Daktar Binodbihari Ray Kabiraj and the metaphorics of the
nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body
Projit Bihari Mukharji
On modern Unani medicine, see N. Quaiser, ‘Politics, Culture and Colonialism: Unani's Debate with Doctory’, in B. Pati and M. Harrison (eds), Health, Medicine and Empire: Perspectives on Colonial India (Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2001), 317–55; S. Alavi, Islam and Healing: Loss and Recovery of an Indo-Muslim Medical Tradition, 1600–1900 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008); G. N. A. Attewell, Refiguring Unani Tibb: Plural Healing in Late Colonial India (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 2007). On modern Siddha
, Death of a Hero
(London: Hogarth, 1984 ); Graves, Goodbye to All That; Sassoon,
Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man.
47 Vera Brittain, Testament of Experience: An Autobiographical Story of the Years
1925–1950 (London: Fontana, 1980 ): 77. See also: Christine E. Hallett,
Veiled Warriors: Allied Nurses of the First World War (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2014): 1–4.
48 Mary Britnieva, One Woman’s Story (London: Arthur Baker, 1934).
49 Michelle Smith, ‘Adventurous Girls of the British Empire: The Pre-War
Novels of Bessie Marchant’, The Lion and the Unicorn
of British healthcare more
Characteristics of the city
Economy and wealth
The foundation of Bristol's historic
wealth, and consequent philanthropic dynamism, was trade. Its position as
‘a bustling gateway of empire trading’ in the eighteenth century is
well known. 9 However, a number of
historians have begun to bring Bristol's earlier trading history out from the
The hygienic utopia in Jules Verne, Camille Flammarion, and William
Bergerac ( L'Autre monde: ou les états et empires de la lune , 1657), Voltaire ( Micromégas , 1752), and Verne ( De la terre à la lune , 1865), and it draws on the tradition of literary utopianism by using the framework of a fictional account to consider an imagined world. Yet, like Bégum , Uranie also rejects the utopian tradition, as the novel offers little sense of any coherent form of society. Moreover, although the narrator is disappointed to find himself back on Earth and seems to idealise what he has seen on Mars, the portrayal of life on the other planet is
national level. Neither the German Confederation (post-1815) nor the German Empire (post-1871) passed national laws on medical jurisdiction.
Instead, the (at times more than thirty) federal states oversaw medical societies, medical boards, and professional courts individually.
The early medical societies founded in the German federal states of Baden, Brunswick, and Saxony in the 1860s, for example, included disciplinary bodies with the right to issue fines
conception of suicide, which can be characterised as ‘medicalised suicide’.
The discussion of suicide among medical professionals began in France and Britain, and soon spread to other European countries and the rest of the Western world during the first two decades of the nineteenth century. The first scientific enquiries of suicide in Finland were published in the second half of the century (at the time Finland was a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire, and remained so until independence in 1917). In 1864, psychiatrist Thiodolf Saelan (1834
industry and empire have opened up the globe to an extent unknown to his ancestors, he feels more alone in the world than ever. For all of its promise, modern science has revealed ‘almost everything except what he most wanted to discover’.
All the effort that Seekleham has spent on his own progress, has only advanced him closer to oblivion. With less than half an hour of his life remaining, he is left reclining limply on a couch, disillusioned, dissatisfied, and above all, exhausted.
As he reaches
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Fitzgerald and Callard, ‘Social science and neuroscience’, p. 16.
E. Linstrum, Ruling Minds: Psychology and the British Empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016).
C. Millard, ‘Using personal experience in the academic medical
years, the reality for Aboriginal Australians was very different. Massacres were rife throughout the country with little, if any, retribution against the offenders. Warne estimates that, at a conservative
estimate, 10,000 Aboriginal people died violently in Queensland during this time.21 Land owners who were expanding the British Empire
through agriculture and cattle development believed that the land was
theirs for the taking. They paid little or no regard to Aboriginal clans
and nations who had lived on the land for more than 40,000 years.22
There are many
Luard – a
woman with a strong and resolute character – as the victim of propaganda; and yet, like other members of her class, she was steeped in the
values of her time – values that emphasised valour, self-sacrifice, and
service to the British Empire.21
In 1915, when the First World War was still in its early stages,
Luard published her first memoir. Her book was compiled from a
series of ‘journal’ entries written for her family, and mailed home to
Birch Rectory. Luard had been an avid letter-writer since first leaving home, addressing her frequent letters sometimes