Martin D. Moore

intervene in clinical judgement, given the poor quality of information available and the strength of anxiety that interference would generate backlash from both the public and the profession alike. 5 Instead, until the 1980s, state bodies and central professional advisory agencies sought to confront the issue of costs through improved service monitoring systems, and by encouraging clinicians to use institutional and comparative data to reform their own practices. These efforts began in the early 1950s. During these years, the CHSC sponsored the King's Fund and Nuffield

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Arthur B. Gunlicks

rules of classification “an irregular and monster-like state body.”134 It consisted of more than 300 states when Napoleon entered the scene but, following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (the First Reich) in 1806 and the many consolidations brought about by the pressure of Napoleon and his German allies, only thirty-nine remained. The Confederation which they formed in 1815 could be said to constitute “Germany” culturally, but it was no “nation-state” like France or even a “state.” Not until 1867, with the formation of the twenty-two-member North German

in The Länder and German federalism
Patrick Doyle

-operative Society limped through the next decade harried by problems before it passed into the receivership of a semi-state body, the Dairy Disposal Company (DDC), in 1930. By 1936, a DDC employee recommended the dissolution of Rathmore Co-operative Society, describing it and others like it as, ‘to all intents and purposes failures’. 159 The general purpose society receded on the list of IAOS priorities as it looked to rebuild its creameries and capture the attention of an incoming Irish administration. The IAOS focused again upon the interests of the producer and the efforts to

in Civilising rural Ireland
Patrick Doyle

upon the everyday lives of rural people. 11 Applying this insight to Ireland reveals how a popular understanding of the state formed at the point of the local co-operative society for rural inhabitants. Dairy farmers attended their creameries on a daily basis to supply milk and relied upon it as a source of income. The government created the Dairy Disposal Company (DDC) in 1927 as a means through which a congested creamery sector might be rationalised and reorganised. The establishment of this semi-state

in Civilising rural Ireland
Open Access (free)
Melanie Giles

(particularly poaching), murders and suicides, in what had become a desolate and liminal spot. In Scotland and Ireland in particular, this era is marked also with victims of conflict and religious persecution (Cowie et al. 2011 ). Those that still lived in some harmony with the bog often found themselves vilified, castigated and cleared, to the profit of private landowners or more recently state bodies. The relative desertion of the boglands attracted nefarious and sometimes violent incidents but by this time, most raised bogs or mires had been under the spade or the

in Bog bodies
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

This section provides, in the style of a dictionary, explanations of significant political events, groupings and developments.

in The politics today companion to West European Politics