Open Access (free)
Mark B. Brown

source of legitimacy since the late nineteenth century. With the adoption of universal voting rights, citizens increasingly questioned the notion that majority rule alone could guarantee governmental virtue and competence. A potential remedy appeared in the rise of bureaucratic expertise and the administrative state, which promised a substantive form of legitimacy to complement procedural legitimacy through popular elections. But since at least the 1980s, both elections and expertise have faced widespread public scepticism. Many people do not trust experts to remain

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Some philosophical obstacles and their resolution
David Heyd

calls for overcoming natural inclinations and inborn tendencies. The main business of moral education in its traditional form has been the transmission of a set of principles of conduct, forms of judgement, beliefs and sensibilities deemed by the older generation appropriate, even necessary, for its successors. However, with the rise of liberal culture, moral education has become suspect, and its main tenets are often seen now as incompatible with the overall normative scepticism characteristic of this culture. The very right to educate, particularly in the realm of

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Open Access (free)
Philip Nanton

that I had adopted with the material reality that I experienced on the ground. My point here is that this experience armed me with a degree of scepticism about received wisdom and conventional discourse, including, for example, postcolonial theory. The experience also encouraged me in another sense – that is, to become my own organic case study. The personalised strategy adopted in this work, for

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Open Access (free)
Looking forward
Shirin M. Rai

of issues of accountability to their constituencies in their multiplicity — women’s movements and groups, academics, policy makers and activists. As the various chapters in the book reveal, women’s groups have only recently begun to shed their entrenched scepticism of ‘working with the state’; therefore, one way of ensuring that activists do not ‘give up trying to be “partners” and stick to the role of “adversaries” ’ is for national machineries seriously to take into consideration the accountability issue (Balasubrahmanyan, 1993:31–5). The legitimacy of national

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
Mark Garnett and Philip Lynch

membership of the euro for two parliaments. But as Philip Lynch notes in Chapter 8, the pragmatism of this new position and the ‘In Europe, not run by Europe’ platform masked a significant move towards Euro-scepticism. This reflected the increase in Euro-sceptic sentiment in the parliamentary party, though pro-Europeans (like Ian Taylor) were persistent and vocal critics. Europe was one of the few areas where the Conservatives were closer to public opinion than Labour, but Hague’s ‘Keep the Pound’ campaign brought little electoral reward. The ‘politics of nationhood’ are

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Open Access (free)
Alison Rowlands

legal procedure in the handling of witch-trials, a factor which was also of paramount importance in explaining the relative paucity of witch-trials in other parts of Germany.3 Torture was used with restraint and often not at all in the Rothenburg trials, thus ensuring that all accused (as opposed to self-confessed) witches were able to maintain their denials of guilt. Serious legal action was never taken against those individuals accused by self-confessed witches of having been seen at witches’ dances. This was due partly to an elite scepticism about the reality

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
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The Conservatives in crisis
Philip Lynch and Mark Garnett

Lynch and Mark Garnett multi-ethnic society, and an authoritarian individualist one associated with Euro-scepticism and English nationalism. The Conservatives should develop an integrative patriotism that fosters a sense of Britishness and presents a positive case for the Union while embracing diversity and devolution. A clearer view of the relationship between Britishness and English identity is required. This might see the Conservatives become a more explicitly English nationalist party, or one that advocates a quasi-federal arrangement that looks to rework

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Open Access (free)
Anthony Coates

result of a radical scepticism about war that has more in common with pacifism than it has with just war theory. According to Johnson, the classical view of war itself is a neutral one. It is the moral presumption in favour of justice that determines whether the response to war is a negative or a positive one. There is reason to be wary of regarding war with the kind of moral equanimity that this neutral

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Yulia Karpova

introduced me to Boris Berlin, one of the leading Danish designers and a co-founder of the well-known company Komplot Design, who started his career at VNIITE before emigrating in 1983. Berlin is closely affiliated with Designmuseum Danmark: he designed the furniture for its library and regularly participates in its exhibitions, so his visit to the museum’s café was not an accident. Hearing about my research topic, he responded with scepticism, noting that there was not much good design of household objects in the USSR. This view is neither surprising nor unique. The

in Comradely objects
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

scepticism and sometimes, as in Bristol, outright opposition of house committees to the admission of private patients is in stark contrast to the US case where Charles Rosenberg and Paul Starr have both identified the surgical staffs as driving the change, bringing their private patients to the hospital where it was more efficient and profitable to treat them. 9 There is little reason to think the same logic would not apply across the Atlantic. Yet the separation

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48