The victims' struggle for recognition and recurring genocide memories in Namibia
Vilho Amukwaya Shigwedha

’s tenure as curator (1900–​37). In 1908, as indicated earlier, Fischer, who was at the time curator of the Ecker Collection deposited in the Freiburg archives, travelled to German South-​West Africa to conduct research on the Rehoboth Basters. During that trip, he uncovered several graves near Swakopmund that he believed to be Nama burials and took some of the remains with him to Freiburg.14 Fischer was also interested in conducting research on the Bushmen, the earliest known inhabitants of modern-​day Namibia, but with whom he appears not to have made good contact

in Human remains in society
Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

beginning of 1983, the mayor of the town of Avellaneda (to the south of Buenos Aires city) initiated an administrative inquiry to establish whether clan­destine burials had been made in the municipal cemetery. This investigation established that, from May 1976, the number of bodies buried as ‘unidentified’ grew exponentially, and identified a notable characteristic relating to them: the majority of bodies labelled as ‘unidentified’ were those of young people – the aver­age age was twenty-five years – who had died from gunshot wounds. This contradicted historical trends

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Mass violence, corpses, and the Nazi imagination of the East
Michael McConnell

barbarity as they plunged the region into catastrophe. The corpses of the occupation’s victims played a key role in encouraging mass violence. As subhumans inhabiting the wilder­ ness on the edge of Nazi empire, the dead of Eastern Europe were treated in ways which broke with European traditions regard­ing death and burial. Hung from trees or left to rot in the smouldering ruins of destroyed villages, the corpses were put on display, express­ing the occupiers’ contempt and marking them as some­ thing other than human. Aside from the deliberate attempt to dehumanize the

in Destruction and human remains
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory
Rémi Korman

dismembering the corpses, by destroying them, they attacked their very humanity, seeking in this way to render any funeral rites impossible. These acts explain the appearance following the genocide of a new expression: ‘burial with dignity’ (Gushyingura mu cyubahiro).37 These bodies must be buried with dignity, buried properly, because these victims were killed wrongly, suffering a ‘bad death’ (Bapfuye nabi) – bad in the sense not only of the torture suffered by the victims, but also of the way in which their corpses were treated. This notion of bad death is an important

in Destruction and human remains
Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

6 A mere technical exercise? Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson Introduction The identification of individuals from mass grave contexts is a difficult process which is made more challenging by a variety of taphonomic and situational variables, such as cause of death, number of bodies present, disturbance of the grave, climatic conditions, and the time since death. Clothing, personal effects, and type of burial have traditionally been used as

in Human remains and identification
Regnar Kristensen

with a number three on it, perhaps as a reminder of the custom in the Los Zetas drug cartel of naming members with a number. This cartel was, at that time, collaborating with that of Beltrán Leyva. The obscene photos of the disfigured, ridiculed corpse had not, however, received many comments in the media before the next instance of bloodshed occurred one week later, to which I shall return after following the corpse of Beltrán Leyva to his grave. The burial of Beltrán Leyva’s corpse was deferred for four days since there were a number of formalities to be undergone

in Governing the dead
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

exhumation nor was there any attempt to reassemble the bones into complete skeletons. The remains gathered  – tibia, femur, and rib bones in recycled cardboard boxes, skulls in gunny sacks and plastic pails – were relocated to a temporary tomb at the Kuala Pilah Chinese cemetery, even as construction works on a permanent memorial continued apace on the same site. The use of makeshift containers to hold the remains may seem haphazard, even callous and disrespectful. However, the handling of remains does not represent a significant aspect of the burial process. According to

in Human remains and identification
The status of bodies in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge genocide
Anne Yvonne Guillou

with the people of the village. It allowed me to bring out certain spatio-temporal categories generally present in Khmer thought, and understand where, within this general intellectual framework, the brutal split constituted by the Khmer Rouge regime was situated. For among these scars on the landscape were mass graves left by the Pol Potists, with their discreet presence unnoticed by the casual traveller: burial pits scattered across the coutryside, punctuating the rice paddies, the stretches of bush grazed by water buffalo, and the land surrounding pagodas. HRMV

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West
Tony Platt

American West   17 Indians’.15 The susceptibility to disease was facilitated by policies that removed Indians from their land, banished their cultural traditions, disrupted familial relations, and tried to replace long-standing ways of understanding the world with Catholic dogma.16 The missionaries gave the neophytes a short course in Christianity before converting them en masse. But when they died en masse, they received burials fit for savages, not Christians: they are stacked ten and more deep in anonymous pits underneath the grounds and iconic buildings of one of

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
The bodyand counter-revolutionary warfare inapartheid South Africa
Nicky Rousseau

many noted little more than race, cause of death, and a rudimentary marking up of injuries on a diagrammatic representation of the body. Thereafter, the corpse (or remains thereof) would be released to the undertaker responsible for indigent burials, placed in a coffin, and buried in an unmarked pauper’s grave in the local cemetery. Much has been written of the human impulse to rescue dead and decaying matter from its material and animal origins through various rituals. Posel and Gupta suggest that ‘exceptional and demeaning’ defilement of human remains, or burial as

in Destruction and human remains