fetters of an American farmgirl
From her who ever was and still’s a slave (Mary Collier, 1739)1
Following its rediscovery by Henry Louis Gates Jr in 1982, Harriet
Wilson’s Our Nig (1859) was quickly identiﬁed as a double ﬁrst – the ﬁrst
African-American novel published by a woman and the ﬁrst AfricanAmerican novel published in the USA. It was also rapidly located within
its ante-bellum abolitionist literary contexts. Plainly Our Nig draws upon
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) and slave narrative
writing of this period.2 My
Politics (Gerrard's Cross, Bucks.: Colin Smythe, 1986), 3.
5 IAOS, Annual Report, 1921 , 7.
6 Kevin H. O’Rourke, ‘Culture, Conflict and Cooperation: Irish Dairying Before the Great War’, Economic Journal , 117 (2007), 1357–1379.
7 Philip Bull, Land, Politics and Nationalism: A Study of the Irish Land Question (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996); James S Donnelly, Jr, The Land and the People of Nineteenth-Century Cork (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975).
demonstrating at Bolotnaya Square on 10 December were communists calling
to be ‘given back their city’. This re-emerged in 2013,
with a study that suggested that the KPRF had even defeated UR in
December 2011. 17
The other aspect of this shift to the political left were
the results of the centre-left Just Russia (JR) party. Created in 2006
as a coalition of three parties, some suggest that it was created by the
Louisiana University Press, 2006), 88–9.
D. F. Trask, The War with Spain in 1898 (New York:
Macmillan, 1981), 2–3; McCartney, Power and Progress , 89; Smith,
The Spanish–American War , 6–8; J. L. Offner, An Unwanted
War: The Diplomacy of the United States and Spain Over Cuba,
1895–1898 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992),
3–4; L. A. Pérez, Jr, The War of 1898: The United States and
On 21 November 1850, applications for marriage from five couples were approved simultaneously. JR, R, 1850, 21 November. On 11 February 1870, permission to marry was granted for five couples; and on 25 February of the same year, three more couples received approval. JR, K, 1870, 11 February; JR, K, 1870, 25 February.
Egerbladh and Bittles 2011 , pp. 413, 418
Transnational reflections from Brazilians in London and Maré, Rio de Janeiro
Cathy McIlwaine, Miriam Krenzinger, Yara Evans, and Eliana Sousa Silva
Criminology , 4 : 32–56 .
Esser , D. ( 2014 ). Security scales: Spectacular and endemic violence in post-invasion Kabul, Afghanistan . Environment and Urbanization , 26 : 373–88 .
Evans , Y. , Dias , G. , Martins , A. Jr , Souza, A. , and Tonhati , T. ( 2015 ). Diversidade de oportunidades: Brasileiros em Londres . London : Grupo de Estudos Sobre Brasileiros no Reino Unido .
Evans , Y. , and McIlwaine , C. ( 2017 ). Supporting Brazilian women in London: Service provision for survivors of violence against women and girls (VAWG) . London
Lillian Leitzel’s celebrity, agency and her performed femininity
The 1920s was a particularly interesting time in circus history in
the USA and England because of the popularity of circus and changes
in the industry. In America, the Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey
Combined Show was touring the country with a Big Top tent capable
of holding over 16,500 audience members for twice-daily performances.
The American Big Top may have reached its peak capacity in the 1920s
(Dahlinger Jr, 2008: 224; Davis, 2002: 293), but this was not to last, as the
economic downturn that created the American Depression in the
Gegenwart (Studien zur
Historischen Migrationsforschung, vol. 30), ed. by Christoph Rass (Paderborn:
Ferdinand Schöningh, 2016), pp. 111–126; Egidio Ivetic, ‘The Peace of
Passarowitz in Venice’s Balkan Policy’, in The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718,
ed. by Charles Ingrao, Nikola Samardžić and Jovan Pešalj (West Lafayette,
IN: Purdue University Press, 2008), pp. 63–72.
5 William H. Sewell, Jr, ‘A Theory of Structure’, in his Logics of History:
Social Theory and Social Transformation (Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 2005), pp. 124–151.
The initial emphasis on identifying how ‘shifting baselines’ become the new
normal was developed in 2002 by several marine biologists, divers and filmmakers, who set up a media and research campaign at www.shiftingbaselines.org.
Further discussion of the issue of massively reduced populations now taken
as the norm can be found in Caroline Fraser (2009: 294–9).
For a detailed history of the work to repopulate the few remaining bison, see
Mark V. Barrow, Jr. (2009).
The linking of queer and wild made here owes much to the recent work of
Jack Halberstam, who has a
’ arrival, as well as of the first manifestations of
the ‘living history’ movement, when in 1926 John D.
Rockefeller, Jr. gave money for the Williamsburg restoration.
At a time of contested national identity, then, the
colonial period was enshrined as the originary moment of national
identity as public institutions and social elites constructed an
official culture and official memory to shore up the