Open Access (free)
Legitimization and limits of Mughal military violence in early modern South Asia
Pratyay Nath

This chapter explores how the Mughal Empire legitimized its perpetration of military violence in early modern South Asia. It begins by highlighting that Mughal imperial discourse laid great emphasis on the dispensation of justice as the cornerstone of kingship. In turn, this allowed the empire to conceptualize the waging of war and the committing of violence as necessary means for establishing a just social order under the paternal guardianship of the emperor. Within such an ideological framework, war and violence were thought of more as a moral compulsion than a matter of princely whim or dynastic ambition. The chapter also studies the nature, purpose, and effects of military violence perpetrated by Mughal armies in the course of campaigns during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It argues that the scale of this violence was always limited by the urge of the Mughal emperors to project themselves – in both discourse and actuality – as the embodiment of just, tolerant, and caring universal sovereigns. The chapter concludes by assessing the role of military violence in Mughal empire-building and by comparing the Mughal case with other polities of early modern Eurasia.

in A global history of early modern violence

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance. Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum, ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in activities not officially classed as war.

Open Access (free)
Animal, mechanical and me: Technologies that alter subjectivity
Gill Haddow

implantable medical devices) and becoming an ‘everyday cyborg’? Consider why bodily modifications alter subjectivity, especially to the inside of the human body, and whether it is dependent on the origin of organs and devices. Finally, bring social science research into dialogue with biomedical and philosophical understandings of the connection between persons and their bodies, reflecting on this relationship as a fluid and dynamic experience whereby embodiment is always ambiguous. I will be drawing on various philosophical and sociological theories about the

in Embodiment and everyday cyborgs
Writing on the body
Dana Mills

registers of the term sic and its use throughout the book, while releasing/​turning towards other dance and political theorists who have considered the relationship between dance and writing. Two books in particular have discussed inscription within the discipline of political theory and embodiment theory. Carrie Noland’s Agency and Embodiment:  Performing Gestures/​Producing Culture discusses the communicative power of gesture and reinstates embodied discourses in a performative setting. She argues that gesture is a phenomenologically independent world constructed

in Dance and politics
Open Access (free)
Simon Smith, Jackie Watson, and Amy Kenny

frameworks used to comprehend sensory experience. Dugan also asserts the significance of each individual’s unique embodiment of sensory experience, arguing that ‘individual bodies sense specific phenomena’ divergently. In order to study the senses in context, then, we must also interrogate the ‘shifting interface between individual cognition and shared material environments’, remaining cautious about flattening individual sensory encounters into undifferentiated models of collective experience.7 In the same article, Dugan locates a separate, salient concern for sensory

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660
One Billion Rising, dance and gendered violence
Dana Mills

reception of the movement’s message, a moment of sic-​ sensuous. The chapter starts from a movement that tries to explicitly intervene in public spaces and positions women’s bodies in protest against the degradation of women and girls around the world. The chapter ends in the individual resisting body that may not take on board One Billion Rising’s message tout court. Nevertheless, the fractured body will respond to the call to oppose the marginalisation of female embodiment in its own way. Thus the chapter examines the reoccupation of space through dance on a dual level

in Dance and politics
Open Access (free)
Coreen Anne McGuire

dangerous drug use. We have almost no understanding of how usage of such devices impacts on individual interoception, embodiment, anxiety or cognition of sensation. Related concerns are growing about how the data these devices generate will be stored and used in the future, especially by the state. The kind of data embedded in spirometric standards and in the artificial ear was recoverable and available in archives, but this is unlikely to be the case in the context of private commercial companies used in nationalised contexts. Indeed, an influential think tank has

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Yehonatan Alsheh

sublime or of the shattering loss of all faith in a benevolent Almighty, and any other possible formulation. Bataille’s speculative analysis of the relations between death, its embodiment in the corpse and the political phenomenon of sovereignty well exceeds the use Kristeva made of certain ele­ments in his theory. However, Bataille appears to suggest tracing the politi­ cal back to its alleged religious underpinnings, not only explaining away the coupling of the systems by understanding the political social system as epiphenomenal to the religious social system, but in

in Human remains and mass violence
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

embodiment, ethics, affect, and ontology (Ahmed and Stacey, 2001; Clough and Halley, 2007; Garber et  al., 2000; Koivunen, 2001; 2010). Furthermore, it coincides with what Robyn Wiegman (2014) has termed the reparative ‘turn’ in queer feminist criticism. However, the history and routes of the concept’s travels are much longer and more complex. Invoked in the 1980s in the fields of moral and political philosophy (Goodin, 1985; 1988; Nussbaum, 1986), the concept subsequently travelled across disciplines:  from sociology and social policy studies (McLaughlin, 2012; Misztal

in The power of vulnerability