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Amikam Nachmani

no industrial, and certainly no modern industrial, infrastructures. Thus, for example, while the Republics accounted for 90 percent of the Soviet Union’s raw cotton production, 93 percent of the cotton was processed elsewhere. Even in such factories as existed, the technicians, engineers, administrators, and even assembly-line workers were mostly Russians, Ukrainians and Belorussians, the locals, as a rule, being barred from such highly sensitive jobs. The result of all this was, as the Soviets indeed intended, that the Republics, industrially and technologically

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Jenny Edkins

drinking and bring him home, and her work as a young girl in the Lancashire cotton mills. After her mother died, at the age of 48, the family moved to the seaside town of Lytham St Annes. Mary also died relatively young, nursed by my grandmother through a long illness, and Martha died in childbirth. Annie married a Catholic, and bore four surviving children, one of whom is my godmother and still lives in Lytham, where I was born, with her children and grandchildren. The only one of my grandmother’s siblings I met was Uncle John, who, until his death, lived in the

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‘To prune and dresse the Tree of Gouernment’

Political and contemporary contexts of the Shows

Tracey Hill

Paster assumes when she writes of ‘the clear atmosphere of the communities of praise’ and of an absence in the Shows of any ‘ambivalence about urban life’.16 In themselves, as a starting point, the mayoral Shows’ nostalgia and reification of the past were ideological strategies, attempts to fend off what was perceived by the City’s great livery companies as an undesirable decline in their power and influence. As Hentschell has written in relation to the cloth trade, there was ‘in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, a recurrent strain of loss and nostalgia

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Making the most of opportunity

The economy of makeshifts in the early modern north

Steven King

attempts to cut back the scale and cost of the relief list, something which becomes more generalised after 1820. Ultimately, however, the system appears to have coped moderately well with the three types of poverty which dominated the ‘national’ picture – endemic, trade-related and life-cycle.7 Indeed, for many access to poor relief had become a ‘right’ by the later eighteenth century, and overseers had to tread a sensitive path between the competing demands of economy and customary treatment of different groups of poor people. Little surprise, against this backdrop

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Amikam Nachmani

publicized visits to Iran, Malaysia, Algeria and Libya. Interestingly, Erbakan likened his return from Tripoli to no less than the homecoming of a victorious Roman tribune. In Tehran he clearly failed to contain the Kurdish issue on the basis of Muslim brotherhood; Iran has not stopped granting facilities to the PKK. 26 Similarly, nothing substantive emerged out of the November 1996 twenty Muslim countries conference that Erbakan had organized. Neither was the D-8 bloc, launched in Istanbul in 1997, any more of a success. The idea was to promote trade and economic

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Xavier Raufer

shops in London and companies in Hungary, Germany and Norway. In Italy itself Gashi established close professional links with the Ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia. It was a case of importing cargoes of drugs into Italy; his associate Avni I. Ademer, a wholesaler specialising in trade with Turkey, every day hid tens of kilos of heroin in his containers of nuts and cotton goods, etc. Gashi lived the high life in a luxury villa on the outskirts of Milan, but nevertheless, as a good ‘patriotic bandit’ did not forget his country. ‘When war broke out in Kosovo’, as Carlos De

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Sabine Clarke

East Africa Fisheries Research Institute (Jinja, Uganda)   East African Institute of Social Research (Makerere College, Uganda)   Cotton Research Station (Uganda)   Virus Research Institute (Entebbe, Uganda)   East African Insecticides Research Unit (Arusha, Tanganyika)   East African Agricultural and Forestry Research Organisation (Kenya)   East African Veterinary Research Organisation (Kenya)   East African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Research and Reclamation Organisation   Filariasis Research Unit (East Africa)   East African

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Amikam Nachmani

:GNP ratio, which though it had fallen from 105.5 percent in 1996 to 100.7 percent at the end of 1998, was still among the highest in the EU; reduce the textile and agriculture sectors’ share in the country’s GNP, which at 21 percent was much larger than that of other EMU members (agriculture accounts for 2.4 per cent of the EU’s entire GNP); and curtail cotton production in line with EU policy (fast replacing other crops, cotton has become a growth industry of vital importance to the Greek economy). Greece had also to cut the prime interest rate from 10.75 per cent to 3

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Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

Ship Canal Company. Quick and Redford were joined in the inner circle by Ronald Brierley, a retired insurance broker, formerly the deputy chairman of Sedgwick UK Ltd., who became Treasurer in 1983. Quick, Redford and Brierley all had distinguished war records, Brierley having served in Special Operations and been awarded both the Military Medal and the Croix de Guerre. John Zochonis, Chairman of Council from 1987 to 1991, was a generous philanthropist who presided over the family firm of Paterson Zochonis, a trading company first established in Sierra Leone in 1879

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Janet Wolff

Constable sketch. But it is, of course, people who create a neighbourhood, and during the sixty years I have known Didsbury it has always been blessed with a great variety of people of all income levels and occupations ... It has had a sizeable Jewish community since the last century due to Sephardic settlement when the city was cotton king of the world. It has also always attracted teachers, journalists, writers, musicians and others in the entertainment world, including the BBC ... If you believe in the ‘genius loci’, the spirit of a place, then the Didsburys of this