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Constructing security in historical perspective

. Crucial to this emergent theme is the view that the struggle was not merely one between individual adversaries but was rather a broader existential/ideational conflict between opposing perspectives on Israeli grand strategy and security and the political–cultural future of the Israeli polity. Sharett’s biographer Gabriel Sheffer asserts: In

in Redefining security in the Middle East
A view from below

revolution.1 Seen as isolated ‘acts’, slander, denigration, mockery and violence can be dominating strategies too. For these acts to be seen as resistance, they need to be explored as patterns of behaviour in situations of subordination, where their intention is the stopping or the mitigation of material or symbolic claims, whether those be labour, taxes, deference or obedience. In this sense, the intention does not go much further beyond the act itself (evade taxes, mock authority, work less), but the motivation entails a particular understanding of one’s own position of

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

, preventing such a combination was a constant of Israeli policy and this required a proactive military stance. Additionally, because Israel, being reliant on the mobilisation of reserves, could not sustain a prolonged war without great damage to its economy, wars had to be won quickly through overwhelming force. These vulnerabilities resulted in a doctrine favouring a ‘pre-emptive’ (first strike) strategy that aimed at quickly smashing the enemy and, in a multifront war, allowing one opponent to be neutralised in order to cope with the other/s. Since collective Arab action

in The international politics of the Middle East
Open Access (free)

warrants sustained, critical attention’. 5 Drawing and building on scholarship from sociology, journalism, development studies, politics, film and media studies and anthropology, we investigate the complex relationships between humanitarianism and popular media forms, technologies, events and cultures. Our authors explore a variety of media, from film, television and memoirs to music festivals and social media, and chart the development of different

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East

them. To get even small Israeli concessions, such as acceptance of the Rogers Plan, the US had to pledge ever more support to Israel (Walt 1987: 108–10). Israel’s arms dependency gave the US little leverage over it owing to the Israelis’ penetration of US domestic politics and a tacit threat to escalate the conflict or even to ‘go nuclear’ if the US abandoned them (Evron 1973: 178–80). President Nixon and his Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, developed a strategy that would make a virtue of Washington’s weak leverage over Israel: by keeping Israel too strong to be

in The international politics of the Middle East
New threats, institutional adaptations

4 Introduction concerned with sustaining the western system of security governance and extending it as far eastward into Eurasia as necessary. The western European states and the United States wish to reproduce in Eurasia their norms of statecraft, particularly the prohibitionary norm against the use of weapons of mass destruction, as well as to impose dispute- and conflictresolution mechanisms of western design. To put it benignly, the Americans and western Europeans hope to manufacture the conditions necessary to project the security community created in the

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control

strategies and discursive practices enacted by a wide range of state and non-state actors present the Mediterranean Sea as the setting of a perpetual emergency. European and national political agencies, military authorities, humanitarian organisations, and activists, have been representing migrants crossing borders as a significant problem to be managed in terms of a wider social, cultural and political

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Offline and online games, branding and humanitarianism at the Roskilde Festival

. Roskilde Festival is the largest North European culture and music festival and is held each summer in the outskirts of the city of Roskilde, which is ca. 30km from the capital city of Denmark, Copenhagen. The festival prides itself on its non-profit status and its commitment to sustainability and global solidarity. In this chapter we focus on Hummel, one of the festival’s many corporate sponsors and a

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s

, but we do not yet have a sustained analysis of the Peace Corps’ publicity or representations in popular culture. This chapter uncovers the construction of a Peace Corps mystique by publicity experts and the media, and tracks its reception by popular audiences in the United States. Based on archival research, media sources and analyses of popular cultural productions, it is attentive to both the

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Israel and a Palestinian state

dissent and engage in more rampant corruption to sustain loyalty among its supporters and co-opt its opponents. Ultimately, without sufficient political legitimacy, regimes may collapse, revolutions occur, and states succumb to outside conquest. A PALESTINIAN STATE The Arafat regime, after the PLO’s return from Tunis and the establishing of the PA after the

in Redefining security in the Middle East