been shot while deployed – one who was sleeping with a
married woman, and another who had favoured one ethnic group over another in his
work. ‘The danger wasn’t that ,’ he said,
miming a military stance and cocking a rifle. ‘It was human. It’s more
about navigating the social and political terrain.’ 31 Another told us:
I worked in Iran and had to wear a headscarf there …. My scarf kept
slipping and I was put under house arrest by the police because I
The concept of 'margins' denotes geographical, economic, demographic, cultural and political positioning in relation to a perceived centre. This book aims to question the term 'marginal' itself, to hear the voices talking 'across' borders and not only to or through an English centre. The first part of the book examines debates on the political and poetic choice of language, drawing attention to significant differences between the Irish and Scottish strategies. It includes a discussion of the complicated dynamic of woman and nation by Aileen Christianson, which explores the work of twentieth-century Scottish and Irish women writers. The book also explores masculinities in both English and Scottish writing from Berthold Schoene, which deploys sexual difference as a means of testing postcolonial theorizing. A different perspective on the notion of marginality is offered by addressing 'Englishness' in relation to 'migrant' writing in prose concerned with India and England after Independence. The second part of the book focuses on a wide range of new poetry to question simplified margin/centre relations. It discusses a historicising perspective on the work of cultural studies and its responses to the relationship between ethnicity and second-generation Irish musicians from Sean Campbell. The comparison of contemporary Irish and Scottish fiction which identifies similarities and differences in recent developments is also considered. In each instance the writers take on the task of examining and assessing points of connection and diversity across a particular body of work, while moving away from contrasts which focus on an English 'norm'.
Building on earlier work, this text combines theoretical perspectives with empirical work, to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions of Russia. It also assesses the impact of these different institutional arrangements on democratization and federalism, moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratization at the local level and to the study of federalism in Russia.
Ethnicity and popular music in British cultural studies
Sounding out the margins: ethnicity and
popular music in British cultural studies
In their discussion of the development of British cultural studies,1 Jon
Stratton and Ien Ang point out that the ‘energizing impulse’ of the field
has ‘historically … lain in [a] critical concern with, and validation of, the
subordinate, the marginalized [and] the subaltern within Britain’ (1996:
376). Accordingly, many of the field’s principal practitioners have paid a
considerable amount of attention to questions of ‘race’2 and ethnicity in
and through dress and appearance. The classed other is seen as posing a potential threat to both
the respondents’ children’s happiness and educational achievement.
As we also saw in Chapter 3, the assumed source of the problem
with unruly children is bad parenting. In this chapter, the focus is
placed more specifically on the parents’ discussion of ethnic diversity,
arguing that parents were more likely to consider diversity in general
as something related to race or ethnicity rather than class, and this
kind of diversity is often welcomed. However, what ethnic
Social reproduction of youth labour market inequalities
The social reproduction of youth labour
market inequalities: the effects of
gender, households and ethnicity
Jacqueline O’Reilly, Mark Smith and Paola Villa
Young people have been disproportionately hit by the economic crisis. In
many European countries, unemployment rates have increased faster for
youth than for prime age groups (O’Reilly et al., 2015). Vulnerability to
the risks of poverty and precarious employment has been compounded by
increasing economic inequalities and the rise
time (see Green 2009).
In Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia–Herzegovina (BiH), the shifting urban frontline that united and separated the city’s neighbourhoods was an expression of the
violent dispute over borders in the former Yugoslavia. During the 1992–95 war,
a process of ethnic displacement meant that the frontline functioned as an ethnic
threshold across which Sarajevans experienced (forced) mobility or immobility.
In the aftermath of the conflict, the Inter Entity Boundary Line (IEBL), with its
administrative separation of Sarajevo and Serb Sarajevo, replaced
settlement since 1990. It analyses the impact of diﬀerent cooperative organisations
on conﬂict management, both directly and via the changes in governmental policies towards ethnic conﬂict and the identities which fostered it. Of special interest are the current policies of the ‘external’ powers (Russia, Turkey, Iran and
western countries) and the possible changes in their policies towards the region,
which might promote the construction of a regional security community and, as
a consequence, conﬂict management in the Caucasus.
A high conﬂict potential in the Caucasian
remains the mouthpiece of the Vlaams Blok, which looks at the current affairs through nationalist glasses’ (VBM 11/97).
For a free and Flemish Flanders!
Flemish independence is and always has been the most prominent topic in
the VB’s literature, both externally and internally oriented. Moreover,
(Flemish) nationalism has always been the most important ideological feature. According to its party programme ethnic nationalism (volksnationalisme) is ‘based on the ethnic community being a naturally occurring entity
whose cultural, material, ethical and
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith
at peace-building in the former Yugoslavia 2 by focusing on the challenges to
efforts to bring lasting stability posed by democratisation, ethnic
nationalism and the promotion of security.
peace-building roles in Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia
The deployment of the NATO IFOR to
Bosnia in 1995 in the wake of the Dayton agreement and associated UNSC
Resolutions marked the beginning of the Alliance