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Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America

and create from them the ‘spiritual environs’ of holistic cultures (Rodó, 1988: 91–​2). Rodó sensationally urges Latin America’s youth to perfect the ‘spiritual environs’ of Latin America’s materially robust cities in a unity of spirit and material culture (1988: 93–​5). Rodó pleads, through the voice of Prospero, for Americans to pursue a project, or ‘future’, of civilisational richness.Yet the balance of argument in Ariel is about a poise of the material and ideal and the many civilisational sources of complex modern societies, 155 Engagement in the cross

in Debating civilisations
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prominently in green debates. As Jonathan Porritt noted ‘by industrialism, I mean adherence to the belief that human needs can only be met through permanent expansion of the process of production and consumption – regardless of the damage done to the planet, to the rights of future generations . . . The often unspoken values of industrialism are premised on the notion that material gain is quite simply more important to more

in Political concepts
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eventually overthrow the capitalist class and the instruments of their power. This having been achieved, and communism having been successfully established, ‘politics’ would cease to exist. Pre-communist politics is interpreted as being about class conflict and material scarcity. Such undesirable conditions will be superseded and fade away together with the instruments of state oppression, government, the army, the police and the

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Time and space

pasts of Indian nationalism were often central to such endeavors, on offer equally were other convergences of significance. Especially important were imaginative readings of historical materials: from conventional archival records, including reports of colonial administrators, to earlier ethnographies as sources of history; and from previously maligned vernacular registers of history to diverse subaltern expressions of the past

in Subjects of modernity
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The autonomous life?

solely intended for and created by predominantly young people who lived on low incomes that derived from state benefits or university scholarships. Everything that could not be produced from within the movement with a combination of voluntary labor and cheap and readily available products, was stolen from the Mainstream, such as building materials used in squatted houses to renovate and barricade. The squatters movement comprised of people involved in a wide assortment of radical left political issues such as

in The autonomous life?
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A power perspective on Arctic governance

, including on the individual level. This line of enquiry is exemplified by Hønneland’s work on the ‘Barents Generation’ of cross-​ border actors in the European North (2013), Shadian’s work on the emergence of an Inuit polity (2014) and Medby’s work on Norwegian ‘Arctic’ identity (2014), among others. This focus on representation/​identity-​ building also includes important contributions on the material aspects used to produce and shore up these representations. Several scholars have sought to highlight the material/​technical resources available to the State in making the

in Arctic governance
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economic development. This inclines liberals to support human rights movements throughout the world. They dislike justifications for the denial of human rights by reference to cultural, economic, developmental or historical circumstances. Thus the extension of liberty contributes towards ‘progress’, moral, educational and material. Human beings will act and think rationally, provided they have the freedom to

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Continuities and contradictions underpinning Amitai Etzioni’s communitarian influence on New Labour

of hard-core pornography and highly offensive sexually violent material’. 29 In short, the period was characterised by an unbounded autonomy that remains intolerable to Etzioni and his fellow communitarians. The 1990s and a ‘curl back’ to social order Despite all of this, Etzioni maintains, the 1990s, at last, began to curtail the libertarian

in The Third Way and beyond
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together to earn a living and raise children. A commitment to equality It might seem from the above that socialists are committed to full equality , or egalitarianism , as one might define it. In a sense they are, but this commitment is often misrepresented. Only the most extreme versions of socialism propose that everyone should have exactly the same amount of material wealth. Most

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Entanglements and ambiguities

underlying structure in these theoretical traditions, which overlooked the interleaving of structure and agency through time. 47 Over the past three decades, the interrogations of these traditions have resulted in vigorous emphases on practice, process, and power in anthropology, including through articulations of historical materials. 48 My point here is that the questioning of such paradigms – where social

in Subjects of modernity