essential guidance as health educators, but ultimately, as one practitioner signalled in his book The Western Way of Death , it was a case of ‘your life in your hands’.
In The Wellness Syndrome (2015), Cedeström and Spicer reflect on contemporary ‘prevailing attitudes towards those who fail to look after their bodies. These people are demonised as lazy, feeble or weak-willed.’
Relaxation, as a
As in 1954, though, the British media focused on other issues. Much was made, for example, of the conditions of work commonly experienced by British European Airways (BEA) pilots prior to the accident. In November 1972, The
Times published an article detailing the complaints made by Captain Stanley Key before his death. In the weeks preceding the incident, Key complained to others about the length of his working days and his ‘lack of free weekends’.
Daktar Binodbihari Ray Kabiraj and the metaphorics of the
nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body
Projit Bihari Mukharji
for each of the three doshas . The chapter on vayu , for instance, is framed as a conference of sages where different sages offer distinct definitions of vayu without contradicting each other. Thus one sage describes vayu as ‘Rough, light, great, cold, sharp, and elaborate – these are the six normal qualities of Vayu’. A second sage, without in any way contradicting the former, has this to offer: ‘The Lord Vayu is the primal cause of creation, the cause for the rise and demise of the mortal and immortal, he is the dispenser of joys and sorrows, he is death, he
serial measurements as guides in blood volume replacement’, The Lancet , 288:7464 (1966), 611; P. N. Dixon, ‘Work of a nurse in a health centre treatment room’, BMJ , 4:5678 (1969), 293; ‘Death of Proplist’, The Lancet , 296:7679 (1970), 918; D. Corless, ‘Diet in the elderly’, BMJ , 4:5885 (1973), 160; ‘Do anticoagulant drugs prevent complications?’, BMJ , 4:5888 (1973), 352; V. Kempi, W. Van der Linden, and C. Von Schéele, ‘Diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis with 99m Tc-streptokinase: a clinical comparison with phlebography’, BMJ , 4:5947 (1974), 749; H. Brown
more distinct public health view of alcohol problems started to appear. This was prompted by a marked growth in alcohol consumption during the 1960s and 1970s, and with it an increase in alcohol-related illnesses such as cirrhosis of the liver.
Alcohol consumption almost doubled between 1950 and the mid-1970s, rising from 5.2 litres of pure alcohol per person to 9.3 litres.
Deaths from liver cirrhosis increased from just over 20 per million in 1950 to more than
, depression takes hold of us and joins the prime saboteurs of our health and our peace of mind’. It was only, McNulty concluded, by recognising that misfortune ebbs and flows, and that death is the ‘natural destiny of all living things’, that patients could either regain control or find peace.
Given McNulty's role in both the BDA and the Diabetic Journal , it was unsurprising that his address was reprinted in the Journal for members not in the room. Indeed, the talk chimed with
demand. Two incidents in particular are highlighted: an epidemic in Coventry in 1957; and the death of the professional footballer Jeff Hall in 1959. The chapter ends with the introduction of oral poliomyelitis vaccine and the end to these long-running supply issues.
As well as covering demand, the rhetoric around polio vaccine exposes other themes that we have already encountered in the 1950s and 1960s vaccination programmes. The general climate of demand was welcome, but the government was consistently worried about pockets of apathy shown by
Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s
academic lawyer Ian Kennedy. Since
the late 1960s, Kennedy has written on medical definitions of death
and mental illness, euthanasia, the doctor–patient relationship and
the rights of AIDS patients. In line with the ‘hands-off’ approach of
lawyers, Kennedy’s early work stressed that decisions should rest
solely with the medical profession; but this stance changed after
he encountered bioethics during a spell in the United States. In
1980 Kennedy used the prestigious BBC Reith Lectures to endorse
the approach that he explicitly labelled ‘bioethics’, critiquing
of Joyeux, who gave us a great deal of trouble, desired me to write to his father that he had died the death of a hero
and, when I pointed out “Nous ne sommes pas encore à ce point-là”
was quite hurt. Him, I did manage to see again, being very noisy in
another ward.’8 Another patient, who ‘was proud of his command of
the English language, kept crying pathetically for hours: “Seestair,
seestair, elevate me – I cannot respire.” ’ Tayler explained to him that
the nature of his wound meant that he must lie flat, but it took some
time to convince him of this.9
in Furnes, well behind the front-line trenches. From here, its drivers
went out on nightly missions to rescue the wounded from the Battle
of the Yser and the First Battle of Ypres.35
The author of A War Nurse’s Diary offers deliberately graphic
descriptions of the war wounds she encountered while working with
severely damaged patients in forward field dressing stations. She
describes standing by ‘grievously stricken men it is impossible to help,
to see the death-sweat gathering on young faces, to have no means of
easing their last moments’, adding: ‘this is