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relied heavily on outside help for solutions to the economic and political challenges attending statehood. The region remains potentially volatile owing to water-allocation conflicts, Islamic militancy and ethnic tensions. The prospects for regional peace and stability will depend, at least in the short term, on the sustained interest and intercession of the great powers, especially China, Russia and the United States. These three powers have made sustained and competitive diplomatic overtures to the Central Asian states. The United States, for instance, has made an

in Limiting institutions?

forms of violence against the regime. Many militant Islamic groups have followed this strategy. Societal security Societal security 14 can be defined as the ‘protection of the core values of that society, namely, protecting the right to life of its citizens, safeguarding its national values, and ensuring its welfare, or at least satisfaction of the basic

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
A bounded security role in a greater Europe

borders and protect the sacred patrimony from intruders that must be denied access or worse. This is a Cartesian logic turned inside out – I am, therefore you are not. Each affirms its specificity in order to escape the other’s – ‘foreign, different, if not barbarian, fundamentalist or fanatic’ are words that can define both Europe’s worst vision of Islam and Islam’s worst vision of the West.26 In sum, there is little debate where enlargement ends: at the border of the Eurasian countries that Moscow used to control, and across the Mediterranean where individual EU

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control

the following major attacks in 2016 that have taken place in Brussels and Nice. 4 Moreover, propaganda declaring war on Rome was released by the established presence of Islamic State affiliates on Libya’s coast, and the potential threats that terrorists could take control of migration networks were disseminated. 5 These events have increased the perception of the Mediterranean as Europe

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
New threats, institutional adaptations

geoeconomic significance in the twenty-first century. These areas’ importance is linked to their pivotal geographical position as a nexus between the Atlantic security zone and the Middle East and Asia and as potential buffers or transit points between the Islamic Middle East and Christian Europe. Central Asia will play an especially critical role as an alternative source of energy supply for Europe and Northeast Asia, will either help repair or deepen the environmental distress occasioned by climatic change, will serve either as a sanctuary for terrorism against the West

in Limiting institutions?

Bosnian Muslims as ‘Islamic fundamentalists’, raising fears for the survival of the Serbian community in Bosnia. Croatian mythology paints the Croats as a single tribe, distinguished by their Catholicism and location as the ‘outer wall’ of Christian Europe’s defence against the early modern Ottomans. It also emphasises over a millennium of Croatian ‘statehood’, and as a result is ambivalent about the Ustashe interlude: as Franjo Tudjman put it, the Ustashe regime was simultaneously ‘a Fascist crime’ and an authentic expression of Croatian nationalist aspirations.23 The

in Limiting institutions?
Grassroots exceptionalism in humanitarian memoir

that was disappearing in the developing world as fast as old-growth forests’ (120). Such statements help the book frame its mission to a liberal audience eager to sympathise with a non-threatening Islamic ‘other’. By aiding a people who are seen to maintain a pre-modern worldview and (unlike al Qaeda) are not technologically sophisticated, donating to CAI can be embraced as a peaceful, non

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

alignments serve both as a key basis for multilateral cooperation and for American power projection in the region. By monitoring the Tajik–Afghan border, ‘Centrasbat’ prevents elements of Tajikistan’s extremist Islamic opposition, which had fled to safe havens in Afghanistan, from returning.28 The regional cooperative security arrangement among all eight Trans-Caucasus and Central Asian states against the proliferation of dangerous materials and goods is another important PfP activity that promotes multilateral cooperation in the region.29 Finally, Central Asia and the

in Limiting institutions?

, with FSU area trade levels rising accordingly.50 The strengthening of the Russian economy was central not only to the economic recovery of the region, but to the prospects for more substantial regional commercial linkages. Even the sceptical Uzbek president Islam Karimov publicly linked the improved state of the Russian economy to the prospects for Eurasian economic integration, while Russian politicians and commentators more openly discussed the use of economic pressures to advance regional security and business linkages.51 We surmise that were more recent, Putin

in Limiting institutions?

. In fact, the Islamic resistance movement threatened female members of the Palestinian side of the Jerusalem Link and reinforced the negative atmosphere for joint work with Israelis. 19 Women’s peace groups in Israel included Women for Women Political Prisoners, The Peace Quilt (an Israeli

in Redefining security in the Middle East