Cinema, news media and perception management of the Gaza
it terrorist ’. 32
The emphasis on Hamas, not Israel, as a terror
organisation that causes suffering to civilians also enables a shift of
responsibility for the killing, as can be seen in an account given by an
Israeli history student, Sophie Tal, featured on the BBC website, in
which the killing of Palestinian civilians is justified as a response to
Journalism practice, risk and humanitarian communication
Jairo Lugo-Ocando and Gabriel Andrade
entering the continent and the links that public discourses established
between them and issues such as terrorism and rape – widely exploited by right-wing populist politicians and media – have
created a climate of fear. Indeed, a major Ipsos MORI survey across
twenty-two countries worldwide provides an insight into attitudes to
immigration and the refugee crisis. This study highlights that six in
ten people across these countries
‘my government let me stay for two years and then they said they wanted me
home and I said I can’t because I’m in the middle of a terrorism trial, I want to finish it, and they said, fine, but you’re going to have to give up your job [back
home], so I had to quit’ (I48).
The impact of forced or voluntary short-term commitments is threefold.
First is the problem of recruitment. It is already difficult to get qualified judges
and lawyers to leave their homes, families and jobs to come to a conflictaffected zone. Such difficulties are made worse by expecting
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson
global governance missionaries’ (Hozic, 2006: 244).
Customs is also seen as a way of preventing the spread of organised crime to
Western Europe (Bruggman, 2001) and is further seen as another check
against the threat of terrorism in the post-9/11 world (Chaflin, 2006;
Heyman, 2004; Megoran, Raballand and Bouyjou, 2005; Walsh, 2006).
However, customs assistance has not always had the desired effect and besides
not bringing the expected economic benefits (Bartlett and Samardzˇija, 2000),
the agenda of installing a modern customs agency based on neo-liberal
cooperation and integration, environment, drugs, terrorism, consultation
on global issues, and cooperation projects.
The Declaration of Rome was not a surprise; the conference in Rome
had been called in order to institutionalize this forum (Ayuso 1996). It could
be argued little improvement in the relations resulted, apart from discussions and promises to cooperate, which tended to remain unrealized. The
role of the EU–Rio Group relations is better understood from the point of
view of the EU’s interests in the region. Given the low level of EU interest
in Latin America, the
issue the Parties should consider appropriate to discuss in their Political Dialogue: Particularly, on the grounds of peace
and stability, prevention of conflicts, confidence and security building measures, promotion and protection of Human Rights, democracy and the Rule
of law, sustainable development taking into account economic, social and
environmental dimensions, common action against drug trafficking and
related felonies, arms trafficking, organized crime and international terrorism.
This statement makes it clear that Mercosur felt that the
The management of migration between care and control
towards the Mediterranean, which arises from the
EU’s construction of the region based on geopolitical considerations and
threat perceptions. 13
As Cebeci and Schumacher argue, securitisation refers to the state of
exception where everything else is subordinated to the logic of
security, commonly expressed through the rhetoric of the threat of
terrorism, illegal immigration, energy disruption, the rise
114 Peter Hart, The IRA at War, 1916–1923 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 34–37.
115 Daly, First Department , 78.
116 Peter Hart, The IRA and its Enemies: Violence and Community in Cork, 1916–1923 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 81–82.
117 The Burning of Irish Creameries’, Manchester Guardian , 30 October 1920, 11.
118 ‘Terrorism in Kerry’, The Kerryman , 30 October 1920.
119 C.C. Riddall to R.A. Anderson, Dublin, 6 October