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What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?

identifications with symbolic histories and geographies of race. They include not only identifications with ‘Europe’ as a space of modernity, civilisation and (critical race studies would insist) whiteness, but also analogies drawn between ‘Balkanness’ and ‘blackness’ in imagined solidarity, as well as the race-blind anti-colonialism of Yugoslav Non-Alignment (which, under Tito, cast the leader of this European country as a model of national liberation for the Global South). The Yugoslav region is increasingly likely to be thought of as ‘post-conflict’ and ‘postsocialist’, the

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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book explores the function of knowledge and expertise in the visions of economic development that were subsequently produced for the region, with a focus on the debate about encouraging new industry. Historians have often said that Britain was unwilling to sanction the growth of manufacturing in the Colonial Empire in order to protect markets for British industrial exports. 1 In fact, officials in London saw the development of secondary manufacturing in the Caribbean as essential after the Great Depression in order to raise living standards and contain political

in Science at the end of empire
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Senses of country living in a Basque-speaking village

fluently. Similar characters continue to be displayed today, although now they are allowed to speak Basque. The public television Basque channel ETB1 (Euskal Telebista1) presents shows in which interviews and imitations encourage the model we describe. The question arises: how can Basque people be ridiculed when speaking their own language? Well, beginning in the 1980s, the modernisation process marked a distinction between Euskara Batua, the recently constructed Standard Basque, and 98 K. Fernández de Larrinoa time-honoured dialects of Euskara. Batua has come to

in Alternative countrysides
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Clergy, orality and print in the Scottish Gaelic world

quality, and occasional poems on various themes, including courtly love – is impressive, as is the overall standard of the poetry.5 The Book of the Dean of Lismore has some well-known peculiarities. The most notorious is the spelling system which the scribes, based in their Fortingall scriptorium, close to the frontier with the Lowlands, consistently applied to their texts. This spelling system is based on the conventions of Middle and Early Modern Scots, and not on the standard conventions of Gaelic tradition. Elsewhere, it has been argued that Gaelic scribes in

in The spoken word
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, and state-of-the-art fused quartz mercury vapour bulb, the ‘Vi-tan’ lamp was an object at once homely and technologically sophisticated ( Fig. 4.1 ). Supplied with the lamp were brown-tinted, leather goggles ( Fig. 4.2 ), a requisite piece of apparel for exposure to a bulb that the manufacturer declared emitted a whopping (and, frankly, highly unlikely) 99 per cent of invisible ultraviolet light. According to contemporaneous textbooks, standard

in Soaking up the rays

for legal, political, economic and cultural standards. Small wonder that the reaction of Turkey’s Foreign Secretary to these demands was an allegation that “The EU behaves towards us like ‘colonial governors’.” 6 The sympathy throughout Europe toward earthquake stricken Turkey in 1999 was wide, even astonishing. The August tremor, measured 7.4 on the Richter scale, was one of the strongest – and longest, at 45 seconds – to hit Europe in recent memory. It shocked Turkey’s industrial heartland, southeast of Istanbul, and left 17,000 dead and 30

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

reforms being discussed or carried out that are designed to increase efficiency and reduce personnel (Schlanker Staat). Attention is also being given to changes in the budget process and control instruments. But for several decades it has been a kind of conventional wisdom that there has been a decline of Land legislative powers, and those making this case are informed and knowledgable observers.20 On the other hand, there have been some dissenters and others who suggest that the standard complaint begs the question. Thus a few voices have suggested that based on

in The Länder and German federalism
Harold Moody and the League of Coloured Peoples

entitled Race Relations and the School , produced by a committee of six educationalists, including Kenneth Little, with a foreword provided by the historian G. P. Gooch. 49 This critically examined school textbooks, and went on to advocate radical changes in the elementary and secondary school curriculum, including the adoption of courses of world history and the study of Africa and Asia. Although well

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Communism, post-Communism, and the war in Croatia

war in Croatia trated in Slovenia and Croatia, Yugoslavia’s economy did come close to rivalling that of Czechoslovakia and the German Democratic Republic. Additionally, Tito was genuinely popular with his people, despite his egomania and corruption (or perhaps in part because of them). In many ways, he held the country together, and was more successful as a leader than his other Balkan counterparts – Nikolai Ceausescu, Todor Zhivkov, and Enver Hoxha. The positive aspects of Communism in Yugoslavia were obvious – a high standard of living, the freedom to travel and

in Balkan holocausts?
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Issues, debates and an overview of the crisis

investment projects. Moreover, there also existed a close operational relationship and interlinked ownership between banks and firms. Hailed as the “Asian developmental model,” this strategy allowed firms to rely heavily on bank credit. Not surprisingly, by international standards, firms in the crisis-affected countries were highly leveraged. Indeed, the pervasive role of government in the selective promotion of industries and in the coordination of investment, including state control over the allocation of credit and capital account transactions, spawned a government

in The Asian financial crisis