determined to work through for themselves an idea of
life after colonialism. If for the domestic British decolonisation was
something which occurred ‘elsewhere’ – overseas and
out of sight – then the Caribbean experience may provide a partial
exception: it happened, had those in the metropole only been able to
see, before their very eyes.
In recovering these traditions of intellectual thought we
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips and Shurlee Swain
, the massive legacies of colonialism in the social
and economic sphere continue to challenge the different sense of
community that is now being built in the new South Africa.
R. Bartlett, ‘Citizens Minus: Indians and
the Right to Vote’, Saskatchewan Law Review , 44
(1979–80), p. 189
Subcontinent, 1765–1856 ,
Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1978; Charles Batten, Pleasurable
Instruction. Form and Convention in Eighteenth-Century Travel
Writing , Berkeley, University of California Press, 1978;
Sara Mills, Discourses of Difference. An Analysis of
Women’s Travel Writing and Colonialism , London,
Routledge, 1991; Dennis Porter, Haunted Journeys. Desire and
poor resulted from attempts to understand the anachronistic presence
in the modern metropolis of a population that defied modernity. 101 It was
historically coterminous with the emergence of a distinctly modern
colonialism characterized by a ‘coherently
“anthropological” mode of typifying natives’. 102 In this
endeavour race was originally an analytical category with which human
culture could be
of the British government (p. 44).
5 TNA, CO 852/1037/1.
6 TNA, CO 852/874/5.
7 TNA, CO 852/874/5.
8 Havinden and Meredith, Colonialism and Development , pp. 253–255.
9 TNA, CO 295/642/4.
10 National Archives of Trinidad and Tobago (NATT), Box 6, no. 4, “Report of the Economics Committee, 1949”.
11 K. Meighoo, Politics in a Half-Made Society: Trinidad and Tobago 1925–2001 (Kingston: Ian Randle
it the prospect of
emancipation from colonialism. As Jarrett-Macauley states:
She was invited to broadcast morale-boosting
talks on West Indians and the war effort: ‘The empire at
war and the colonies’ went out on 1 April 1940 and
‘West Indians’ part in war’ later that month.
She ended one broadcast: ‘I am
neither much tainted by its conditions of production nor transformed
by the pragmatics of colonial encounters and struggles’
(Nicholas Thomas, Colonialism’s Culture. Anthropology,
Travel and Government , London, Polity Press, 1994, p.
Thomas Beames, The Rookeries of London. Past
47 TNA, CO 927/88/6.
48 TNA, CO 847/36/4.
49 Lee and Petter, The Colonial Office, War and Development Policy , p. 171; Havinden and Meredith, Colonialism and Development , pp. 204–205; S. Clarke, “A technocratic imperial state? The Colonial Office and scientific research, 1940–1960”, Twentieth Century British History 18(4) (2007), 453–480.
50 TNA, CO 852/588/2; Lee and Petter, The Colonial Office, War and Development Policy , pp. 171–172.
51 M. Worboys, “The
Second World War: a career in the making”, Canadian Journal of History 16 (1981), 68–85.
10 TNA, CO 852/588/2.
13 C. Whitham, Bitter Rehearsal: British and American Planning for a Post-War West Indies (Westport: Praeger, 2002), p. 38; C. Fraser, Ambivalent Anti-Colonialism: The United States and the Genesis of West Indian Independence, 1940–1964 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994), pp. 59 and 64.