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. The concept was part of the Whig tradition, in contrast to the more isolationist one of a bluewater strategy, avoiding continental entanglements, associated with Tory ideas. This clash was in part merely a difference over tactics, as is apparent from this Whig view of Newcastle in 1749. ‘France will outdo us at sea when they have nothing to lose by land … Our alliances upon the continent, … by diverting the expense of France, enable us to maintain our superiority at sea.’2 Apart from this Whig perception that it was in Britain’s long-term interest to prevent French

in George III
Open Access (free)
Life and opinions

favour of a pupils’ union which excluded teachers; he was disinclined to change his tactics at the University, believing as he did that governing bodies ought to be overthrown rather than joined or even infiltrated. While seeking to co-ordinate the efforts of scattered departmental representatives, the Union relied heavily on the power of publicity to improve the lot of students. On occasion it set out to embarrass certain parts of the University, particularly departments said to be teaching badly or making unreasonable demands. At its disposal were its own journal

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90

recognition as an authority figure. 2.1 A squat on the Spuistraat in the center of Amsterdam, 2006 Cultural marginality and centrality Shirin and Jenny were members of a group of thirty squatters who occupied four houses in a row, each house containing three apartments and a ground floor space, known eventually in the squatters’ scene as the Motorflex block. These houses were originally social housing apartments owned by a housing corporation that had

in The autonomous life?
The writers, the artificers and the livery companies

production of Renaissance occasional drama’.2 Such an approach is, after all, more in keeping with the ways in which these entertainments were planned and executed. It must be stressed from the outset that the Lord Mayor’s Show was first and foremost the concern of the Great Twelve livery companies from the ranks of one of which the Lord Mayor was elected, even if, to make this possible, he had transferred quite recently from one of the smaller companies. (See Appendix 2 for the organisation of the linear companies.) The City Corporation dealt only with pageantry

in Pageantry and power
Open Access (free)
Issues, debates and an overview of the crisis

corporations is far less adequate than in the markets of advanced countries. Problems associated with asymmetric information are amplified in these economies, resulting in investor assessments that swing from periods of excessive optimism or euphoria to 10 Introduction: issues, debates and overview periods of excessive gloom and panic. This, in turn, often leads to adverse selection, where lenders over-extend credit, often to unsound and poorlymanaged local banks and companies, as well as to panic withdrawals at the first sign of trouble. Indeed, asymmetric information and

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
The production of sports media broadcasts

1960s characterised by improvements in camera and microphone technology, the most famous of which was the introduction of colour television in the 1960s. Ross ( 2008 ) describes how the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation used instant replay for the first time in 1955 when broadcasting Hockey Night . Replays were further developed in the 1960s, with both the action replay and the subsequent slow-motion replay becoming commonplace. Replays altered the coverage of events significantly, with replays not only being played

in Sport and technology

was based on ­Bernard’s membership of several organisations: the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, and a number of other groups, including American Women for Peace, as well as her part ownership and financial support of a corporation that was community initiated and controlled – the People’s Press. Bernard staunchly defended these connections as nothing more than loose affiliations, and asserted that her association with such initiatives did not reflect disloyalty. Bernard was also a member of the Physicians Forum Conference for Health Care Without

in A history of the case study
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, squatters use military language, such as “campaign,” “defense,” “economic warfare,” and “being strategic.” There are a range of levels of strategic manipulation. Else’s case exemplifies a basic level of strategic manipulation. Else lived in a squatted house for three years. The owner, a housing corporation, sued to evict her. In preparation for her defense, she thoroughly researched the house itself, its history of renters, and the housing corporation’s plans for the renovation of the house through the

in The autonomous life?

down the published lists and remind it forcefully of the fragility of all reputations. Manchester University’s liberal tradition, brilliantly expounded in the past by such writers as Gerald Aylmer, the History lecturer, and Eugène Vinaver, the famous Professor of French, was still in being. It rejected analogies between a university, an institution devoted to free inquiry, and a business corporation dedicated to the pursuit of material profit. Administrative hierarchies, and systems of rewards and promotions which made younger academics dependent on the favours of

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Political and contemporary contexts of the Shows

Crown in 1636, an act that implicitly endangered the City’s monopoly over legitimate trade within its boundaries.34 With this ‘New Incorporation’, Hardin writes, ‘the line separating sanctioned from unsanctioned commercial activity disappeared, rendering the original corporation no longer unique’.35 The effective result was that the City now had a rival. In response to challenges of this kind, and to the growth of unregulated trade in the suburbs, the City made efforts in the 1630s to reinforce its boundaries by, for instance, rebuilding the Gate at Temple Bar and

in Pageantry and power