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War, Debt, and Colonial Power
Tim Di Muzio and Richard H. Robbins

the Second World War. Over time, arguably, debt has become a more effective tool of wealth transfer and social transformation than war—though, of course, the two are intertwined in complex ways as the origins of the permanent public debt in England make clear. Since we cannot hope to provide a comprehensive study in such a short volume, what we intend to do is examine what we think are some of the most insightful and significant aspects of debt being mobilized as a technology of organized differential power. We begin by examining how the imposition of imperial

in Debt as Power
Johan Östling

nation had a future, it was not as a political great power but as an intellectual one. In their present situation, the Germans were – with an echo 1  Wolfgang Schivelbusch, Vor dem Vorhang: Das geistige Berlin 1945–1948 (Munich, 1995); Jörg Echternkamp, Nach dem Krieg: Alltagsnot, Neuorientierung und die Last der Vergangenheit 1945–1949 (Zürich, 2003). Parts of this chapter build upon earlier texts of mine: Johan Östling, ‘The Regeneration of the University: Karl Jaspers and the Humboldtian Tradition in the Wake of the Second World War’, in The Humboldtian Tradition

in Humboldt and the modern German university
Mark Jackson

betrayed long-standing beliefs in the responsibility of wives and mothers to subjugate their own health concerns for the welfare of their families. His argument that menopause constituted a dangerous age not only for a wife and mother, but also more importantly for her husband and children, was not unusual, and was often repeated on both sides of the Atlantic. 79 In the context of widespread concerns about rising levels of divorce and the breakdown of conventional social values before and after the Second World War, it

in Balancing the self
Massacres, missing corpses, and silence in a Bosnian community
Max Bergholz

, DHR.indb 15 5/15/2014 12:51:04 PM 16  Max Bergholz particularly those of their relatives, neighbours, and fellow fighters, and the ebb and flow of mass killing. The community in question lived in the Kulen Vakuf region of north-western Bosnia, approximately 50 km from the city of Bihać. On the eve of the Second World War, the municipality of Kulen Vakuf comprised a section of the Una River valley and its surrounding hills. In the valley were Muslim villages and the town of Kulen Vakuf. Its population was nearly entirely Muslim, while in the surrounding hills were

in Destruction and human remains
Core historical concepts reconsidered
Adrian Zimmermann

’s thinking. In his ‘psychological’ revision of Marxism in the 1920s he considered exploitation as an ethical rather than an economic problem. This approach was already being disseminated by Mussolini, who shared with de Man and the German sociologist Robert Michels – a convert from syndicalism to fascism – common ideological roots in the ‘revolutionary revisionism’ of the French syndicalist thinker Georges Sorel (Sternhell et al. 1999: 310–12). Economic democracy after the Second World War The power of the trade unions was strengthened after the Second World War in many

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Towards a contemporary aesthetic
Jonathan Dollimore

misgivings within the tradition itself. Let us go back to the outbreak of another war. W. H. Auden’s poem ‘1st September 1939’ – widely invoked in relation to September 11th – offers a response to the impending Second World War reminiscent of Hesse’s to the First: Art in time of war 39 Defenceless under the night Our world in stupor lies; Yet, dotted everywhere, Ironic points of light Flash out wherever the Just Exchange their messages: May I, composed like them Of Eros and of dust, Beleaguered by the same Negation and despair, Show an affirming flame.5 Reminiscent, yes

in The new aestheticism
Catherine Baker

War – and yet the black soldiers on the Salonika Front, even alone, would show the region was not outside that genealogy (Bjelić 2016 ). The Great War is as much a part of the history of race and the Yugoslav region as the theme on which the most explicit discussions of race in the region have turned – the racialisation of ethnonational and religious boundaries that facilitated genocidal expressions of Serb and Croat ethnonationalism during the Second World War. Scientific racism and ethnonationalism before and during the Second World War

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Open Access (free)
A transnational journey of expertise
Caroline Rusterholz

‘unethical’, she returned to this method ‘in desperation as long ago as 1939’ and prescribed it for ‘cases where orthodox methods had failed, sometimes repeatedly, because of non-use or misuse’. In her view, the method was best suited for ‘feckless and hyperfertile couples’ since it was the only method ‘free of patient error’. 77 This assertion was based on eugenic considerations towards the fertility of specific women. After the Second World War and with the fear of global population growth

in Women’s medicine
Alexander Korb

area. ‘The exhumations were a dreadful task’, the general said. ‘Nobody could enter the cave because the rotting bodies stank so badly. One man who we lowered down on a rope fainted and we had to pull him out again.’ 2 It seems that the soldiers were finally equipped with gas masks. During the Second World War, up to 45 million people lost their lives.3 Almost a quarter of them were victims of targeted attacks with the intent to kill and mass murders, rather than armed hostili­ ties. While the death of the victims can be said to have been well researched, many

in Human remains and mass violence
De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant
Peter Childs

Third World fiction after the Second World War that the fictional uses of “nation” and “nationalism” are most pronounced.’ He goes on to say that, following the war, English social identity underwent a transformation based on its earlier imperial encounters. Colonialism in reverse created ‘a new sense of what it means to be “English”’ (1990: 46–7). However, Brennan does not consider what changes have been wrought on that society, what reinventions of tradition have manufactured new Englands of the mind, alongside the pronouncements of newly forged nationalist

in Across the margins