(Pontusson, 2005). In virtually
no other area can the balance of power shift as quickly as in the employment
system, which is not without consequences for state action. While education
and welfare systems, which are largely state-dominated, often exhibit considerable durability and path dependency, the same does not necessarily apply to
Making work more equal
industrial relations. As a result of the deregulation of product and labour markets, free trade agreements, the privatisation of state activities, the transfer of
functions from highly unionised plants to
Conceptual and ethodological challenges for comparative analysis
Agnieszka Piasna, Brendan Burchell, Kirsten Sehnbruch and Nurjk Agloni
relations, policies, participation or equality in
income and job distributions) are often used interchangeably and without clear
definitions. This inconsistency reflects the complexity of the whole issue of quality of work. There are not only multiple facets of jobs that should be taken into
account, but also multiple levels on which jobs can be analysed, ranging from
a subjective evaluation of a particular working environment to broad labour
market systems in which jobs are performed. Furthermore, the definition of
job quality and the selection of facets of employment
hierarchies with the aim of providing high
availability and security. I argue that data territorialisation
including national routing and storage requirements contributes to a
general trend of cyberspace centralisation. Furthermore, I analyse the
proposed changes to the Internet infrastructure with regard to power
Power and its analysis is an important part of mobility
Diversification and the rise of fragmented time systems
Labour Organization), pp. 41–64.
Campbell, I. (1993), ‘Labour market flexibility in Australia: enhancing management prerogative?’ Labour and Industry, 5:3, 1–32.
Campbell, I. (2008), ‘Australia: institutional changes and workforce fragmentation’, in Lee,
S. and Eyraud, F. (eds), Globalization, Flexibilization and Working Conditions in Asia and the
Pacific (London: Chandos), pp. 115–52.
Campbell, I. and van Wanrooy, B. (2013), ‘Long working hours and working-time preferences: between desirability and feasibility’, Human Relations, 66:8, 1131–55.
Carré, F. (2016
and emotional conditions depending upon
heavy doses of inequality, coercion and moral conditioning. The corporatist version would be more solidaristic, but might still make reproductivity depend upon a strict distribution of fixed roles across a conditional,
hierarchical and familialist set of social relations. In short, just as there are
free-market, corporatist and social democratic versions of productivism,
so there could be free-market, corporatist and social democratic versions
Yet just as social democracy is the preferable version of the
universalism (to which
they are not necessarily opposed) can be embodied in marketrelations,
because markets treat everyone the same. Conversely, some on the Left
have been critical of universalism in theory, but not necessarily in
practice. They allege that universalism has either neglected or even
suppressed a spectrum of social identities, categorical boundaries and cultural boundaries by implicitly treating white, heterosexual, able-bodied
men as the normative ideal (Butler, 1990). This does not mean that universal services should be abandoned, merely that universality
, within the innovating firm it is
increasingly likely that cost centres and other forms of ‘market’ mechanism
will have been introduced, so that one department may have to sell its services and other output, literally as well as figuratively, to another. Departments are now linked by market-type relations as well as by hierarchical
management structures. This was also the case in Nimrod (and Hermes).
At the same time, there has been an increasing tendency towards partnerships between organisations, including between potentially competing
firms, in the production of
ascriptions of quality alters the relations
between the actors. In this book we have directed comparatively little attention up-stream. Marsden is an exception, in that he explores how quality is
associated among producers in Wales with expensive local niche produce.
Academics sometime succumb to the same temptation to consider quality as
that which is not mass produced, to forget that consistency and low cost are
attributes which appeal positively to a large section of the population. But in
terms of producers appealing to niche markets – a practice which can only
Israeli security experience as an international brand
sociale geografie 96(5): 506.
Kimmerling, B., 1993.
‘Patterns of Militarism in Israel’, European Journal of
Sociology 34(2): 196–223.
Krahmann, E., 2008.
‘Security: Collective Good or Commodity?’, European
Journal of International Relations 14(3): 379–404.
Leander, A., 2005. ‘The
Market for Force and Public Security: The Destabilizing Consequences of
run away from, according to their own accounts, is the desperation that those
women express and not their age or biological clock. This very desperation is what makes
them run—screaming—straight to the young breasts of twenty-year-olds. (Lior 2007)
As these extracts demonstrate, the value of single women is determined by the
evaluative gaze of men, a gaze which objectifies them according to their age. Moreover,
the ageist and sexist market rules of supply and demand produce hierarchical age relations. The cultural preference for younger single women is also set in