Open Access (free)
Medical missionaries and government service in Uganda, 1897–1940

did with increasing autonomy, using the hospital’s status as self-supporting to disregard the authority of the local missionary governing board at Namirembe. 68 Most prominent among these activities were medical consultations, which had multiplied with the opening of new government hospitals in the early 1920s. Mengo Hospital continued to house the only X-ray equipment in Uganda until 1938, and at least one of

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’

, governors represented the great Father/Mother over the seas who had guaranteed their protection. Sydenham, however, was also charged with responsibility for negotiating settler demands for increased autonomy and access to lands. In moderating these demands the governor knew that he could expect little support from a Colonial Office anxious to rid the British taxpayer of the cost of the annual distribution of

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Open Access (free)
One or two ‘honorable cannibals’ in the House?

colonies of South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. British humanitarians – anticipating quite correctly that colonists would swiftly thereafter demand greater autonomy, if not responsible government – pressed the Government to protect the rights of Aborigines in the new constitutions before it lost its last chance to exert any further real control. On 20 March 1850 a deputation

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
So what went wrong?

process easier. 120 Training the ‘natives’ as nurses in Australia The Dominionship status gained by Australia led to a lack of accountability for the government’s treatment of Aboriginal people. Australia’s fully autonomous status was confirmed in 1926 at the Imperial Conference in London. While autonomous, Australia retained its allegiance to the Crown. Dominionship ‘removed any remaining restrictions on legislative autonomy in those realms, except regarding legislation about succession to the throne’.57 With autonomy, Australia was not answerable to the British

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)

of adults imposing their views of evolutionary development on the blank canvas of the infant brain; now that infant had autonomy and the democratic potential to alter the perception of himself through statistical patterning. If more children glanced away from the psychologist’s gaze, looked blankly at their questions and played with their toys as if they were scientific instruments, these actions

in The metamorphosis of autism

and appeal directly to Prince Alfred, handing him a letter to the Great White Queen herself. 26 Despite the capricious nature of British protection in the past, the Basuto king continued to assert his loyalty to the Queen and his alliance with the British as the only hope for the long-term stability and autonomy of his besieged kingdom even in the context of British abandonment. After all, Victoria was not the first

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
Open Access (free)

situation but optimistic about possibilities of renewal, and he prescribed an increased dose of autonomy.10 Only two years later, the prayers of both Herzog and Glotz were heard. In 1998, changes were made to the law that laid down the framework for the national university system (Hochschulrahmengesetz): the provisions that stipulated a certain inner and outer organisation were deleted. Deregulation and self-government were the watchwords of the day.11 At the turn of the millennium, the Wissenschaftsrat rallied to the support of the same slogans. In a number of theses

in Humboldt and the modern German university

the sort of conditions for scientists that could be found through academic study or work with one of Britain’s research councils. When scientists from the research councils – the MRC, ARC and DSIR – advocated a commitment to fundamental research in the colonies, they sought most frequently freedom for scientists from oversight by individuals that were not qualified and experienced researchers themselves. The result was a string of research laboratories and stations in the Colonial Empire that enjoyed a significant degree of autonomy with

in Science at the end of empire
Open Access (free)

nineteenth century. The overwhelming and persistent reliance on outdoor relief in many places indicates the autonomy of local officials in determining how to tackle poverty in their communities. Although large-scale disasters, economic downturns and strikes might place the Poor Law in mining areas under considerable strain and lead to greater scrutiny of claimants, under other circumstances the authorities might respond ‘flexibly and imaginatively’ to the financial problems faced by sick or injured mineworkers.70 While Poor Law officials expected mineworkers to plan for

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Charity and the economy of makeshifts in eighteenth-century Britain

behaviour on both sides. Second, the Welsh School incident produced disjunctions between forms of charity intended to relieve the worst manifestations of poverty (destitution, idleness and insubordination) and definitions of poverty as an enforced laboriousness, for which no amelioration was required or desirable. Employers and the charity school claimed to advance national economic interests, yet for a while their approaches seemed to be incompatible. What both sides shared, however, was an extremely narrow concept of lower-class autonomy, or capacity for independent

in The poor in England 1700–1850