Emmanuelle Strub

cause of death among aid workers? While that was probably true in the 1990s, the logistical management of vehicle pools, driver training and respect for traffic rules (speed, seatbelts and car maintenance) had improved, as the ‘Aid Worker Security Database’ ( Humanitarian Outcomes , n.d.) demonstrated. Moreover, I found only a few car accidents in our archives, though it was likely that not all the incidents had been reported. In fact, one of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

different groups’ opinions and positions’ ( MSF-OCA, 2009 ). Principles such as neutrality don’t exist in and of themselves: they need to be interpreted, translated and actively performed. One security guideline for DRC explains: ‘Even if MSF principles are properly respected in the field according to our own standard, they also need to be perceived as such by the population and actors that are able to inflict harm on our staff and patients.’ In short, MSF ‘needs to proactively communicate’ its principles through staff’s everyday behaviour ( MSF-OCB, 2018 ). In this way

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

). 10 From ‘ mayi ’, which means ‘water’ in Swahili. Militia groups active in eastern DRC who recruit locally, claim the right to armed self-defence, and are reputed to use fetishes that make them invisible to bullets. 11 Article 48 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, introduced in 1977, states that ‘[i]n order to ensure respect for and protection of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

fines for violating Ebola regulations and punishing resistance. Nevertheless, members of the District Ebola Response Committee argued that these measures were ultimately accepted because of respect for the authority of the chieftaincy: ‘Our people do not know government… it is only the chief they know’. In January 2016, however, the District Ebola Response Committee was faced with an unexpected challenge: a confrontation between young people and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

mothers of teenage and grown-up children, grandmothers and mothers-in-law. Some of the women in this study, like Marwa, have grown-up and younger children. What matters to us here is that all our interlocutors are at a stage of their life where they have secured a respected and influential position within multigenerational families. NGO reports claim that up to one third of refugee households in Jordan are ‘female-headed’ ( CARE, 2016 ). Here, we present a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

individual staff, building a strong culture of trust, consultation and respect at all levels in workforce management and staff relations are of vital importance’ ( ibid .; 2017: 60). Difficulties in recruiting and retaining staff and ‘building a strong culture of trust’ will only increase in light of ongoing financial pressures and concomitant organisational reforms. In particular, as I have argued elsewhere ( Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, 2016a ), now that both UN refugee agencies are physically present in and operating in Palestinian refugee camps – UNHCR is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

, and they thus played a big role in turning this political conflict into a humanitarian issue [ Heerten, 2017 : 83–104]. Marie-Luce: They were also key players in bringing and touring journalists in Biafra. We often remember the work of the public relations agency, Markpress, hired by the Biafra government in that respect, but the Holy Ghost Fathers and the missionaries in general acted very much as ‘mediators’ in the field between the journalists and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

fantasies, projected onto them by white colleagues. 16 These women are likely to be further marginalised on account of their nationalities, as ‘local’ or ‘third-country nationals’ rather than expats or ‘internationals’: [W]e are most times deployed in settings which [are] deeply patriarchal or where men do not respect women ... In general terms, yes, black women who report the case are not handled in the same way as a white woman … So

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

: ‘Internally, we had to keep grilling, and this is unfortunate, because it might have alienated the relationship between [local staff on the ground and us], the trust that has to exist. You know, we are here in Turkey and very comfortable.’ It signifies the experience of moral dilemmas among the advocacy and media staff, who on the one hand wanted to disclose the extent of violence their local staff faced, and on the other hand wanted to respect their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

implementing partners about the challenges and lessons learned (lest these emerge only in final reports or by external evaluations). As Bennett et al. argued, there has been an ‘over-use of “good practice”, particularly with respect to ownership and harmonization, at the expense of field knowledge and engagement that was required (and welcomed) from 2005 onwards’ ( 2010 : xx). Projects have routinely introduced best practices from other countries and contexts, sometimes because of the lack of available information and sometimes because the organisation opted not to obtain

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs