operates in much the
same way. As Kellner points out, ‘Rambo has long hair, a
headband, eats only natural foods (whereas the bureaucrat Murdock
swills Coke), is close to nature, and is hostile toward bureaucracy,
the state, and technology – precisely the position of many
1960s counterculturalists’. See Douglas Kellner, MediaCulture (New York: Routledge, 1995), p. 65
, Bedside Seductions: Nursing and the Victorian Imagination,
1830–1880 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998), among others.
Nurses during the Anglo-Boer War
26 J. Hallam, Nursing the Image: Media, Culture and Professional Identity
(London: Routledge, 2000), p. 20.
27 P. Levine, Victorian Feminism 1850–1900 (London: Hutchinson Education,
1987), p. 129; T. M. Group and J. I. Roberts, Nursing, Physician Control,
and the Medical Monopoly: Historical Perspectives on Gendered Inequality in
Roles, Rights, and Range of Practice (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University
Television and the politics of British humanitarianism
starvation to mobilise against and overthrow Emperor Haile Selassie’s
imperial government. 4
Yet despite its importance, The Unknown Famine and the
mobilisations that followed it have been largely neglected in studies of
humanitarianism and mediaculture, being overshadowed by the
larger-scale Ethiopian famine of 1984–5, which sparked the iconic Band
Aid/Live Aid phenomenon. 5
cultural economy: geography and the creative field’, Media,
Culture and Society, 21, pp. 807–17.
Scott, A. (2000), The Cultural Economy of Cities: Essays on the Geography of ImageProducing Industries, London, Sage.
Sennett, R. (1998), The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work
in the New Capitalism, New York, Norton.
Markets, firms and networks
Skills Observatory (2000), Pilot Project on the Cultural Industries: Final Report, Centre for Urban and Community Research, Goldsmiths College.
Thompson, G., Frances, J., Levacic, R. and Mitchell, J. (eds
Released 27 March 1956, Ealing Studios. The film follows the lives of five
student nurses in the young NHS. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0050428/
[accessed 28 September 2016].
50 Julia Hallam identifies this film as one in which the nurse’s role as patient
carer is subordinated to nurse as the one who cares for the male doctor,
thereby playing into post-war tropes of a domesticity. Nevertheless, as
Hallam argues, ‘the deep happiness to be found in nursing is that of being in
service’. Julia Hallam, Nursing the Image: Media, Culture and Professional
Times (1 December
89 Anonymous, ‘Editorial: Coming home – Army nurses think of demobilisation’, Nursing Times (16 February 1946): 127.
90 Anonymous, ‘Editorial: Nursing goes forward’, Nursing Times (17 November
1945): 751. Italics in the original.
91 Anonymous, ‘Editorial: For the good of all’, 41–2.
92 Starns, Nurses at War, 150.
93 Karen Flynn, ‘Proletarianization, professionalization and Caribbean immigrant nurses’, Canadian Woman Studies 18, 1 (1998): 57–60; Julia Hallam,
Nursing the Image: Media, Culture and Professional Identity (London
How African-Americans shape their collective identity through consumption
Virág Molnár and Michèle Lamont
, Boston MA, Beacon Press.
Fisher, C. (1996), ‘Black, hip, and primed (to shop)’, American Demographics,
Fiske, J. (1994), ‘Radical shopping in Los Angeles: race, media and the sphere of consumption’, Media, Culture and Society, 16, pp. 469–86.
Fix, M., and Struyk, R. J. (1993), Clear and Convincing Evidence: measurement of
Innovation by demand
discrimination in America, Washington DC, Urban Institute Press.
Frazier, E. F. (1957), Black Bourgeoisie, New York, Free Press (reprinted 1997).
Gans, H. (1975), Popular Culture and High Culture: an analysis of
that in the 1970s those who claimed to
use skill, usually male, were far more likely to read both racing pages and the specialist racing press. See D. M. Downes, B. P. Davies, M. E. David and P. Stone,
Gambling, work and leisure: a study across three areas (London: Routledge and Kegan
Paul, 1976), p. 136.
Philip Corrigan and Paul Willis, ‘Cultural forms and class mediations’, Media, culture and society, 2:3 (1980), 306.
Horseracing and the British, 1919–39
28 See Downes et al., Gambling, work and leisure, p. 24.
29 Ross McKibbin, Classes and cultures