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Open Access (free)
Vaccine policy and production in Japan
Julia Yongue

:9815 (11 February 2012), p. 520. 33 Ibid . 34 Y. Tezuka, Sengō gyōsei no kōzō to dikenma: Yōbōsesshu gyōsei no hensen (The Structural Dilemma of Post-war Public Administration: Changes in Preventive

in The politics of vaccination
Colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40
Linda Bryder

wanted the best:  with the ‘very best qualifications, both general and midwifery’.24 When she advertised a position in the Māori district of Te Araroa in 1912 she explained that the posting was ‘a most responsible one, the nearest doctor being fifty miles away, at Waipiro. When he is connected by telephone, it will be a great relief to the nurse. Even then, she must act on her own initiative a great deal.’25 Nurses in post underscored that sense of responsibility. Akeheni Hei sent letters to Kai Tiaki describing her experiences, starting in 1909 when she was stationed

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Reconstruction and reconciliation; confrontation and oppression
Kjell M. Torbiörn

States into open confrontation or the abandonment of a slowly achieved, bipolar stability, which guaranteed them both a dominant influence over events in their respective ‘spheres of interest’. Major Western European countries MUP_Torbion_02_Ch2 13 22/9/03, 12:32 pm 14 Destination Europe such as West Germany, France and the United Kingdom also saw certain advantages in the situation. Europe between the superpowers By the early 1950s, post-war reconstruction in Western Europe was virtually complete. In the Soviet-controlled part it would take much longer due to

in Destination Europe
Elisha P. Renne

eighty per cent coverage by December 1990, 27 in line with the UNICEF goal of Universal Child Immunization. In Nigeria, this goal was only achieved for Bacille-Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) coverage. 28 The year 1990 was considered to be the high-point in national immunisation coverage. However, on 30 June, responsibility for primary health-care services was transferred to the local governments as part of a structural

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

sustained. Protection Nothing was more fundamental to this outcome than protection from bombs; the pre-war ARP plans testified to recognition of this fact in governmental circles. The Blitz was the proving ground of those plans. And as we have seen, it revealed many defects both in the umbrella of protection and in the post-raid services that together the Government and the local authorities had put in place. Mindful of the possible consequences of neglecting to act, during the period of intensive bombing itself and in the following months, both took steps to remedy these

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
Cautionary tales and oral tradition in early modern England
Alexandra Walsham

that she had cheated a young lad of twopence; and John Duncalf, the Bible-stealer from Staffordshire whose hands and legs fell off after being attacked by gangrene in 1677.39 Gory stories of this kind were powerful vehicles for conventional Christian morality and for a peculiarly literal brand of providentialism. The notion that God actively intervened in human affairs to reward the good and discipline the wicked was by no means an innovation of the post-Reformation period, but such beliefs were bolstered by Calvinist theology. Part of the common outlook of

in The spoken word
Michael Woolcock, Simon Szreter and Vijayendra Rao

address below. A more strident (but to our mind, unpersuasive) critique of our project would dismiss the very possibility that historical scholarship can be, even if it so desired, a basis for informing contemporary policy choices. For many students of post-modernism and cultural studies (see Jenkins 1991), for example, both the content and the epistemological underpinnings of orthodox ‘history’ are suspect at best, since (for these scholars) such history is merely a series of hegemonic, ex post rationalizations propagated by powerful elites, the accounts of the past

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Thomas Carte’s General History
Ben Dew

. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, there were some similarities between their historical narratives. Both accepted the suggestion that England’s financial infrastructure had been transformed by the events of 1688 and that the roots of this shift lay in the reigns of the first two Stuarts. Their analyses, as such, constituted contrasting reactions to what they conceived of as an epoch-defining structural shift in government’s economic foundations. The analysis of credit which Carte advanced in his polemical works was to form an integral part of the General History

in Commerce, finance and statecraft
Open Access (free)
Sue Thomas

instance, has decried Naipaul as ‘immoral’, a pedlar of ‘the tritest, the cheapest and the easiest of colonial mythologies about wogs and darkies’ and comforting imperialist theses concerning the ‘self-inflicted wounds’ of the colonised. 7 The relation of Naipaul and his work to the post-imperial encounter in Britain is, however, more complicated than such denunciations suggest

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Heather Shore

also be seen in other parts of Europe. Thus Stuart Woolf, writing about the Depots de Mendicité in Napoleonic Tuscany, pointed out the limitations of the poor relief system, ‘those poor unable to take advantage of any of the institutions set up for their assistance had to improvise ways of resisting hunger and cold. Some tried to solve their problems by theft and assault’.34 Such responses to structural problems of poverty and dearth, however, belie a more proactive approach to criminality by the urban poor. Thus faced with a system of poor 144 The poor in England

in The poor in England 1700–1850