’Halpin, ‘Politics and the State, 1922–1932’, A New History of Ireland, Volume VII: Ireland 1921–1984 , ed. by J.R. Hill (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 86–126 (p. 113).
28 George O’Brien, ‘Patrick Hogan: Minister for Agriculture, 1922–1932’, Studies , 25.99 (1936), 353–368 (p. 360).
29 Cormac Ó Gráda, A Rocky Road: The Irish Economy Since the 1920s (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997), 145.
30 Cormac Ó Gráda, Ireland Before and After the Famine: Explorations in Economic History, 1800
Fighting a tropical scourge, modernising the nation
F. L. Soper, H. Penna, E. Cardoso, J. Serafim Jr, M.
Frobisher Jr and J. Pinheiro, ‘Yellow Fever Without Aedes
aegypti : Study of a Rural Epidemic in the Valle do Chanaan,
Espírito Santo, 1932’, American Journal of Hygiene , 18
(1933), pp. 555–87.
F. L. Soper, ‘Progressos realizados nos estudos e
1965, Pitkin's son, Walter Pitkin Jr, reflected on the impact of his father's work. By focusing popular and professional attention on ‘ the subjective, or inner life of the middle-aged and aging person’, he argued, Life Begins at Forty had encouraged readers to believe that life could be creative, happy and challenging after the onset of middle age, in the process launching ‘a whole industry’ of inspirational self-help literature for the middle-aged.
As his son suggested, Pitkin was by no means the only writer
of Shell’s turnabout from a reactive to a proactive company.
Additionally, it is difficult to understand on the basis of the CA
and DP models why ExxonMobil did not modify its reactive strategy in the four-year period from the US’s signing of the Kyoto
Protocol until Bush Jr was elected president.
In this chapter, we shift our focus from the domestic to the
international level. To what extent can the international climate
regime explain the strategies chosen by the oil industry? Climate
change is a global problem partly caused by global actors
, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (London: Yale University Press, 1998).
3 Horace Plunkett, Ireland in the New Century: with an Epilogue in Answer to Some Critics (London: John Murray, 1905), 40–41.
4 Plunkett, Ireland in the New Century , 44–45.
5 Mary E. Daly, The Famine in Ireland (Dundalk: Dundalgen Press, 1986); James S. Donnelly, Jr, The Great Irish Potato Famine (Stroud: Sutton, 2001). Cormac Ó Gráda, Black ’47 and Beyond: The Great
million at the US box office. However, outside the USA its commercial performance was unprecedented for a
three-hour movie about American political history. Total worldwide
takings topped $210 million, but that still was not enough for the
naysayers back home.
Ironically enough, at least part of the explanation for the public’s
endorsement of the film and their broadly solid support of Stone
could be found in these same media outlets that were directing fire
at the director’s agenda. For example, in a May 1991 Washington
Post article, George Lardner Jr –a leading
usual’ scenario to reach the Kyoto target.23 However, the Senate
would have to ratify the Kyoto Protocol before it could be viewed
as a part of US policy (see chapter 6).
Four years later, in January 2001, the former Texas governor
George W. Bush was elected president. In March 2001, Bush Jr
declared that the Kyoto Protocol was unacceptable because it
would harm the US economy and because it failed to hold developing countries to strict emission limits. In February 2002, Bush
unveiled proposals for a voluntary scheme to curb GHG emissions.24 This represented a
Congressional Research Service, Membership of the 107th Congress: A
Profile, order code: RS20760, p. 3.
4 D. R. Mayhew, Congress: The Electoral Connection (New Haven: Yale
University Press, 1974).
5 Ibid, pp. 16–17.
6 R. F. Fenno Jr. Congressmen in Committees (Boston: Little, Brown,
7 W. Schiller, Partners and Rivals (Princeton: Princeton University Press,
8 See N. Ornstein, T. Mann and M. Malbin (eds.), Vital Statistics on
Congress, 1999–2000 (Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute,
9 Figure from Rasmussen Research; supplied at www
and dimensions of mutual
recognition can be demonstrated by exploring the case of the civil
rights and black liberation movement in the United States after the
Second World War. The two figures of Martin Luther King Jr. and
Malcolm X epitomize two different strategies of connecting
experiences of disenfranchisement, feelings of shame, and collective
protest and self
. Scott , ‘ The “Indo-Pacific”: New regional formulations and new maritime frameworks for US-India strategic convergence ’, Asia Pacific Review , 19 : 2 ( 2012 ), pp. 85 – 109 .
19 H. B. Harris, ‘Statement of Admiral Harry B. Harris Jr., U.S. Navy Commander, US Pacific Command Before the House Armed Services Committee on US Pacific Command Posture’ (14 February 2018), https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AS/AS00/20180214/106847/HHRG-115-AS00-Wstate-HarrisJrH-20180214.pdf , accessed 12 April 2019.
20 N. Rolland , ‘ Eurasian Integration “a la Chinese”: Deciphering