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Raymond Hinnebusch

project required the incorporation of Judea/Samaria – before 1967 the Jordanian-controlled ‘West Bank’ of the Jordan River. This ambition was explicit and institutionalised in the Herut party but latent throughout Israeli society (Smith 1996: 193). It was, however, security needs that most immediately motivated Israeli decision-makers. Even though Israel had twice defeated its divided Arab neighbours, the loss of even one war could spell national extinction. Israel’s frontiers were uniquely vulnerable; in particular, the Jordanian-controlled West

in The international politics of the Middle East
Simon Mabon

the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, available at www. ochaopt.org/​theme/​west-​bank-​barrier (accessed 10.04.16). 72 ‘The Separation Barrier’ (B’Tselem, 11.11.17), available at www.btselem.org/​ separation_​barrier (accessed 12.11.17). 73 See, among others, Oren Yiftachel, ‘Israeli Society and Jewish-​Palestinian Reconciliation: “Ethnocracy” and Its Territorial Contraditions’, Middle East Journal, 51:4 (1997), 505–​19; and Oren Iftachel, ‘Neither Two States Nor One’, Arab World Geographer, 8:3 (2005), 125–​9. 74 See Yehudit Kirstein Keshet, Checkpoint

in Houses built on sand
Simon Mabon

. In the summer of 2011 outrage at the rising cost of living resulted in protests, demonstrating the move from a quietist social welfare Zionism of the formative stages of the state to the more hawkish but economically liberal interpretations of Zionism. In response, a tent was pitched in Habima Square on Rothschild Boulevard in Tel Aviv, triggering a mass protest. Facebook once again proved a platform to spread ideas, helping to develop a tent city that straddled differences across Israeli society as people were ultimately united in search of social justice. In

in Houses built on sand
Amikam Nachmani

. The problem is not Turkish pressures. The problem is to give up to them. 40 Palestinians and Armenians aside, and one easily discerns that the Israeli society highly interests the Turks, in fact on certain occasions attracts and fascinates them. “When you are in Israel, all your problems are solved the moment you show a Turkish passport!” is but one of the enthusiastic descriptions. 41 Many aspects prevailing among the Israelis have become the subjects of inspection by Turkish newspapers. Indeed, few of them have appointed permanent

in Turkey: facing a new millennium