international justice programme at the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY). Within the IJPP

in Building a peace economy?
From the ‘militant’ to an ‘immunised’ route?

sedition’ should be struck from the law books because it is too broad and sweeping, and is liable to lead to the unreasonable limitation of the freedom of expression. 3 Furthermore, if the State of Israel indeed seeks to anchor its response in a legal framework which relies on a genuine notion of the rule of law, then, in addition to the annulment of the sedition offence, the Ordinance for the Prevention of Terrorism should also be limited. This should also apply to a variety of administrative regulations at the State’s disposal which have always empowered it to deal

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Open Access (free)

the door for membership, enlargement was inevitable. Perhaps it was even desirable considering that the aspirants were comparatively wealthy. They were even likely to become net contributors to an ever more expensive and cash-strapped European Union. Even if some of the four candidate countries, such as Austria, could have joined the EU simply through a vote of parliament, a referendum had become a political must, given the historical significance of joining, and following the hotly contested Danish and French referenda on the Treaty on European Union. This was

in Destination Europe
Open Access (free)

destruction of agriculture and infrastructure) but, officially hidden from view by its status as part of Portuguese neutrality, received no post-war reconstruction assistance. Portugal joined the United Nations in 1955 but, despite international pressure, resisted efforts to lock it into UN-sponsored processes of decolonisation until 1974. The Dutch, like the Portuguese in East Timor, returned to reclaim their colony of Indonesia after the war. But the Indonesian independence movement had gained momentum and organisation during the Japanese occupation

in Human rights and the borders of suffering