Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

example of how DNA analysis can add a complication to already extremely sensitive issues within the community. Finally, if there are several siblings in one mass grave who cannot be individually identified through a DNA profile, a post-mortem biological profile must be relied upon if individual identification is to be achieved. In some cases, such as in Rwanda, whole families were massacred and it was not possible to trace surviving family members for DNA identification purposes.32 Methods employed by anthropologists to remove the soft tissues in preparation for a full

in Human remains and identification
Christine E. Hallett

to individual siblings, sometimes to an ‘inner circle’ of close family members, and sometimes to a wider audience of family and friends. In 1915, her siblings persuaded her to have her ‘journal’ letters compiled into book form and submitted to a publisher. The result is one of the most authentic ‘voices’ of the First World War.22 Diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front, published when the war was only a year old, won glowing reviews. It begins by recounting the thrill of travelling to France from Dublin on a troopship,23 followed by the tedium of

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

can seem fairly unproblematic: (a) to save the life of a dying child by cloning him or her a genetically identical sibling, (b) to allow a lesbian couple to bear a biological child, (c) to allow a single women to have a child without donor insemination. However critics (Putnam, 1999; Wilmut et al., 2000) allege that even these apparently benign examples suggest intractable problems. In scenario (a), the cloned sibling is being treated as a means rather than as an end; in scenario (b), there may be identity problems, e.g. the child might have two biological mothers

in After the new social democracy
Siobhán McIlvanney

The narrator draws attention to the significance the articulation of identity holds for her when she determines to teach her own mother to write her name as soon as she herself learns to write. As Kessas’s dedication highlights, these daughters of first-generation Muslim women, women who are generally illiterate and unable to express themselves in French, seek to speak out against the tradition of silence in order to voice their own sense of identity and to legitimate their own life histories. In all these texts, the female siblings are more educated and fare better

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

difficult for individuals. The responsibility to choose almost universally produced expressions of anxieties from parents. Those who were least likely to express worries about the process of choosing schools were characterised not by their class, location or ethnic heritage but by having an ‘old hand’ status, having already navigated the question of high school choice with older children. Having gone through the process with an older 157 All in the mix child also often provides the security of an assured place through the preference given to siblings by most state

in All in the mix
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

thought if we were to actually isolate him more and put him into a 86 Choice, what choice? private school, it would make her confidence – she hasn’t got a lot of confidence anyway and it would reduce her confidence level more. As we shall see below, the question of the impact on siblings of failing to follow their older siblings into selective education was also raised by parents in discussing grammar school education. Being made to feel ‘poor’ and the impact on siblings were not the only reservations that parents had in considering private schooling. Several also

in All in the mix
Open Access (free)
Everyday trajectories of activism
Hilary Pilkington

direct or primary force in political socialisation, still less the training ground for the authoritarian personality, it remains central to the contexts that shape trajectories into the EDL. Family contexts described are rarely ones of stable, strong and protective environments. Two respondents had grown up living in a mixture of parental homes, children’s homes and foster care. Rachel’s story was particularly striking; despite having been separated from her siblings and having grown up largely in care due to her mother’s alcohol problems, it was she who nursed her

in Loud and proud
Bonnie Clementsson

were never rejected, and the prohibitions appeared a ‘purposeless formality’ that was ‘an obstacle to everyone and expensive to those of small means’. 19 Ola Månsson, a representative of the Second Chamber and the initiator of a couple of bills, argued that it ‘frequently’ happened that ‘on the death of either spouse, the survivor wish[ed] to enter into marriage with one of the siblings of the deceased’. 20 Count Erik Sparre of the First Chamber claimed that ‘the

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

, beneath an obelisk commemorating ‘Penang Overseas Chinese war victims, compatriots and transport workers’.19 Omitted were details of how they had met their fate or the contexts in which they had lost their lives. Instead, the Luguo Bridge Incident of 1937 which had sparked the Second Sino-Japanese War was given prominence. Clearly, this was a memorial to commemorate tongbao – a Chinese term that can be read alternately as ‘compatriot’ or ‘siblings from the same bloodline’.20 In this final resting place, the remains were now transmuted into symbolic representations of

in Human remains and identification
The case of mitochondrial transfer
Iain Brassington

used, it would mean that no child is ‘treated’ by the Freedom, law, politics, genes 93 technique, so much as replaced by an overwhelmingly similar sibling; but for the sake of my argument here, I think the point would be nugatory) (Wrigley et al. 2015; Liao 2017; Rulli 2017).) In short, mtDNA transfer is a form of genetic engineering that promises to make future lives appreciably better. Moreover, because mitochondria are inherited directly down the maternal line, the ability also means that mitochondrial faults that might otherwise pass down the generations

in The freedom of scientific research