Open Access (free)
Janelle Joseph

socially constructed rules of the game, but also challenges to the socially constructed boundaries around their communities. Analysis of racialised and ethnic difference, Peake and Trotz ( 1999 , p. 5) write of Guyana, “is not simply about different people with disconnected ways of doing things but rather about unequal access to power, about the relations through which differences are produced and reified.” A range of fusions and new

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
Ciarán O’Kelly

their states. The only solidarity that works is one that appeals to strong affections for communities, in this case the nation. Conceptually, the sources of solidarity have either derived from ideas of ethnicity or from ideas of civic unity (section 2). The stories we tell are often either about common origins, or common social traditions. We may be members of the Volk or citizens of ‘the land of the free’. In section 3, three

in Political concepts
Laura Chrisman

” too’. Spivak’s rejoinder points to the political irony of three Black writers being attacked by an émigré South African critic during the era of apartheid. Her comment prompts the reader to ask what political agenda, what political priorities, drive such offensives. (pp. 229–30; emphasis added) Why is it there? It is interesting that Spivak’s defensiveness here should have recourse to the very ‘ethnic identitarianism’ to which she elsewhere is frequently opposed. Young’s preceding paragraph itself bears witness to that opposition: It is typical of Spivak that she

in Postcolonial contraventions
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Potentials of disorder in the Caucasus and Yugoslavia
Jan Koehler and Christoph Zürcher

Introduction: potentials of disorder in the Caucasus and Yugoslavia Jan Koehler and Christoph Zürcher Conflict after empire  - violence has been linked to primordial instincts, to the struggle for power and profit, to the ambitions of ethnic entrepreneurs, and most often to uncertainty and fear. Here violence is linked to institutions. It is asked which institutions foster violence, and which institutions, on the contrary, provide for procedures that turn ‘either-or-conflicts’ into ‘moreor-less’ conflicts. It is asked which institutional

in Potentials of disorder
Alex J. Bellamy

of progress. Hence, ‘the old presuppositions of modernism are losing their hold; but no one is quite sure what new ones will replace them’.3 The ‘great debate’ in nationalism studies, captured at Warwick, is one between so-called ‘primordialists’ and ‘modernists’. Put simply, primordialists argue that the nation derives directly from a priori ethnic groups and is based on kinship ties and ancient heritage. For their part, modernists insist that the nation is an entirely novel form of identity and political organisation, which owes nothing to ethnic heritage and

in The formation of Croatian national identity
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What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
Catherine Baker

Introduction: what does race have to do with the Yugoslav region? The Yugoslav region – or so one would infer from most works about the territories and identities that used to be part of Yugoslavia – apparently has nothing to do with race, and race apparently has nothing to do with the Yugoslav region. The region has ethnicity , and has religion ; indeed, according to many texts on the Yugoslav wars, has them in surfeit. Like south-east Europe and Europe's ex-state socialist societies in general, the Yugoslav region has legacies of nation

in Race and the Yugoslav region
State–society relations and conflict in post-socialist Transcaucasia
Barbara Christophe

10 Bringing culture back into a concept of rationality: state–society relations and conflict in post-socialist Transcaucasia Barbara Christophe ,   number of contributions to the vivid debate on ‘ethnic’ violence have been classified according to their underlying theoretical assumptions (Brubaker and Laitin 1998). Approaches which follow the culturalistic turn of sociology are counterpoised with more conventional concepts, based on the premises of rational choice theory. But the constant failure to relate empirical studies to one of these competing

in Potentials of disorder
Cameron Ross

FAD2 10/17/2002 5:41 PM Page 17 2 The Soviet legacy and Russian federalism, 1991–93 Russian federalism and the Soviet legacy According to the 1977 Constitution, ‘the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’ was a ‘unified, federal, multinational state formed on the principle of socialist federalism’. The federation, which was established according to the dual principles of ethnicity and territory, encompassed fifteen ethnically defined union republics, twenty autonomous republics, eight autonomous oblasts, ten autonomous okrugs, and 159 territorially based

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

also needs four other types of capability: political legitimacy; ethnic and religious tolerance; economic capabilities; and available essential natural resources. Why not include other variables discussed in the liberal literature, such as population growth rates, population migrations, environmental hazards, or even diffusion of knowledge and technology ( Holsti, 1995 : 43)? Certainly these variables

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic
Laura Chrisman

of these at once; a black Atlantic culture whose themes and techniques transcend ethnicity and nationality to produce something new and, until now, unremarked. Political energy animates Gilroy’s academic challenge. He sets out to expose the dangers as he sees it of contemporary nationalism: whether academic or popular, implicit or explicit, black or white in focus, Gilroy sees it as socially and politically undesirable. Gilroy’s concept of a black Atlantic is then offered as a political and cultural corrective, which argues the cross-national, cross-ethnic basis

in Postcolonial contraventions