Search results

Open Access (free)
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’

men in charge of the new mines established a pattern of work practices which was to shape South Africa’s mining industry, and much of its economy, in the twentieth century. The mines themselves became dominated by just a few well-capitalised large companies, which agreed among themselves the basics of their labour policies. Skilled and supervisory work were reserved for Whites; unskilled and heavy

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Open Access (free)
Mirrors of French ideals?

given a distinctly hagiographic hue. Étienne Molinier, who published a biography of Barthélemy de Donadieu, bishop of Comminges, shortly after the prelate’s death in 1637, observed that he did not intend his composition to be a panegyric or oratory: instead he wrote as a ‘faithful historian’ who was content to propose ‘the fact in its truth, and purity’.4 His work, however, was not simply a factual account of the bishop’s life, but rather used facts to exalt Donadieu’s character and actions within an idealised framework. With the return of stability to the French

in Fathers, pastors and kings

with profoundly different regimes? This chapter and this book cannot answer all of these questions satisfactorily, but they can help to provide some background and a framework for understanding how Germany and the Germans literally have come to where they are today. The focus, then, will be less on the larger issues of German identity over the past decades and more on the sources of identity of the people within Germany for the regions in which they live today. The Holy Roman Empire Following Charlemagne’s death, the Treaty of Verdun in 843 divided his “Roman Empire

in The Länder and German federalism
Language, education and the Catholic Church

demands were granted. The 1974 constitution guaranteed ‘the right to belong to a nation or nationality, to express their national culture, and to use freely their language’.18 In socialist Croatia’s new constitution, which accompanied the new federal constitution, there were several references to a specifically Croatian language. Article 138 of that constitution stated that, ‘in the Socialist Republic of Croatia there is in official use the Croatian literary language’.19 This legal framework also allowed the Serbian people in Croatia to use their own language. Not only

in The formation of Croatian national identity