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Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

, the focus of this paper is late-capitalism’s absorption and reproduction of the informal economies of the global South, especially the role of post-humanitarianism in governing global precarity. The question of social reproduction is important here. Encompassing the reproduction of human beings as a biological species, social reproduction is an organic part of capitalism. It includes birthing and caring for the young, sick and old while maintaining family, friendship and wider community linkages, identities and moralities ( Fraser, 2016

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

,000 Iraqis, 15,000 Yemenis, 6,000 Sudanis and 2,500 refugees from 52 other nationalities ( UNHCR, 2019 ). Most refugees live in communities outside of camps in the northern governorates of Irbid, Mafraq and Zarqa. Large populations can also be found in the south in Ma’an, and in the capital city Amman, where the IKEA and JRF partnership is located. In Jordan, Syrians have faced fluctuating levels of humanitarian assistance and limited access to legal livelihoods; as such, many

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission the question arises: what kinds of truth surfaced in the actual gacaca assemblage in small face-to-face communities? And what kind of truth dominated? And how did these truths interact? I will answer these questions based on fieldwork conducted in Rwanda between 2005 and 2012 – when the gacaca courts were operational nationwide – when I, together with Rwandan collaborators, observed a total of 1,917 trials dealing with allegations against 2,573 individuals. In doing so, I conceptualise the gacaca process as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

– were distributed to local communities through these networks [ Byrne, 1997 ; Daly and Saville, 1971 ; Omaka, 2016 ]. The missionaries’ presence in Biafra also had the effect – to borrow a phrase that Lasse has used in his work – in bringing the crisis ‘close’ to people in the West. In Canada and Ireland, for example, the Christian churches played a very prominent role in making the crisis intelligible to the public – by providing a direct connection to West Africa

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

of the book, in the second part (‘Digital Dichotomies’) Leung articulately discusses how refugees resort to information technology to manage their current circumstances and connect back to where they come from. She contrasts the dissimilar backgrounds of the netizens and the asylum seekers: the former rely on the internet to participate actively in online communities; the latter use the internet to access information that allows them to manage their lives and communicate with their loved ones

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Marc Le Pape and Michaël Neuman

share a Central African context. Their research deals with a period that starts with the genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda, runs through the wars inside the Democratic Republic of Congo that followed and, over the longer term, those wars in the eastern part of that country, in Kivu, which is still an area with serious armed violence. Bert Ingelaere spent a long time studying the post-genocide community courts, known as gacaca . It represents an extraordinary effort, both for the rigour of its analysis and for its detailed observations during public sessions of those

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

’ agencies, INGOs and intergovernmental organisations. For a famine to be declared, a region needs to surpass three thresholds: 2 deaths per 10,000 people per day (crude death rate), 30 per cent of children are acutely malnourished and 20 per cent of households with extreme food gaps ( IPC Global Partners, 2019 : 9). If the region falls into the category of ‘famine’, the IPC system stresses the need for ‘immediate action’ from the international community ( IPC Global

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

they say, ‘Oh, that’s fine,’ but that is surgery . It is a conceptual thing. But safe surgery can have an impact on a community as great, for example, as a vaccination programme. So, you might think, ‘That can’t be right: vaccination programmes are as cheap as chips and you can get them out to lots of people’ – yes, but your target audiences are not economically active, so this may sound very consequentialist or whatever, but that’s the fact; they are not the most

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

patterns of attacks on health, timing of occurrence, and its consequences could allow us to draw some conclusions about the motivations behind these atrocities. As argued by Fouad et al. (2017) , we believe that healthcare was instrumentalised by the GoS and its allies in their warfare. Moreover, we argue that these attacks were strategically used as part of a larger military tactic to weaken the resilience of communities under opposition control. We will demonstrate this use in the following examples of military offensives by the GoS and its allies. The Baba Amr

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

). Despite the widespread lamentations about impunity for perpetrators of attacks against aid workers and calls from the humanitarian community for increased accountability, many practitioners caution against directly engaging with accountability mechanisms themselves. Humanitarian actors who struggle to gain and maintain acceptance from parties to conflict and access to populations in need are highly sensitive to the potential costs of further antagonising the perpetrators of attacks. This element is particularly salient in protracted conflict settings where the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs