The European Union and social democratic identity
Gerassimos Moschonas

national institutions and the associated difficulty in countering neo-liberal logic at the national level. Social democrats have found themselves in a nonconjunctural position of ideological inferiority both within the EU system and at the national level. 3 Overall, the EU strengthens the modern aspects of the social democratic profile, but it also contributes to the decline of its historical components. M1738 - CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 169 3/8/09 12:13:39 170 Responses to the crisis With respect to social democratic identity, the EU assumes the role of both an amplifier

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Clementsson

worded, making alternative interpretations possible. The Catholic Church chose to interpret the text so that the number of prohibited degrees was extended far beyond the wording of the Bible. From the year 1215, incest prohibitions included both consanguinity and affinity relationships up to the fourth degree. 7 In other words, a man and a woman were prohibited from marrying if they had one common relative four generations earlier. With respect to affinity relationships, a widower was forbidden to marry anyone who had

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Rainer Forst

MCK4 1/10/2003 10:24 AM Page 71 4 Toleration, justice and reason Rainer Forst In contemporary debates about the idea and the problems of a multicultural society the concept of toleration plays a major but by no means clear and uncontested role. For some, it is a desirable state of mutual respect or esteem, while for others it is at best a pragmatic and at worst a repressive relation between persons or groups. In the following, I want to suggest an understanding of toleration that both explains and avoids these ambiguities. First, I distinguish between a

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Volker M. Heins

to the ‘impending breakup’ (Taylor 1994 : 52) of a highly diverse country such as Canada. My argument in this paper is about the question whether Taylor's idea can be elaborated with respect to the world community of states and societies. I proceed in several steps. Firstly, I wish to highlight the link between recognition and the international by reconstructing Taylor

in Recognition and Global Politics
The Conservative challenge
Andrew Lansley MP

; bringing the customer through the door is the only way. A brand with values which people identify with. We now have to bring voters through the door of the Conservative Party. We have to make membership of the Conservative Party an exciting option. We have to make being a Conservative a source of interest and respect. We have to make voting Conservative a positive statement of who we are and what we want from our lives. These are hard truths about where the Conservatives are. We need to recognise our faults so that we can promote real change – that recognition is the

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Catriona McKinnon

associated with the disliked or disapproved of differences by means of force or propaganda. But a tolerant society need not be one in which people who differ from the majority in disliked or dis- MCK3 1/10/2003 10:21 AM Page 57 Catriona McKinnon 57 approved of ways are invited to participate in the major political and social institutions of that society. The political principle of toleration is negative: it demands restraint with respect to the use of state power as it affects people who lead lives disliked or disapproved of by the majority, or by those with the

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Open Access (free)
Peter Burnell

16 Conclusion peter burnell The authors of this book were invited to address a number of key questions in respect of their discipline or region of special interest, such as: What does it most have to offer a critical understanding of democratization? In respect of the disciplines, how is democratization understood and what conceptual lenses are used to interrogate the subject? In regard to the regions, what does democratization mean to the inhabitants, what has been their experience, the main constraints or limitations and future prospects? The chapters address

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Murdo Macdonald

powerful imagery that seems to reflect that culture. What is wrong with stereotypes is not that they exist (indeed they normally correspond to some aspect of reality), but that they are selective and inflexible, that is to say they fail to reflect the plural nature of any culture. A particularly interesting example of stereotyping with respect to Scottish art is the over-use of the painting by Sir Henry Raeburn of Colonel Alastair Macdonell of Glengarry. This is one of the images that has stood in for the wider body of Scottish art for many years. It is an interesting

in Across the margins
Still unique or just one in the crowd?
Karen E. Smith

human rights and conflict prevention assume much greater significance, and the EU’s policy is now ‘intended to shape the political complexion and policy preferences of recipient governments’ (Bretherton and Vogler, 1999: 136). Politicisation really began in earnest with respect to Central and Eastern Europe at the end of the Cold War, where the EU’s main aim was support for political and economic reforms. Politicisation reflects the view that sustainable development can take place only in a context of security, democracy and freedom (Council of Ministers, 1991; Arts

in EU development cooperation
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

’s ‘humanitarian intervention’ over Kosovo highlighted the normative tension between the doctrine of non-intervention in sovereign states versus efforts to promote respect for human rights that transcend state boundaries, the subsequent efforts at peace-building have revealed other normative conundrums. For NATO and other international institutions, this has made South East Europe a normative labyrinth where democracy, ‘stateness

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security