Alexander Korb

transformation of Croatia into an ethnically homogenized state, and in doing so initially accepted the violent actions of Ustaša militias. What the Germans did not foresee was that, within a very short period, the violent acts of the Ustaša would set in motion a bloody civil war, marking the beginning of both effective opposition and massive counter-violence. The mistakes of German occupation policies and the ravages of the Ustaša transformed the Serbian resistance, and above all the Communist partisans, into successful movements. What had begun as unilateral mass violence on

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
The bodyand counter-revolutionary warfare inapartheid South Africa
Nicky Rousseau

, mass violence and the exiled and secret selves of a citizen-killer’, Public Culture, 22:1 (2010), 127–47, at pp. 144–5. Mbembe, ‘Necropolitics’, p. 11. Ibid., p. 25. Included in documents associated with South Africa’s chemical and biological warfare (CBW) programme were records of experiments into restricting the fertility of black people, as well as of contact with a British scientist regarding the development of a toxin that would target black people only. Also see Marlene Burger & Chandre Gould, Secrets and Lies (Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2002). See Rousseau, ‘The

in Destruction and human remains
Forensic and archaeological approaches to locating the remains of Holocaust victims
Caroline Sturdy Colls

and mass violence in Argentina, the former Yugoslavia, Kosovo, Rwanda and Iraq in particular have seen the development of sophisticated search and recovery methodologies.6 The evidence collected and examined by forensic archaeologists and anthropologists has been used in court to ensure that perpetrators are held accountable and in a humanitarian context in order to satisfy the needs of families and friends of victims wishing to know the fate of their loved ones. Likewise, in some countries (such as the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States

in Human remains in society
Rumours of bones and the remembrance of an exterminated people in Newfoundland - the emotive immateriality of human remains
John Harries

this problem by re-​establishing its presence by undertaking a form of archival exhumation, a sort of historiographic disinterment in which the unseen body is once again brought into visibility thanks to the persistence of the researcher. Those of us who are concerned with the political lives of dead bodies perhaps tend to overly focus on these processes of unearthing in which the dead are made present in the (re)appearance of their mortal remains, either as they are undertaken by others, particularly in the exhumation of histories of mass violence, or by ourselves

in Human remains in society
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory
Rémi Korman

(ICTR),40 has become one of the main instruments of the violence committed by armed militias in the Democratic Republic of Congo. As well as rape, however, a whole range of violent practices originating in specific mass crimes seem to have been exported throughout the Great Lakes region. Gaining an understanding of this process of migration of knowledge and techniques of violence is thus a priority for researchers working on the status of bodies in situations of mass violence. Notes J.-P. Chrétien, Le Défi de l’ethnisme: Rwanda et Burundi, 1990– 1996 (Paris: Karthala

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Or how to make the Armenian corpses disappear
Raymond H. Kévorkian

4 Earth, fire, water: or how to make the Armenian corpses disappear 1 Raymond H. Kévorkian In the planning of mass violence, the logistical aspects of the elimination of the corpses of victims have almost as important a place as the executions themselves. The mass violence committed by the Young Turk regime against the Ottoman Armenian population has sometimes hinted at improvisation, but works published in recent years have shown that the destruction of Armenians (and Syrians) had been organized with far more care than one might have imagined, including the

in Destruction and human remains
Alcuin Blamires

.’5 For Hopkins, while Gowther is partly ‘Everyman, who has inherited Original Sin’, the devil’s paternity is also emphatically literal: it causes Gowther to pursue a campaign of mass violence against the church and anyone in orders, thereby ‘performing a specific task at the orders of his father, the Devil’.6 It is curious that willingness to countenance symbolic meanings in the religious domain has not been complemented by much willingness to consider them in the social domain. In fact, the ‘symbolic’ value of the fiend’s paternity as interpreted by Bradstock and

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
David Deutsch

for the post-​war issue of exhumations but also for rulings relating to life and death, and questions arising during the Holocaust itself. Interestingly, the agreement on the methodological form of argumentation did not mean that the rulings were identical. 18 The research and the collection of this material was financed by the generous funding of the research programme ‘Corpses of Mass Violence and Genocide’, funded by the European Research Council. 19 Y. Chazani, ‘Bringing bones from the diaspora’, in Zomet Institute (ed.), Tchumin, vol. 13 (Gush Etzion

in Human remains in society
Chowra Makaremi

reference to forms of mass violence in which numerous people are eliminated due to their ideology or political opinion, was discussed in W. H. Moore, ‘Repression and dissent: substitution, context, and timing’, American Journal of Political Science, 42:3 (1998), 851–73; G. Sjoberg, E. Gill, N. Williams & K. E. Kuhn, ‘Ethics, human rights and sociological inquiry: genocide, politicide and other issues of organizational power’, American Sociologist, 26:1 (spring 1995), 8–19. This theme has been treated in several analytical works: E. Abrahamian, Tortured Confessions

in Destruction and human remains
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

de Mayo). Robben, A. C. G. M., 2005, Political Violence and Trauma in Argentina (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press). Robben, A. C. G. M., 2010, ‘Testimonies, Truths, and Transitions of Justice in Argentina and Chile’, in Alexander Laban Hinton (ed.), Transitional Justice: Global Mechanisms and Local Realities after Genocide and Mass Violence, pp. 179–205 (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press). Scarry, E., 1985, The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World (New York: Oxford University Press). Seoane, M. and V. Muleiro, 2001, El Dictador

in Governing the dead