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Relations between the European Union and Mercosur

trade. If it is considered as one single economic unit, there is little doubt that it has become, since the last enlargement, the biggest trading bloc in the world. As a result, its potential hegemonic power, based on the capacity to grant or withhold access to its internal market, has become as strong as the US. (Meunier and Nicolaidis 2005: 265) If the EU is such a powerful actor that it is comparable to the US, then we must consider whether the EU will compete with the US. This is a central question in the debate and the answer seems clear in the literature. For

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:

contention that one is faced with a complex legal problem 39 which may or may not be resolved on an ad hoc basis. A second question is where to place the threshold for intervening with or without UN authorization: on systematic human rights violations (such as systematic discrimination akin to apartheid or ‘internal colonialism’), on something more grave, such as so-called egregious crimes (i.e. ethnic cleansing, war crimes, crimes against humanity), or only at the level of mass

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century

53 3 Counterpoints, critiques, dialogues A challenge for the field of contemporary civilisational analysis is to rethink heterogeneity, plurality and differentiation in terms of porosity. Interaction between permeable civilisations on different scales and across different dimensions invigorates heterogeneity. If anything, civilisational analysis has yet to benefit from efforts to unearth regular patterns of interaction and gauge the results from long-​term rhythms of engagement on the endogenous dynamics of civilisations. The relational model proves to be the

in Debating civilisations

made negotiation of the agreement less complicated. This chapter is divided into three main sections. The first section will examine the first part of EMIFCA at the level of the EU directives. The focus will then move to the EU–Mercosur negotiations. This is followed by an analysis of both the role and interests of the various key actors involved in this process. EMIFCA’s negotiations at the internal level: EU directives EU policy-making towards Mercosur took on a new dimension after the signature of the EMIFCA in Madrid on 15 December 1995. It is important to

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
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Redefining security in the Middle East

West and elsewhere) that have been excluded from mainstream analysis. Moreover, our intention is not simply to transport concepts and debates emanating from mainstream IR to the Middle Eastern context, but to capture the complex interface of global and local dialogues as they pertain to the changing circumstances and indigenous understandings of conflict in this region. Our focus is squarely on the

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Lessons for critical security studies?

very particular European context, starting with the loosening of the internal borders in the then European Community as a result of the Schengen accords largely contributed to the development of reflections on security, circulation, and mobility. Largely informed by this political context, the medium- and long-term impact of enlargement processes on issues of external and internal security, especially

in Security/ Mobility
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One way to Europeanisation

2444Ch15 3/12/02 15 2:06 pm Page 355 Maria João Seabra Portugal: one way to Europeanisation Introduction: from enthusiasm via Euro-pessimism towards active support Portugal joined the European Communities in 1986, following a process of negotiations that had lasted eight years. The request for membership was made in March 1977, at a time when the country was still deeply engaged in the process of democratic transition. Internally, the European option was considered to be decisive to the consolidation of democracy. Shortly after the 25 April 1977 coup d

in Fifteen into one?

3 European Union policy-making towards Mercosur Introduction The EU is not a state and is not a traditional international organization. It is common to characterize it as a hybrid system with a federal component, but nothing comparable exists at this point in time. To understand EU policy-making towards Mercosur it is important to understand the internal system of the EU, its internal policy-making and the internal system of Mercosur, particularly given that Mercosur has tried to replicate the institutional design of the EU. Since its creation in 1957 in the

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:

2504Chap3 7/4/03 3:53 pm Page 48 3 Ethnic conflict and Eurasian security Stuart Kaufman What role does ethnic conflict play in Eurasian security affairs? Just breaking this question down into its component parts uncovers a vast array of apparent influences. Ethnic conflict is, first of all, clearly a cause of internal conflict and insecurity, as demonstrated by the problems in Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Cyprus, Georgia, Chechnya and Mountainous Karabagh. Furthermore, it is a key cause of international security problems, as the above list of ethnic civil

in Limiting institutions?
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Postcolonial women writers in a transnational frame

effectively carried out by way of a comparative and symptomatic reading of two differently placed writers (both previously introduced in this book), who share transnational, or at least translocal, and nationalist preoccupations: the Zimbabwean Yvonne Vera and the New Delhi-located Arundhati Roy. Placing the two in dialogue as regards these preoccupations will achieve two main aims. First, it will implement what I have already alluded to as the interactive, cross-border dynamic of postcolonialism. Second, it will encourage ‘the crucial articulation of sameness and difference

in Stories of women