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Welfare reform and the ‘Third Way’ politics of New Labour and the New Democrats

, Labour’s welfare-to-work programme has been the centrepiece of this welfare reform drive – and of Labour’s attempt to mark out a new ‘Third Way’ for the Centre-Left. But some (for example, Cammack, in chapter 8 of this book) see New Labour’s US-influenced welfare reforms as marking a consensus, not a break with the New Right. This chapter examines whether a policy strategy based

in The Third Way and beyond

17 Pollution levels in local lakes in Denmark Norbert Steinhaus Context The Danish Society for the Conservation of Nature (DN) of Frederikssund is a local committee of a national NGO working towards protecting nature and the environment. DN Frederikssund addresses local issues regarding the protection of nature and the environment to achieve local sustainable development. It initiates local campaigns, participates in political hearings and comments on the municipality’s environmental strategies and plans. In the mid-1990s, DN Frederikssund became aware of

in Knowledge, democracy and action

but not exclusively in Latin America. It is sustained by the myth of drug addiction and searches for ‘cures’ and ‘treatments’ that belie the fact that it is our everyday conditions of living which is the problem. Different governments, many of which have actively ignored the plight of millions of those caught up in the Drug War, such as HIV sufferers, fight the War on Drugs on many fronts. These governments increasingly choose surveillance strategies to police the bodies and minds of their populations. In the post-11 September 2001 political climate, the

in Changing anarchism
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The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

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Governmental power and authority in democratic ecological governance

, the Swedish Government seems to be busy building this new structure without totally compromising traditional lines of authority. In terms of effective pursuit of sustainability, one could of course say that this is an appropriate strategy. The competence, overview and co-ordination necessary for relatively swift production of management plans and concrete measures are already vested in the Regional Administrations and the local governments. It would seem that autonomy is less well off than is sustainability in the directives for water governance presently discussed

in Sweden and ecological governance
Criteria for ecologically rational governance

1997:63 ff., 114 ff.). To get acceptance for this double strategy, however, proponents of ecological modernisation must convince industry and the public that this is a ‘win-win’ solution dissolving the perceived conflict between economic growth and environmental protection (Cohen 1998:150). Using language that harmonises sustainability with orthodox economic imperatives, politicians preach that ‘pollution prevention pays’, bringing industry to find anticipatory development of 2579Ch1 12/8/03 12 11:46 AM Page 12 Sweden and ecological governance green technology

in Sweden and ecological governance

and materials saved, all detract from sustainability (see Jänicke et al. 1999:128). The strategy of increased resource use efficiency is actually directed towards ‘beating time’ by decreasing the input of resources to provide the same or a larger output of goods and services. This would make possible the transfer to the next generation of a sustainable society with leeway for autonomous choice without sacrificing present welfare. Linked to this strategy is a specific view of the relationship between economic growth, social welfare, and ecological sustainability, viz

in Sweden and ecological governance
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Precedents to sustainability in nineteenth-century literature and culture

, remained in the cultural background until the late twentieth century, Grober suggests that the practical connotations raised by the Romantic conception of a living, powerful nature were buried under a competing, increasingly dominant free-market liberalism. For example, the briefly Sustenance from the past 37 fashionable doctrine of cameralism had advocated State-administered strategies for achieving sustainable self-sufficiency in the supply of food and raw materials via measures like environmental improvement, reclamation or the indigenous cultivation of

in Literature and sustainability

directly responsible and fully accountable for ensuring that their policies, programmes, and budgets support development that is ecologically as well as economically sustainable. (WCED 1987:314) The Commission’s words point towards two different but interrelated problems of ecological governance. One problem concerns effectiveness and efficiency. Ecologically rational governance for sustainable development is then seen as a conscious use of strategies to achieve ambitious ecological objectives through policy integration, striving for ‘a lasting, systematic and

in Sweden and ecological governance
Sustainability in Kim Stanley Robinson’s Science in the Capital trilogy

alternative approach to climate change helps clarify the demands that contemporary images of the future place upon our societies and on us as individuals. It also helps us think around the complexity of sustainability through a narrative form that translates speculation about the future into an imagined experience of living in the immediacy of abrupt climate change and of working towards the goal of sustainability. In many cases, the strategies and policies explored in these texts are stop-gaps, bridges towards sustainability that aim to preserve a lifesupport system that

in Literature and sustainability