’, while Garland and Treadwell (2010: 30)
argue that claims to non-racist ideology by the organisation constitute a veneer of
respectability only thinly covering more commonplace racism and Islamophobia
among the EDL’s ‘rank and file’.
The research conducted for this book – whose ethnographic approach allows
declarative statements to be evaluated alongside observed behaviour – suggests
a more diverse and complex set of understandings of ‘race’ and racism among
grassroots activists in the movement. This chapter starts with a brief discussion of
core debates over the
Conservative politics of nationhood under
William Hague, focusing on the ‘English Question’ and the politics of ‘race’.
Policy towards the European Union (EU) is examined in Chapter 8.
The end of Empire, moves towards membership of the European Community (EC), devolution and immigration posed significant challenges to the
dominant One Nation perspective in the 1960s. Two contrasting positions
on how to adapt the Conservative politics of nationhood emerged. Edward
Heath proposed EC membership, Scottish devolution and a liberal perspective
on race relations. Enoch Powell
that race and class can
feature in potentially prompting anxieties – or reassurances – and
the ways in which this plays out will also differ according to different
class positions and experiences of racialisation. The idea that parents
often want to send their children to schools that are populated by
‘people like us’ is well established in the literature (Ball 2003, Croft
2004, Devine 2004). White middle-class parents who are sending
their children to state schools do not necessarily expect all the students at the school to be ‘people like us’ – rather it is a
Caribbean migration to Britain brought many new things—new music, new foods, new styles. It brought new ways of thinking too. This book explores the intellectual ideas that the West Indians brought with them to Britain. It shows that, for more than a century, West Indians living in Britain developed a dazzling intellectual critique of the codes of Imperial Britain. Chapters discuss the influence of, amongst others, C. L. R. James, Una Marson, George Lamming, Jean Rhys, Claude McKay and V. S. Naipaul. The contributors draw from many different disciplines to bring alive the thought and personalities of the figures they discuss, providing a picture of intellectual developments in Britain from which we can still learn much. The introduction argues that the recovery of this Caribbean past, on the home territory of Britain itself, reveals much about the prospects of multiracial Britain.
This book analyses black Atlantic studies, colonial discourse analysis and postcolonial theory, providing paradigms for understanding imperial literature, Englishness and black transnationalism. Its concerns range from the metropolitan centre of Conrad's Heart of Darkness to fatherhood in Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk; from the marketing of South African literature to cosmopolitanism in Achebe; and from utopian discourse in Parry to Jameson's theorisation of empire.
importance of racialised understandings of self and identity which may also
play a role in shaping school choice. The chapter will track how the
current literature on school choice has overlooked questions of race
and frequently also ignored the experiences of working-class parents,
whether white or of ethnic minorities. Finally, the chapter will explore
how the spatial nature of school choice has also been frequently overlooked. It will argue that narrations of place – and spatial tactics and
strategies – are key to understanding how schools’ reputations are
In liberal democracies there is a belief that citizens ought to take an active interest in what is happening in the political world. Political debate in modern Western democracies is a complex and often rowdy affair. There are three fundamental political issues: 'politics', 'power' and 'justice', which feature in almost all political discussions and conflicts. The book assesses the degree to which the state and state sovereignty are disappearing in the modern world of 'globalised' politics, economics and culture and new international institutions. The main features of the nation and the problems of defining it are outlined: population, culture, history, language, religion, and race. Different types of democracy and their most important features are discussed. 'Freedom' is usually claimed to be the prime objective of political activity. The book discusses equality of human rights, distributional equality, equality before the law, the claims for group equality on the grounds of race, gender, class. Rights, obligations and citizenship are closely associated. Ideology is the driving force of political discourse. The book also discusses nationalism's growth and development over the last two centuries with particular reference to its main features and assumptions. It outlines the development of conservatism as a political ideology and movement in Britain during the last two centuries. An overview of liberalism, socialism, Marxism, anarchism, and Fascism follows. Environmentalism and feminism are also discussed. Finally, the book talks about how ideological change occurs and stresses the importance of rationality in politics.
revealed in such a way that it can speak to the situation of our
The chapters in this volume provide many clues which
indicate how, from our chosen perspective, we might isolate the
specifics of the intellectual contribution of West Indians in Britain.
To conclude, in summary form, I’ll indicate just three overlapping
and interconnected areas of thought: race and ethnicity; the project of
This volume tells the story of the case study genre at a time when it became the genre par excellence for discussing human sexuality across the humanities and the life sciences. A History of the Case Study takes the reader on a transcontinental journey from the imperial world of fin-de-siècle Central Europe and the Austro-Hungarian Empire to the interwar metropolises of Weimar Germany, and to the United States of America in the post-war years. Foregrounding the figures of case study pioneers, and always alert to the radical implications of their engagement with the genre, the six chapters scrutinise the case writing practices of Sigmund Freud and his predecessor sexologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing; writers such as Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Oskar Panizza and Alfred Döblin; Weimar intellectuals such as Erich Wulffen, and New York psychoanalyst Viola Bernard. There result important new insights into the continuing legacy of such writers, and into the agency increasingly claimed by the readerships that emerged with the development of modernity—from readers who self-identified as masochists, to conmen and female criminals. Where previous accounts of the case study have tended to consider the history of the genre from a single disciplinary perspective, this book is structured by the interdisciplinary approach most applicable to the ambivalent context of modernity. It focuses on key moments in the genre’s past, occasions when and where the conventions of the case study were contested as part of a more profound enquiry into the nature of the human subject.
material foundation of that identity: an overseas
empire, economic prosperity and global political prestige. To add to
England’s travails, the old empire has been replaced by the ‘Empire
Within’, generated by flows of black immigration to the British mainland that started in the 1940s and have become increasingly unwelcome
to a number of white Britons. As a result, the recently reformulated
Englishness – variously referred to as ‘the new racism’ or ‘Thatcherism’
– equates national community with the white race.2 This nationalist
discourse eschews the openly racist