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The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio

features of the state seemed limited to a short-term and deferential approach to finance capital and to the informal practices of employers (Banyuls and Recio, 2009). The state was also relatively inegalitarian in terms of labour market policies and inclusiveness for a long period of time – committed to a highly gendered and hierarchically paternalist view of work and the role of women (Lopez and Santos del Cerro, 2013). Yet the first decade or so of the post-Francoist years saw the development of a system of formal collective and individual rights which underpinned

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
City DNA, public health and a new urban imaginary
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos

individual rights. It is also a space in which time is embedded in geographical practice (as Schwanen and Nixon discuss in Chapter 4 ). Public health systems always balance what is plausible in the immediate present with what might be possible in the near and distant future. These sorts of trade-off and the instabilities of complex systems are as true in cities of the global south as they are in the global north. In this sense health features prominently in ‘development policy’ in the cities of the global south that constitute an increasingly significant proportion of

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Open Access (free)
John Mceldowney

direction a more rights-orientated public law will lead to. There are some words of caution. While conceding, as everyone must, that human rights are intrinsic to a democratic system, there is room for consideration of the boundaries of judicial power as a custodian of rights. What degree of self-regulation should be exercised by judges when they are granted such overarching powers? How should decisionmakers be advised to achieve good decisions when individual rights may serve to inhibit risk-taking and the development of sound long-term strategies? The substance of the

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

hand. The tension within liberal democracy – of individual rights embedded in a socioeconomic context of unequal access to resources – continues to haunt throughout all the debates on entitlements. Newly democratizing nations and old democracies both are sites for the struggles for the democratization of politics. Finally, we also need to emphasize the importance of comparative work so that women can view, analyse and perhaps use strategies for enhancing women’s participation in politics across the boundaries of nation-states. The debates on citizenship – in the

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González and Desmond King

ideologies competed to win dominance (Stears 2001). 234 AREAS Another characteristic of standard accounts of the United States’ political development to liberal democracy is their teleological form (Gerstle 2001). In this view, the United States shifted from a condition of imperfect individualism, the imperfections commonly reflecting discrimination against individuals because of their association with certain groups, to one of formal equality of individual rights, and in some accounts to multiculturalism. This influential version of the transformative narrative

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Neil Macmaster

-independence state 375 past community that obscured elaboration of a clear ideology or political project, so acting to the detriment of universal and individual rights, a process in which women were the greatest losers.26 The dynamics of this failure can be most clearly traced through the post-independence blockage of reform of the marriage and family laws. The failure to carry out reform of the personal status law Some feminists have argued that to centre on legal reform and individual rights is to impose a western model that may obscure, as ‘declension narratives’ claim, the

in Burning the veil
The social sphere
Ami Pedahzur

of satisfaction with the degree of the State’s democracy, immigrants’ levels of satisfaction (particularly those from the West) were much lower. In response to more specific questions, e.g. regarding the protection of civil rights in Israel, native-born Israelis expressed very high levels of satisfaction in comparison with immigrants (75 per cent of the Israelis strongly agreed that individual rights are respected in Israel, in contrast to 50 per cent of immigrants). These findings were replicated and found even more prominence over the issue of equal rights in

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Volker M. Heins

modern conception of freedom’ (Habermas 2002 : 205) by pitting the protection of individual rights against safeguarding collective ways of life, and by giving precedence to the latter in certain cases of conflict. Nevertheless, Habermas accepts Taylor's initial diagnosis that entire groups of citizens can grow alienated even from a democratic state, because the diverse and fluctuating

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

welcomed by settlers, who were keen to exercise their individual rights and to entrench their institutions; but it had serious consequences for Indigenous peoples. Their recognition of this danger often prompted appeals to the Crown to abide by British justice, forcing the British Government of the day to respond to their concerns independently of the local authorities. This increasing fragmentation of political power further

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
The paradoxes of sustainability and Michel Houellebecq’s The Possibility of an Island
Hannes Bergthaller

a less natural lifestyle 199 over-consumption might require that individual rights and democratic freedoms be substantially curtailed (Blühdorn 2011); famously, the Ehrlichs declared their support for China’s coercive one-child policy (1990: 205). Only an authoritarian state, it seemed, would be able to impose the necessary sacrifices on its citizens. Like the discourse of sustainability, neo-Malthusianism is not merely a set of descriptive statements or policy recommendations. It also touches on our conceptions of the human and its relationship to the larger

in Literature and sustainability