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Kosovo and the outlines of Europe’s new order
Sergei Medvedev and Peter van Ham

Kosovo has called in question the orthodox understanding of what European security is all about. Perhaps appropriately, coming as it does at the beginning of a new millennium, ‘Kosovo’ testifies not only to the opening of a post-Westphalian era where aged notions such as sovereignty and territoriality have become uncertain, but to a potential post-Clausewitzian era in which ‘hard’ military power as the straightforward

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
A discourse view on the European Community and the abolition of border controls in the second half of the 1980s
Stef Wittendorp

fixtures. As Alison Mountz argues, ‘borders are always in a state of becoming, their conceptualization remains provisional in nature’ (Johnson et al. 2011 : 65). Accounts of bordering also moved away from the idea of borders as strictly territorial markers of state sovereignty. Borders are considered legal, social, political, and cultural markers that emerge across and inside territories (Parker and

in Security/ Mobility
Eşref Aksu

’s territorial integrity and political independence, the paragraph unambiguously conveyed the UN’s primary normative objective, namely protection of the Congo’s (external) sovereignty. From the perspective of the Second and Third Worlds, the key question was that of independence. The only relevant ‘enemies’ of territorial integrity were foreign powers with (neo)colonial ambitions. SC Resolution 145 remained the

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Eşref Aksu

international peacekeepers implied an infringement of Cambodia’s sovereignty. The most that Phnom Penh was prepared to accept was a 600-strong mission, with its role limited to observation of the ‘external’ aspect of the conflict, that is, the Vietnamese withdrawal. On 5 April 1989, a joint declaration by Phnom Penh, Vietnam and Laos called for supervision by the International Control and Supervision

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
Reflections in a distorting mirror
Christoph Zürcher

of state sovereignty. One night of NATO bombing has achieved what ten years of nation building had not: a remarkable consensus between the public and the classe politique has emerged. Leaders and public have become close as never before, united in the vociferous condemnation of NATO’s operation. They agree that NATO (for the Russians, basically an instrument of US hegemonic ambitions) has finally

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Eşref Aksu

sovereignty, human rights and socio-economic development. Authority, on the other hand, was conceptualised in a four-dimensional way, to encompass the depth and breadth of peacekeeping functions, the requirement of consent, the UN’s normative competence to make judgements, and the implementation of decisions. Within this conceptual framework, we developed an analysis of the collective expectations of the

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Analysing the example of data territorialisation
Andreas Baur-Ahrens

. National routing initiatives In the empirical part of this chapter, I analyse data territorialisation and the resulting changes in power relations. The trend of data territorialisation, often called ‘data sovereignty’, 2 is defined by Dana Polatin-Reuben and Joss Wright ( 2014 : 1) as ‘a catch-all term to describe different state behaviours towards data generated in or passing through

in Security/ Mobility
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

realists, threats are predominantly military threats; their sources are primarily external states; and their targets are the state, either at its boundaries, i.e. its territorial integrity, or at its core, i.e. its very existence or sovereignty. For the liberals, the threats include military and non-military threats, indeed ranging widely to economic, environmental and ideological threats; their sources

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

political framework agreement providing for substantial self-government for Kosovo, taking full account of the Rambouillet accords and the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the other countries of the region, and the demilitarization of UCK. Negotiations between the parties for a settlement should not delay or disrupt the

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Open Access (free)
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

lead to unfettered independence. Criticism and counter-criticism Supporters of the nineteenth-century precedent point to many commonalities with today’s landscape. As Gary Bass has argued: 3 All of the major themes of today’s heated debates about humanitarian intervention – about undermining sovereignty … about altruistic or veiled imperialistic motivations

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century