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all spheres of social life. The emergence of a political, corporate, societal and academic discourse of flexibility has become a highly visible everyday face of the globalisation debate. Flexibility, as featured in the statements of international economic institutions, national governments and corporations (see, for example World Bank, 1995; OECD, 1996; Beatson, 1995; Department for International Development, 2000), has become a multifarious concept and a universal panacea. It is presented as synonymous with deregulatory government, lean production and the flexible

in Globalisation contested
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Common right, parish relief and endowed charity in a forest economy, c. 1600–1800

means to relieve themselves, there being little work to set them on, but by flocks go roving up and down the forest, parks and inclosed grounds near unto them to the great hindrance of all who have cattle and woods’.46 For the poor migrant to the forest, therefore, custom came to be regarded not as cohesive but rather as a restrictive ideology, one of the structural constraints within, and around, which survival tactics were perforce developed. What is especially striking about this complex economic equilibrium is the sheer endurance of the forest itself. Despite a

in The poor in England 1700–1850
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women on political tactics suggests an even more important role for clothing than that of label or price tag. Clothing is not simply an announcement of identity; it is part of identity, not an external addition, but an organic component. The clothing does not simply adorn or express the human identity, it contributes to constituting and creating it. The importance of clothing as one of the first and most evident components of cultivated identity has long been recognised, and it is pleasantly appropriate that it was Woolf's nephew Quentin Bell who

in Cultivating political and public identity
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Crisis, reform and recovery

their exposure.” Thus, Indonesian banks were faced with an unhedged funding mismatch between borrowing short-term offshore in foreign currency and lending long-term in rupiah. This mispricing of foreign credits, combined with the increased supply of funds in the global financial markets, contributed to 129 The Asian financial crisis very large capital inflows and created vulnerability for firms with substantial foreign-exchange exposure. In addition, domestic firms and corporations found short-term foreigncurrency loans appealing, since they carried relatively lower

in The Asian financial crisis
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Crisis, reform and recovery

the entry of many new merchant banking companies during 1994–96. From 1994 to 1996, a total of 24 finance companies were made into merchant 184 Korea: crisis, reform and recovery banking corporations, which meant a corresponding increase in the number of participants in international financial markets, because merchant banks were allowed to engage in foreign-exchange transactions, while finance companies were not. During the same period, Korean banks opened 28 foreign branches, which gave them greater access to foreign funds. These banks borrowed heavily in the short

in The Asian financial crisis

all direct negotiations with Turkey. In 1987 the Greek Socialist government took steps to nationalise the North Aegean Petroleum Company (NAPC) and to have the state-owned Public Petroleum Corporation extend explorations of the area. Turkey again sent a research ship and warships to the area and a conflict was only avoided through NATO calls for restraint. The seriousness of the crisis led the then Greek and Turkish Prime

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
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Resistance and the liberal peace: a missing link

exclusive domain of the powerless, it seems that resistance may have different connotations and implications, when it is done in the realm of government against international donors, to the resistance peasants may offer against certain economic agreements affecting land distribution. Even so, Richmond’s and Mitchell’s volume is one of the few that looks consistently at resistance. However, although the editors offer an overall theoretical framework that draws on Michel de Certeau, the chapters discuss too wide a range oftactics’ to be able to systematically link them to

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

could adapt to the new security environment it now faces. For the most part, the United States relied on conventional military tactics supplemented by special forces. For United States military planners, therefore, the challenge is to think in very different ways about warfare. The United States is no longer involved in conflicts in which industrial or technological superiority is the simple key to victory. On the contrary, it has to confront enemies for whom traditional notions of victory and defeat mean very little so long as they can continue to inflict pain on the

in Limiting institutions?
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of various groups in society (especially labour and capital) by organising ‘corporations’, largely based on professional or economic groups (such as doctors or vine growers), and having these represented in a deliberative body under the firm control of the state. In 1939 it replaced the Chamber of Deputies. Fascist movements elsewhere in Europe were impressed by the apparent success of Germany and Italy in conquering

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Approaching golf and environmental issues

conditions effectively provided further rationale in the post-war years for the deployment of highly impactful course management tactics. This is where we build from Wheeler and Nauright ( 2006 ) in outlining the arrival of Augusta National syndrome, named after the Augusta National golf course in Augusta, Georgia, home of the annual Masters men’s golf tournament. With the televising of golf, Augusta’s seemingly unblemished course aesthetic was widely disseminated. The outcome – or at least the perceived

in The greening of golf