What contribution to regional security?
Panagiota Manoli

settlement of all disputes by the means and in accordance with the principles set out in the CSCE documents’.7 The signatories committed themselves to resisting aggression, violence, terrorism and lawlessness in order to restore peace and justice while relying, as a basis of their common understanding, on the general principles of the UN Charter and Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. The BSEC defines security in a comprehensive way, referring not only to its military dimension, but also to political, economic and social factors. Consequently, in order to

in Limiting institutions?
From Afghanistan to Iraq
Kerry Longhurst

. One of the many effects of that day was the emergence of a fundamental difference between US and German perspectives regarding the use of force and how best to combat the sources of global terrorism. The transformation that US foreign policy underwent after (and arguably even before) September 11 brought into focus the peculiarities and continuities present within German security thinking. The Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 80 30/06/2004 16:25 Page 80 Germany and the use of force next section discusses at some length the evolution of US

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

security might continue to come under threat. Such contingencies could arise from regional conflicts or instability due to ethnic and other tension inside one country or between MUP_Torbion_08_Ch8 170 22/9/03, 1:53 pm A new NATO 171 countries; or they could be external, from the south or from the east, especially in an era of modern missile technology, weapons of mass 2 destruction and terrorism. Second, should a new alliance take the place of NATO? NATO members, and in particular the United States, concluded that it would be easier and cheaper to build on

in Destination Europe
Catherine Baker

the Croatian journalists interviewed in 2006 by two Slovenian media scholars about how they had reported Croat war crimes against Bosniaks replied through discourses of the ‘We had to fight against Islamic terrorism’ type, with one commenting, ‘I think that Croatia had to fight against Islamic terrorists like America or the West … it is well-known that most of the Bosniaks are Islamic fundamentalists’ (Erjavec and Volčič 2007 : 14). Another recontextualised Croatian war aims in Bosnia as a campaign to prevent al-Qaida, specifically its then deputy leader Ayman al

in Race and the Yugoslav region
From the ‘militant’ to an ‘immunised’ route?
Ami Pedahzur

, in the direction of the ‘immunised’ pole by the very fact that, for the first time, the objective and powers of the Shabak, as well as the means of accounting for its actions, will now be more clearly defined. 2 Another step in the same direction can be detected in the Ministry of Justice’s repeated efforts to address state policy regarding the ‘incitement to violence’ offence and confine it to a legal framework, thus replacing the Ordinance for the Prevention of Terrorism and other widely used administrative measures. In the summer of 2001

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Russia as ‘a Europe apart’
Andrew Monaghan

-Herzegovina for one year from December 1995, for instance, and joined NATO’s Operation Active Endeavour in the Mediterranean. Indeed, NATO and Russia drew up a lengthy list of cooperative projects. This included a counter-terrorism plan in 2004, and a range of cooperative exercises in civil defence and emergency management, theatre missile defence, nuclear materials management and

in The new politics of Russia
A discourse view on the European Community and the abolition of border controls in the second half of the 1980s
Stef Wittendorp

possible unemployment facing border guards was a marginal issue in the EC context. A predominant concern of the member states, various MEPs, and the Commission, while willing to remove obstacles to facilitate flows across the EC, was how to address crime, drug trafficking, terrorism, and immigration in the absence of border controls (European Parliament 1985a : 234; European Parliament 1985b : 247, 249

in Security/ Mobility
Open Access (free)
Publics, hybrids, transparency, monsters and the changing landscape around science
Stephen Turner

response blogging, which blurs the line between academic criticism controlled by the journal system and sheer opinion. He gives the example of a blog response to the questionable claim by NASA to have found microbes on Mars, to which NASA declined to respond. But recent events have shown this blurring to be more pervasive. There is the long-running (and much despised by scientists) practice of blogs criticising the claims of climate science, together with the example of ‘methodological terrorism’ practised by critics of the work of Princeton psychologist Susan Fiske in

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

reward to terrorism. Still, it has been a huge leap forward, made with an eye to the EU: the reforms were practically the EU stipulation to start accession negotiations with Turkey. Future developments will tell whether these Turkish moves will be reciprocated by Europe and the West. If positive, Turkish society will become more pluralistic, open, and liberal minded. If negative, radicalism, introversion, religionism, and excessive nationalism will rule the day in Turkey. Time will tell

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
UK and Swiss initiatives to open up animal laboratory research
Carmen M. McLeod

‘more forthright about the fact that without animal research, the bio-pharmaceutical sector cannot continue to innovate new treatments’. However, Sir Mark Walport, former head of the Wellcome Trust, denied that complacency among scientists had led to falling 62 Science and the politics of openness public support. He blamed a continuing ‘environment of intimidation’, which, at its most extreme, constituted ‘terrorism’ (cited in Campbell, 2012). This variation in responses illustrates the continuing tension for the AR community in both seeking out support and trust

in Science and the politics of openness