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Christopher T. Marsden

access barriers for end-users, providers of [CAS] and providers of [IAS]. The existing regulatory framework aims to promote the ability of end-users to access and distribute information or run applications and services of their choice. However, a significant number of end-users are affected by TM practices which block or slow down specific [CAS]. Those tendencies require common

in Network neutrality
A national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s
Duncan Wilson

-­governmental organization’.57 No politician, tellingly, spoke in favour of the current ethical and regulatory framework. Supporters of a national committee found a high-profile ally in Mary Warnock, who claimed that public interest in ‘a growing number of topics’ such as gene therapy and embryo research justified the formation of ‘a permanent royal commission with a rolling membership’.58 Writing in the British Medical Journal, Warnock endorsed a national committee that resembled the ‘monitoring body’ her committee had proposed for IVF and embryo experiments. She argued that it would

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
The evolving international financial architecture
Shalendra D. Sharma

Securities Commissions (IOSCO), and for insurance supervision by the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS). To assist emerging-market economies to develop the necessary supervisory expertise, the IMF has been given the key task of helping to improve 292 Beyond the crisis the banking system of its members. This involves carrying out more intensive surveillance of the financial sectors of member countries, as well as helping members develop their financial sector supervisory and regulatory frameworks in conformity with international standards.15 Priority

in The Asian financial crisis
Contesting the meaning of the 2015 refugee crisis in Sweden
Admir Skodo

for building housing for unaccompanied minors. When these processes were completed, there were no more minors. The resources of the municipalities had thus been wasted. (‘Receiving Refugees’, p. 263) Because the municipalities offered a radically different perspective on the basic facts presented by the state they were led to different normative conclusions. Indeed, multiple municipalities stated that the ‘greatest difficulty was not to come up with practical solutions at short notice, but rather to interpret different regulatory frameworks or the fact that these

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Open Access (free)
Environmental managerialism and golf’s conspicuous exemption
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

smaller-scale conflict – also noted by the Standing Committee – lying in the PMRA’s exclusive reliance on industry-supplied science in the registration process. There are also reports that voluntarism’s other arm – funding cuts – have reached the PMRA as well. For example, the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives recently reported that a hundred PMRA jobs belonging mainly to biologists had been affected by budgetary cutbacks (Nelson, 2014 ; also see Krupka, 2000 : 255). Canada’s regulatory

in The greening of golf
Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls and Albert Recto

developed by Rubery about labour market segmentation, this chapter discusses how this debate has materialised in Spain, and how the empirical evidence vindicates the heterodox approach. Spain is a particularly interesting case to consider these different points of view due to its high unemployment rate and the huge amount of reforms that have taken place in the labour market’s regulatory framework. We begin by addressing the main lines of argument of the neoclassical approach to explain labour market problems in Spain. We then offer an alternative perspective rooted in

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Modernisation via Europeanisation
Brigid Laffan

-up. In addition to these, priority was given to sectoral policies and EU regulation that were likely to have an impact on Ireland’s competitive position and on regulatory frameworks at national level. The Internal Market programme was thus accorded a high priority because of the weight of EC legislation and the need to prepare the Irish industry and the service sector for the competitive shock of the 1992 programme. The TEU marked a further deepening of integration with the inclusion of provisions on a single currency, the CFSP and pillar three. Rather than dislodging

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
A former founding father in search of control
Ben J.S. Hoetjes

in the 1997 swine fever crisis – but they also provide a regulatory framework which has to be taken into account at all times.25 In reality, the Union has become ‘the new roof on the Dutch house of government’. The introduction of the Euro will further stimulate this awareness. Next to the administrative adaptation, there was also a change in public opinion and party politics. A more explicit promotion of the national interest, and a focusing on financial issues was added to the traditional Dutch commitment to European integration. This change is clearly related

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
Mark Harvey, Andrew McMeekin, and Alan Warde

to the definition of a quality product. While Bergeaud-Blackler teases out the tangle of informal and local bases for the ascription of quality, David Barling, in chapter 5, attends to formal modes of regulation. He looks in detail at contemporary institutional and organisational change in the UK and the EC. Barling makes clear that food issues are politically very important, both nationally and in the EC, and he examines recent developments in the formal arrangements and regulatory frameworks for ensuring food quality. Once again, the aspect of food quality

in Qualities of food
Anna K. Dickson

. However, trade liberalisation should be seen primarily as a political phenomenon; that is, one which 47 EUD3 10/28/03 2:41 PM Page 48 Anna K. Dickson is driven by political processes and requires political will to implement. Thus EU policy both accommodates liberalisation and helps to create the rules and regulatory framework for it. In this sense the EU is inseparable from the development of the broader world trade system, particularly as the world’s largest trader. The EU on the one hand may defend its particular interests, such as the CAP, or indeed sometimes

in EU development cooperation