Attitudes towards subversive movements and violent organisations
Ami Pedahzur

consolidated a sweeping public consensus on the issue of the precedence of security and military matters over civil rights. However, the sense of foreboding has persisted and this ‘security complex’ continued to dominate policy and political discourse for many years. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that over the course of its fifty-three years of existence, Israel has not adopted a constitution, nor has it ever retracted the state of emergency under which it has operated for all those years, making it possible to effect far-reaching extensions of the notion of the

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
The Actresses’ Franchise League from 1914 to 1928
Naomi Paxton

many other projects such as the Era War Distress Fund and the Three Arts Employment Fund that gave work to unemployed theatre professionals. Two of the League’s wartime satellite projects are explored in this chapter – the Women’s Emergency Corps and the British Women’s Hospital Fund. Both ventures moved the League into new areas of campaigning, and utilised the skills, generosity and resourcefulness of its members. Aug 4 – All so strange, unreal – wild rumours of naval engagements, ships sunk – the streets as we walked home were full of excited people waving flags

in Stage women, 1900–50
Open Access (free)
‘Case history’ on violence against women, and against women’s rights to health and to reproductive health
Sara De Vido

, involuntary sterilisation,7 maternal health and access to emergency contraception.8 On abortion, the form that will open the second part of the anamnesis, feminists and feminist lawyers have written extensively.9 In this book I will demonstrate, referring to several judgments, decisions and reports, that restrictive abortion laws cause violence to women, who suffer from depression, stress and physical injuries as a consequence of denial or limits to access to the practice by 23 DE VIDO 9781526124975 PRINT.indd 23 24/03/2020 11:01 Violence against women’s health in

in Violence against women’s health in international law
A. W. Brian Simpson

these trials were quite public.24 After some uncertainty the military persuaded the government to introduce what amounted to a form of martial law legitimised by emergency legislation under the Defence of the Realm Acts (hereafter DORA). The first DORA allowed regulations to be made ‘for securing the public safety and the defence of the realm’ and specifically: (a) to prevent persons communicating with the enemy or obtaining information for that purpose or any purpose calculated to jeopardise the success of the operations of any of H.M. forces or to assist the enemy

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Joshua B. Spero

emergency operations. Its defensive principles and incentives for states to bandwagon politically and militarily with, but not necessarily to join, NATO make PfP both practical and realistic. Such cooperative security options presented Europe’s neutral states (Austria, Finland, Ireland, Switzerland and Sweden) with creative post-Cold War policy options. These states, as well as most in the post-Soviet Caucasus region and Central Asia, continually reiterate that they do not need to join NATO. Rather, they want to strengthen PfP and not jeopardise relationships with other

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Joseph Jaconelli

televised ordeal of O. J. Simpson in a Los Angeles courtroom two thousand years later. ‘What is a trial?’ is a question that has seldom engaged the interest of lawyers. Yet the concept of a trial is central to some of the most fundamental ideas about human rights. Imprisonment, or internment, without trial is regarded as abhorrent and capable of being justified only by the most pressing needs of wartime or national emergency. If a person is to be deprived of his liberty, it is widely felt, this should occur only as the result of a more open and formal process than the

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
Emergency nursing in the Indian Mutiny
Sam Goodman

1 Lady amateurs and gentleman professionals: emergency nursing in the Indian Mutiny Sam Goodman The events that took place in central India during the summer of 1857 have gone by many names over the last 150  years. Historians of colonial India have variously referred to the disorder of that year as the Sepoy Rebellion, the First War of Independence and, perhaps more familiarly, the Indian Mutiny, often reflecting the partisan positions of the original participants.1 Despite the discrepancy over what to call it, most historians agree that the initial uprising

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
A history of colonial and post-colonial nursing
Editors: Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Colonial Caring covers over a century of colonial nursing by nurses from a wide range of countries including: Denmark, Britain, USA, Holland and Italy; with the colonised countries including South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nigeria, India, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and the Danish West Indies. It presents unique perspectives from which to interrogate colonialism and post-colonialism including aspects of race, cultural difference and implications of warfare and politics upon nursing. Viewing nursing’s development under colonial and post-colonial rule reveals different faces of a profession that superficially may appear to be consistent and coherent, yet in reality is constantly reinventing itself. Considering such areas as transnational relationships, class, gender, race and politics, this book aims to present current work in progress within the field, to better understand the complex entanglements in nursing’s development as it was imagined and practised in local imperial, colonial and post-colonial contexts. Taking a chronologically-based structure, early chapters examine nursing in situations of conflict in the post-Crimean period from the Indian Rebellion to the Anglo-Boer War. Recruitment, professionalisation of nursing and of military nursing in particular, are therefore considered before moving deeper into the twentieth century reflecting upon later periods of colonialism in which religion and humanitarianism become more central. Drawing from a wide range of sources from official documents to diaries, memoirs and oral sources, and using a variety of methodologies including qualitative and quantitative approaches, the book represents ground-breaking work.

A necessary dialogue

The substantive and methodological contributions of professional historians to development policy debates was marginal, whether because of the dominance of economists or the inability of historians to contribute. There are broadly three ways in which history matters for development policy. These include insistence on the methodological principles of respect for context, process and difference; history is a resource of critical and reflective self-awareness about the nature of the discipline of development itself; and history brings a particular kind of perspective to development problems . After establishing the key issues, this book explores the broad theme of the institutional origins of economic development, focusing on the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. It demonstrates that scholarship on the origins of industrialisation in England in the late eighteenth century suggests a gestation reaching back to a period during which a series of social institutional innovations were pioneered and extended to most citizens of England. The book examines a paradox in China where an emphasis on human welfare characterized the rule of the eighteenth-century Qing dynasty, and has been demonstrated in modern-day China's emphasis on health and education. It provides a discussion on the history of the relationship between ideology and policy in public health, sanitation in India's modern history and the poor health of Native Americans. The book unpacks the origins of public education, with a focus on the emergency of mass literacy in Victorian England and excavates the processes by which colonial education was indigenized throughout South-East Asia.

Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).