Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

10 Frontier gentlemen’s club: Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology Vladimir V. Mihajlović Histories of archaeology show that our disciplinary knowledge has immensely diverse origins, in terms of its interactions not just with other fields of scholarly inquiry, but within the field of archaeology itself. Routes of communication exist outside ‘regular’ academic channels and have a great influence on the production and transmission of disciplinary knowledge. Knowledge that is now perceived as canonical has often been conceived through contacts made outside

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Neil Macmaster

across Algeria, the corpus provides an in-depth view into the life of one locale, a rural war zone that experienced the full brunt of conflict as well as welfare reformism and emancipation. A second source of information about Bordj Okhriss can be found in the extensive army and civil archives for this area.20 The overall aim here is not so much to engage in a close critical examination of Garanger’s oeuvre but to use the region in which he was located as a case-study, a starting point, from which to illustrate the difficult and often violent conditions faced by

in Burning the veil
Open Access (free)
The ‘revolutionary journées’ of 13 May 1958
Neil Macmaster

Spanish Republic, were laying plans to topple the government by an airborn invasion of Paris. On the evening of 13 May General Massu, commander of the armed forces in the Algiers region, took control of the situation by announcing from the balcony of the General Government to the huge and excited crowds of Europeans packed into the Forum below, the intention to form immediately a CSP.4 During the twenty-three days between 13 May and 4 June, when de Gaulle made his triumphal appearance before delirious crowds of pieds-noirs, the large open space of the Forum, which was

in Burning the veil
Alex J. Bellamy

Portal agreed that the Slavs probably originated from the Carpathian region but did not give any credence to the idea that separate groups took different routes to the Balkans.16 However, Ferdinand Schevill offered an entirely different geographical starting point for the Slavs – the marshes of Ukraine.17 Given these disagreements, we cannot simply accept that the Croats were either an indistinguishable Slavic group intermingled with the rest or (if we accept Vladovich’s account) an identifiable group that took an alternative route to the Balkans. Furthermore, several

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Sweden and the lesser powers in the long eighteenth century
Erik Bodensten

Cruz, Chapter 7 below. For a very useful overview, see Peter H. Wilson, ‘The German “Soldier Trade” of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: A Reassessment’, The International History Review XVIII.4 (November 1996), 757–792. 3 This relationship is clarified in Wilson, ‘The German’. 4 Ingrao, The Hessian Mercenary State, pp. 127–128; Wilson, War, pp. 77–84, 89. 5 Christopher Storrs, War, Diplomacy and the Rise of Savoy, 1690–1720 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. 103–118; Wilson, ‘The German’, 771–773; Christopher Storrs, ‘The Savoyard Fiscal

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
Open Access (free)
Jenny Edkins

wearing, EDKINS 9781526119032 PRINT.indd 127 22/02/2019 08:34 128 change and the politics of certainty some almost worn out. As he describes it: ‘For some reason I focussed on the marching shoes and I realised how worn out they were and I began to imagine how far these people had walked.’15 He spoke to a couple of mothers he knew, and used their shoes to explore the idea he had.16 Text from the relative would be engraved on the sole of the shoe. The letters would be reversed. The sole would then be covered in ink using a roller, and then pressed carefully onto a

in Change and the politics of certainty
Thomas Robb

if Britain cut its projected Public Sector Borrowing Requirement (PSBR) for the financial years 1976–77, 1977–78 and 1978– 79. The IMF wanted to see a reduction in the UK’s PSBR from a projected £12 billion to a figure in the region of £9 billion by FY 1978–79. This policy was designed to deflate the British economy and restore borrowing to levels that would be deemed ‘credible’ by international markets.6 Callaghan, however, believed the IMF’s proposed PSBR reduction was too high because it would lead to increased unemployment and, moreover, fail to resolve the

in A strained partnership?
Stephen Mitchell

of the analogical ethnographic argument to historical western European materials, although generally well regarded, 9 has not been without its difficulties. One obstacle has been the frequently insurmountable differences between the realities of highly localized observations within a small community and the uncertainties of reconstructed, region-wide events that present additional, special complications, such as the involvement of

in Witchcraft Continued
Open Access (free)
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

identification. To start with, there is a case to be made why existing theories of integration, even when taken in a complementary manner, fall short of capturing the dominant character of the relationship between the region (Union) and the subunits (states/substate system/citizens). A first attempt to answer this question is that Mitrany’s functionalism, Haas’ revised version of it (what was conveniently labelled as ‘neofunctionalism’) and the various federalist-inspired approaches to European integration, ranging from the American model of ‘dual federalism’ to the ‘co

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Conflict continues
James E. Connolly

certain areas of Lille. The leaflet stated that the suffering experienced by the local population was God’s punishment (out of love) for the sins of France –​sins of legislators acting with a criminal folly in pursuing secular policies, sins of children sent to secular schools, sins of electors voting for men ‘without religion’23 (a nod to the socialist gains in the region). When Charost was confronted with this leaflet by the Acting Préfet, he denied all knowledge of its existence, promising to stop further leaflets from appearing and to punish the person responsible

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18