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How grave robbers, activists, and foreigners ended official silence about Stalin’s mass graves near Kiev

3 Bykivnia: how grave robbers, activists, and foreigners ended official silence about Stalin’s mass graves near Kiev Karel C. Berkhoff The story of Bykivnia is one of boundless mass murder by Stalin’s People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs, or NKVD, against Soviet and Polish citizens, but also the depressing tale of how, for seven post-war decades, Soviet and post-Soviet authorities attempted to relegate the killing site to oblivion, how boys and men mangled and looted the skulls and bones for years, and how even after the official veil of silence and deceit

in Human remains and identification
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Retrieving a ‘Global’ American Philosopher

rise and fall of the Bretton Woods regime, the hegemonic ascent of neo-liberalism, the end of the Cold War and the 2 John Dewey rise of communications technology such as the Internet. Dewey’s world thus appears to be alien to contemporary concerns about rampant globalization and the need to move democracy beyond the confines of the nation state to regulate a runaway world. Indeed, one might also label the attempt to call Dewey a ‘global’ thinker pure and utter philosophical folly in the first place. After all, there doesn’t seem to be, philosophically at least

in John Dewey
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struggles such as the Spanish Civil War (1936–39). Fascist movements gained control in several countries prior to the Second World War, most notably in Hungary, Rumania and Finland. Modern technology enables contemporary fascist movements to exchange ideas and tactics via the internet. Non-materialism A very important source for fascist values was ‘non-materialism’, the belief that materialistic

in Understanding political ideas and movements

comparison between the computer game and literature further, then the concentration of game designers and consumers on genres that are fairly low down the literary pecking order (war, science fiction, fantasy) does little to add to the respectability of the computer game. But it might be as shortsighted to ignore questions of how we ‘read’ computer texts, and how they communicate their meanings, particularly in this time of increasing computer ‘edutainment’, online education, electronic publishing, and increasing Internet use, as it would be to ignore questions of just how

in More than a game

global relations of domination. This chapter is first and foremost a contribution to discussions about the prospects and consequences of US hegemony. These discussions originated in the debate about the hegemonic stability theory that took place in the late 1970s and for much of the 1980s. 3 Following the end of the Cold War, the same assumptions, themes and tenets

in Mapping European security after Kosovo

also always existed in an ‘international society’ with trade, diplomacy, law, morality and, inevitably, war, shaping their relations. state A political association that establishes sovereign power within a defined territorial area and possesses a monopoly of legitimate violence. The modern state arose from the break-up of European Christendom during the

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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crisis was rooted in post-war anxieties about Britain's place in the world and the unfulfilled promises of technological progress. The 1970s pertussis crisis emerged alongside deep concerns about the role and function of the British welfare state. The 2000s MMR crisis flourished in an age of mass media, the internet and mistrust of political and medical authority following a host of scandals. So what of today's crises? They are portrayed as a result of a declining faith in science, the rampant individualism of certain types of parents and a sense that we have

in Vaccinating Britain
The resurgence of Route 128 in Massachusetts

enjoying a ninety-month expansion labelled the ‘Massachusetts’ Miracle’, the Commonwealth lost one-third of its manufacturing jobs between 1985 and 1992. The country’s first high-tech region had seemingly lost industrial leadership much more quickly in the new industries of the late twentieth century than in industries first established in Massachusetts in the nineteenth century. The simultaneous collapse of the minicomputer and defence industry, with the end of the Cold War, touched off a downturn which, added to the longterm contraction of traditional industries

in Market relations and the competitive process
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Pleasantville and the textuality of media memory

, the fate of the family, trammelled in culture war debates, informed much larger questions about American cultural morality, history and identity in the 1990s. These turned centrally upon the pivotal significance and legacy of the 1960s. For conservatives, especially the New-Right coalition that formed around Newt Gingrich in the middle of the decade, the 1960s became a key battleground of cultural memory. As a decade

in Memory and popular film
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state borders that are perceived as unreflective of ethnic realities (such as in the recent wars in the Balkans), pitting the ‘European–universalist’ mission of the European Union against the desire for ‘apartness’ and ethnic distinctness. Even religious conflict could revive, especially between immigrants and ‘natives’. Overall, however, Europe is experiencing a unique period of peace and integration, in which it will have to choose in which political context its future should be shaped. The choice is essentially between some type of federation and something less

in Destination Europe