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A Party of the 99% and the Power of Debt

agencies. Since debt repayment must be taken from national budgets for education, health care and poverty alleviation it is also of questionable morality. And, as the recent Ebola epidemic illustrated, the costs in devastated health systems are no longer confined to these countries. To add to this debt burden, developing countries lose about $1 trillion a year in capital flight, largely tax avoidance by multinational corporations. Third, education, health care, and childcare should be universal and free. This will be easier to accomplish in some countries than in others

in Debt as Power
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merely lofty, ideals. These ideals increasingly shape political decisions and the international scene.6 In Yugoslavia, an obvious solution for nations struggling to free themselves from decades of Communist rule was to portray themselves as victims – to appeal to a heightened sense of global responsibility and morality. While Serbs and Croats both shared a historic belief in their own victimisation as nations, I will argue that this sense of victimisation was exacerbated during the Tudjman and Milošević eras, and became a central pillar of national identity. The

in Balkan holocausts?
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same time, the social pressures on individuals were becoming more significant as society as a whole was growing more complex. Secondly, the steady decline in religious observance and in the integrity of family life threatened to create a vacuum in the Education 53 transmission of values and morality from one generation to the next. Education was increasingly viewed as a way of filling this vacuum. In summary, therefore, we can say that the second half of the twentieth century has seen a whole new set of responsibilities placed on the education system at all levels

in Understanding British and European political issues

remarkable traction, especially in the past two decades. Care ethics presents a radical challenge to dominant, rationalist approaches. It is an account of ethics which sees the basic substance of morality as located in the dispositions and practices of caring which feature so significantly in the day-to-day lives of most people around the world. Care ethics starts from a notion of the self as fundamentally

in Recognition and Global Politics
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justice or morality. In our own political tradition there is an argument somewhat like the Socratic one; it stresses not the morality of keeping agreements but, rather, the connection between a legitimately constituted government, on the one hand, and a citizen’s duty to obey the valid laws issued by such a government, on the other. This obligation is a strict one; it attaches to all laws and can be overridden, if at all, only in

in Political concepts
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(notably by the late Jim Bulpitt) that the party had won its position through its mastery of ‘statecraft’; that ‘Thatcherism’ was an election-winning platform, more than an ideological crusade. The 2001 result suggests that this view was mistaken. As Garnett argues in his chapter on ideology, whatever the differences over issues like Europe and personal morality, in 2001 the most serious handicap for Conservatives was the nature of the principles which united them. The One Nation tradition was virtually extinct, even if the parliamentary ginger group of that name

in The Conservatives in Crisis
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, it also helped to take away the social stigma which used to surround divorced women. Like the other two reforms described above, easier divorce had its opponents who saw it as a retrograde step in terms of morality and social stability. But also like the other two feminists welcomed the liberalisation of the divorce laws as a key step forward for women. In the same year the Matrimonial Proceedings and Property Act gave courts the power to grant property to divorcing women and to force husbands to make financial provision for ex-wives and their children. So, not

in Understanding British and European political issues

and evil and by rituals of enemy construction. Yugoslavia (Serbia) assumed the role of evil enemy, allegedly committing grave human rights’ violations and, in Kosovo, even genocide. The complicity of Kofi Annan’s UN appears to give the US the sovereign right to decide about global friends and enemies, in the name of a universal morality that it legislates, interprets and implements

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
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course, the Cynics were so called for their “doglike” behavior – they were indifferent to human conventions and mocked traditional morality. In modern times, however, cynicism has come to mean a more generalized indifference and even an active suspicion of the motives of others. To be a cynic now is akin to thinking the worst of others and that, I take it, is what Woodford means

in Cinema, democracy and perfectionism
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, sound political leadership, rather than liberty. It is worthwhile examining freedom as discussed by a number of major political thinkers. A brief survey will give a flavour of the debate. Plato Plato’s Republic is an attempt to establish the meaning of the term ‘justice’ and identify the characteristics of the ‘good’ state. Plato believed that freedom was bound up with self-discipline and morality. He

in Understanding political ideas and movements