Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

MSF website in early February, the MSF emergency coordinator for Unity state recounted the circumstances of this evacuation: When we heard that forces were approaching Bentiu, we knew that the town would most probably become a battleground. There was an atmosphere of panic, and people started leaving the town. The fighting became very close and it was dangerous to move around. We made the decision to evacuate on 8 January

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

. Translators without Borders (TWB) represents an innovation where machine translation technology is situated within a broader process innovation and which is working towards truly addressing language inclusion as part of effective emergency response. Forging New Spaces Beyond attention to the evolution of the humanitarian innovation agenda, we might also be encouraged by efforts to forge more ethical, participatory and locally driven innovation spaces. These are some of the key domains that must be meaningfully addressed for an innovation agenda to be appropriate for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

powerholders – a process of renegotiation on the terms of the organisation’s presence. ‘Proximity’ is one of MSF’s operational principles: ‘proximity has been and remains a fundamental part of our security management’, one security guideline for DRC summarises ( MSF-OCB, 2018 ). ‘Being there’ to provide emergency healthcare is central to MSF’s raison d’être . However, proximity is also important to ensure that MSF teams can analyse the context in order better to understand where MSF fits into the interests of different actors. In order to ‘do security’, MSF employees must

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Paul Currion

( 2014 ), Rates of Return to Investment in Science and Innovation: A Report Prepared for the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills ( London : Frontier Economics Ltd ). Garman , S. ( 2015 ) ‘ New Communications Technologies in Emergencies’ , in MacGinty , R. and Peterson , J

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

presentism. As Jeff Crisp rather pithily observed, over the course of any emergency, the sector ‘can be guaranteed to describe it as an “unprecedented crisis”’ ( Crisp, 2016 ). Description of the Project We developed ‘Humanitarian History: Past Practice into Future Policy’, a project funded by a New Foundations Grant from the Irish Research Council in 2017, from conversations about these issues. Our aim was to find a method that would allow

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

US explicitly rejected norms around rights and intervention, the space opened for a small army of humanitarian and human rights organisations to actively involve themselves in crises and complex emergencies worldwide under the sometimes explicit, often implicit protection of Western hegemony. This all came to an end with the intervention in Libya of 2011. On the face of it, getting China and Russia to abstain from using their veto on the security council must have seemed like a diplomatic coup. But in reality, this was a trigger for greater

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

’s Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative, Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies. Works Cited Auchter , J. ( 2017 ), ‘ Forced Male Circumcision: Gender-Based Violence in Kenya ’, International Affairs , 93 : 6 , 1339 – 56

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

need not apply ( McClintock, 1995 : 22). Such an attitude is evident in the testimonials of assault survivors ( HWN, 2017 ; Mazurana and Donnelly, 2017 ; Spencer, 2018 ) as well as the common perception of ‘the field’ as a sexually charged space characterised by bacchanalian parties and casual sex – famously described in the much-criticised memoir Emergency Sex (and Other Desperate Measures) ( Cain et al. , 2006 ) – or what one informant wryly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

visible presence of former colonial officials in the Biafran aid efforts as part of the same narrative: transitioning from roles played in empire to the world of development and the emergency aid. The continuities that Véronique Dimier has mapped in her study of EU development personnel are echoed among British NGOs [ Dimier, 2014] . Save the Children, in particular, relied on colonial knowledge, but Oxfam and others also drew on similar forms of expertise from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

women’s tears – and the affective response more broadly of the global north – have historically often shaped the actions of INGOs, in humanitarian emergencies, more effectively than the testimonies and lived experience of people of colour themselves. Speaking Out and Being Silenced This topic is difficult to write about: even when investigations are conducted and reports written, organisations still seek to control the narrative and hide as many

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs