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The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda

leisure, freedom from fear and want, and the satisfaction of material needs at the expense of the minimum of effort.’ While drawing on the Arcadian literary tradition in her description of Buhaya, Huxley’s writing also made deliberate reference to contemporary claims about what could be achieved by the new technocratic, welfarist developmentalism of the post-war Empire. But Bukoba’s district

in Beyond the state

power to rival France, Spain and Holland. Structurally underpinned by mutually supportive relationships among the state, the navy, and financial and mercantile sectors, British influence increased not only in global markets, but also in those ancillary services such as insurance, shipping, banking and distribution that were vital to continued growth. 30 The series of

in The other empire
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of degeneration assailed the discursive realm of the metropolitan poor. Expressing certain anxieties about the stability of the social order in the face of revolutionary upheaval, such ideas had surfaced occasionally to influence post-Enlightenment thought, but they remained relatively minor components within large theories of social and political evolution. 32 Now, at a time when an

in The other empire
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Recovery and hubris; effervescence in the East

farmers were (and still are) far fewer than in most other EC countries. The country had, ever since the nineteenth century, relied largely on imports from the rest of the world, especially the Empire and then the Commonwealth. Since the bulk of Common Agricultural Policy funds was being paid according to the volume of agricultural production, and to some extent (in the case of structural aid) by the number of farmers, the UK received less. In addition, imports from non-EEC countries were subjected to levies that were earmarked, not for the UK, but for the EEC. In spite

in Destination Europe

race reporting has been reduced to an exact science, and like most exact sciences … it is a colourless affair’.3 Media coverage of racing Sports journalism played a key role in the wider construction of racing ideology, and located it within wider structural and ideological constraints.4 For racing insiders and regular punters, detailed racing coverage was found in the specialist racing press. Its writers provided informative, forward-looking and vital data on horses’ form, weight carried, jockey, place on the start and similar material, for an audience who needed

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39

the deistic philosophes is simply to accept uncritically the world as the philosophes claimed they saw it. 16 The myth of Enlightenment deism Deism, diverse in form and thus difficult to define, has generally been accepted as entailing belief in God and even of post mortem rewards and punishments. It was, however, a God usually remote from everyday human concerns. Deists thus dismissed the need for any mediation between humanity and divinity in the form of the Church and dismissed the Church’s claimed mediation as selfinterested fraud. This sort of view was

in The Enlightenment and religion

War, as scholarship began to reflect a greater interest in contemporary social conditions and issues of power imbalances between the industrialized north and the underdeveloped Meridione (south) in the developing nation-state. It was the Socialist writer Antonio Gramsci, who was imprisoned by Mussolini, who most strongly influenced the post-Second World War generation of Italian ethnologists. Gramsci’s writings on

in Witchcraft Continued

unity, albeit to different degrees, in each coalfield. Added to that, of course, a large a proportion of miners were not members of their respective trade unions and this varied from coalfield to coalfield and in each coalfield over time. Such structural factors, characteristic of the labour movements in each coalfield, were the context in which disabled miners and their families experienced impairment and in which the politics of their disablement was played out. Miners’ trade unions were thus large organisations that were able to wield an increasingly powerful

in Disability in industrial Britain

followed by the post-war welfare settlement, which brought universal healthcare and finally abolished the individualistic and stigmatising Poor Law. These key details have formed milestones in the extensive literature on British welfare,1 and this narrative of progression can also be seen in the shifting depiction of welfare in coalfields literature across the time period. Broadly speaking, in 106 DIS ABILITY IN INDU S TRIAL BRITAIN the earlier Victorian and Edwardian novels there is a focus on paternalistic interventions by middle- and upper-class protagonists

in Disability in industrial Britain
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prison of the poor’ in rural England.6 They effectively confined their consideration of urban poverty to the post-1800 period, and then chiefly in the context of mechanised industry and factory establishments: the classic manifestations of the ‘Industrial Revolution’.7 Alternative sources of assistance for the poor were addressed largely as free-standing exercises, giving rise to separate, parallel strands of enquiry relating to very poor, disadvantaged or marginal people. Jordan’s attempt to evaluate the contribution of endowed charity endeavoured to grasp the issue

in The poor in England 1700–1850