Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

natural disasters or the immediate aftermath of a severe emergency. Construction in such circumstances, however, can still be approached in a more bottom-up manner. Many humanitarian agencies, for example, distribute building materials and train local communities to ‘build back better’, rather than constructing complete shelters themselves ( Lyons et al. , 2010 ). When it comes to refugees, constructing shelter from scratch can generate even bigger

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

, 2015 ; Fast, 2017 ; Read et al. , 2016 ). Digitisation – the collection, conversion, storage and sharing of data and the use of digital technologies to collect and manage information about individuals from affected communities – increasingly shapes understandings of need and the response to emergencies. 2 This use of digital technologies produces ‘digital bodies’ – images, information, biometrics and other data stored in digital space – that represent

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

open, to individuals such as Cédric Herrou – and their supporters. 24 But it also comprises local politicians – in places as diverse as Barcelona ( Augustín and Jørgensen, 2019 ) and Rottenburg – who are convinced that their communities ought to be able to practice hospitality irrespective of quotas for the number of asylum seekers assigned to local communities and irrespective of federal or state laws that determine whether or not an undocumented migrant is entitled to receive free medical care. There is nothing new about the bordering of Europe and its human

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

participants, the WhatsApp group became a key platform, which sought to curb the stream of unsubstantiated rumours. Here, medical-humanitarian organisations positioned themselves as brokers. The relations between local humanitarian organisations’ teams and journalists extended further. The representative stated: ‘We are all FB [Facebook] friends. It’s a community’ (see also Zimmerman et al. , 2019 : 23–4 on the ‘symbiotic relationship’ between

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

. However, critics say this phenomenon of iconisation has its flaws. It encourages a narrative of empowered victim, and is often viewed with suspicion by the community of the ‘icon’ itself who see in this process of iconisation a subtle attempt to co-opt its voice to advance their own agenda ( Olesen, 2016 ). Yet others claim that such iconisation is part of a broader storytelling trend, where personal stories of ordinary and marginal individuals are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

opening for them to do this. It’s a Trojan horse’ (quoted in Priday, 2018 ). The second priority is securing more stable funding for humanitarian journalism. This includes, crucially, trustworthy information reaching those communities affected by disaster. Following the work of organisations including the CDAC Network, Internews and BBC Media Action, we know that this is a vital form of aid: people need information as they need water, food, medicine and shelter. Information can save lives, build resilience, support livelihoods and empower

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

the 1990s, as the number and variety of self-proclaimed humanitarian actors has grown, the meaning of the word has become blurred and needs clarification. Claiming to be ‘neutral/impartial/independent’ in this new context amounts to waving a white flag signalling that one has no enemies – in other words, a symbol meant to distinguish an organisation from other relief groups with other intentions (religious, community-based, political, commercial) but nothing more. That is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

reasons, including alliances with communities, roots in civil society, recognition by peers, qualities and characters of members, principles, ethics and commitments and so on ( Calain, 2012 ). But at its core, humanitarian legitimacy comes from acting in a humanitarian way – by doing good, by acting our values. Providing care to people in danger will not prevent us from being attacked by authoritarian states or populist movements. In fact, the opposite, as this case shows

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Richard Parrish

examines the supply market – the market in the buying and selling of players. The final section examines the Commission’s general approach to sport by reviewing the sports-related case law within the context of the Commission’s paper on the development of a framework for the application of competition law to sport, the first formal exploration of the viability of constructing separate territories of sporting autonomy and competition law. European Union competition policy Article 3 of the EC Treaty states that the activities of the Community should include the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union